A&P Terminology

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created 8 years ago by jenkarmata
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1

Abdominopelvic:

Cavity composed of the abdomen & the pelvis.

2

Absorption:

Movement of nutrients from the digestive tube into the bloodstream.

3

Actin:

Protein making up the 'I' band of the sarcomere.

4

Amino Acid:

The building block of proteins

5

Antibody:

Special proteins that protect the body from foreign substances.

6

ATP:

Abbreviation for Adenosine Triphosphate, which is the energy of the cell.

7

Atria:

Upper chambers of the heart.

8

Bile:

Product of the liver that emulsifies fat.

9

Cartilage:

Tissue made of cells & fibers that connect & support.

10

Ceruminous Gland:

Gland of the ear that produces earwax.

11

Chromosomes:

Bodies w/the nucleus made of DNA & proteins called histones.

12

Cilia:

Small hairlike projections on some cells

13

CNS:

Abbreviation for Central Nervous System, which is made up of the brain & spinal cord.

14

Coronal Plane:

Imaginary line passing through the body from head to feet that divides the body into front & back portions.

15

Cranial Cavity:

Body cavity containing the brain.

16

Diaphragm:

Dome-shaped breathing muscle that separates the thoracic & adominal cavities.

17

Diffusion:

Movement of materials from high concentration to lower concentration.

18

Digestion:

The mechanical & chemical breakdown of food.

19

Dorsal Horn:

Crescent-shaped projection of gray matter within the spinal cord where sensory neurons enter the spinal cord.

20

ECG:

Abbreviation for electrocardiogram, which is a record of the electrical activity of the heart.

21

Embryo:

Prenatal development time between the zygote & the fetus.

22

Endometrium:

Inner lining of the uterus.

23

Enzymes:

Functional proteins; their names usually end in 'ase'.

24

Foramen Magnum:

A passage in the skull bone through which the spinal cord enter the spinal column.

25

Glucose:

A simple sugar found in certain foods, especially fruits.

26

Homeostasis:

The physiologic steady state that is naturally maintained within the body.

27

Hypothalamus:

Portion of the brain that regulates body temperature, sleep & appetite.

28

Ingest:

To eat food & drink.

29

Joints:

Articulations between adjoining bones.

30

Keratin:

A tough, fibrous, insoluble protein forming the primary component of skin, hair, nails & tooth enamel.

31

Keratinized Epithelium:

The dead cells of the epidermis.

32

Lacteal Vessel:

Found within the villi of intestinal wall, where fat nutrients are absorbed.

33

Ligaments:

Tissue connecting bone to bone.`

34

Medial Plane:

An imaginary line dividing the body or body part into right & left portions.

35

Mediastinum:

Space within the thoracic cavity that houses all the organs of the chest EXCEPT the lungs.

36

Metabolism:

The sum total of uses of ATP in the body.

37

Mucous Membrane:

Thin sheets of tissue cells that line body openings or canals that open to the outside of the body.

38

Myosin:

a Protein that makes up nearly half of the proteins in muscles cells.

39

Nucleus:

The control center of the cell.

40

Oral Cavity:

The mouth; also known as the 'buccal cavity'.

41

Orbits:

Cavities containing the eyes.

42

Organelle:

A structurally discrete component of a cell that performs a specific function.

43

pH:

Measurement associated w/acids & bases.

44

Phagocytosis:

Engulfing of materials by certain cells of the body.

45

Plasma:

The liquid portion of blood.

46

Pulmonary Circulation:

Blood flow through a network of vessels between the heart AND the lungs for the oxygenation of blood & the removal of carbon dioxide.

47

Ribosome:

The organelle of the cell where protein synthesis takes place.

48

Sagittal:

An imaginary line running from front to back that divides the body into right & left portions.

49

Sarcoplasmic Reticulum:

Organelle of the muscle fiber that stores calcium.

50

Sebaceous Glands:

Oil glands of the skin.

51

Serous Membranes:

Thin sheets of tissue that line body cavities not having exits to the outside.

52

Spinal Column:

The backbone that protects the spinal cord, which runs inside of it.

53

Subcutaneous Tissue:

Layer of tissue under the dermis that contains adipose tissue.

54

Sudoriferous Glands:

Sweat glands.

55

Synovial Membranes:

Loose, connective tissue that lines the joint cavity.

56

Systemic Circulation:

The general blood circulation of the body, NOT including the lungs.

57

Thoracic Cavity:

The chest cavity.

58

Tranverse Plane:

An imaginary line dividing the body or body parts into top & bottom portions.

59

Vasoconstriction:

A narrowing of the diameter of a blood vessel.

60

Vasodilation:

A widening of the diameter of a blood vessel.

61

Ventral Horn:

The anterior columns of the gray matter of the spinal cord.

62

Ventricles:

Lower chambers of the heart.

63

Zygote:

The fertilized egg, from the time it is fertilized until it is implanted in the uterus.