Principals of Anatomy & Physiology

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1

Cartilage that supports the External Ear

Elastic

2

The Cartilage between the Vertebrae?

Fibrocartilage

3

The cartilage that forms the walls of the voice-box? (Larynx)

Hyaline

4

The cartilage of the Epiglottis?

Elastic

5

Articular Cartilages?

Hyaline

6

The cartilage of the meniscus of the knee joint?

Fibrocartilage

7

Cartilage that connects the ribs to the sternum?

Hyaline

8

Cartilage most effective at resisting compression?

Fibrocartilage

9

Cartilage which is most springy and flexible?

Elastic

10

Most abundant cartilage?

Hyaline

11

What is a spine?

Sharp Slender Process

12

What is a tubercle?

Small rounded Projection

13

What is a line?

Narrow ridge of a bone.

14

What is a tuberosity?

Large Rounded Projection.

15

What is a head?

Structure supported on neck.

16

What is a Ramus?

Arm-like projection.

17

What is a condyle?

Rounded, articular projection.

18

What is a fissure?

A narrow opening.

19

What is a meatus?

A canal-like structure.

20

What is a foramen?

Round or oval opening through a bone.

21

What is a fossa?

Shallow depression.

22

What is a sinus?

Air-filled cavity.

23

What is a trochanter?

A large, irregularly shaped projection.

24

What is an epicondyle?

Raised area on or above an condyle.

25

What is a process?

Projection or prominence.

26

What is a facet?

Smooth, nearly flat articular surface.

27

What is the end portion of the long bone called?

Epiphysis

28

What helps reduce friction at joints?

Articular Cartilage

29

What is the site of blood cell formation?

Red Marrow

30

What are the two major sub membranous sites of osteogenic cells?

Endosteum

Periosteum

31

What is the scientific term for bone shaft?

Diaphysis

32

What contains Yellow Marrow in adult bones?

Medullary Cavity

33

What is the growth plate remnant called?

Epiphyseal Lines

34

What are the layers of bony matrix around a central canal?

Concentric Lamellae

35

What is the site of osteocytes called?

Lacunae

36

What is the longitudinal canal carrying blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves called?

Central Canal

37

What are the tiny canals connecting osteocytes of an osteon?

Canaliculi.

38

What are inorganic salts deposited in organic ground substance called?

Matrix.