Cardiovascula Pathology Terms
group of disorders generally defined as a reduction in the mass of circulating red blood cells.
weakening and bulging of a part of a vessel wall.
heart pain or other discomfort felt in the chest, shoulders, arms, jaw, or neck, caused by insufficient blood and oxygen to the heart; usually a symptom of heart disease.
loss of heart rhythm (rhythmic irregularity)
thickening, loss of elasticity, and loss of contractility of arterial walls; commonly called hardening of the arteries.
the most common form of arteriosclerosis, marked by deposits of cholesterol, lipids, and calcium on the walls of arteries, which may restrict blood flow.
atrial fibrillation (AF, A-fib)
common irregular heart rhythm marked by uncontrolled atrial quivering and a rapid ventricular response.
soft blowing sound caused by turbulent blood flow in a vessel
serious conditions in which the heart becomes compressed from an excessive collection of fluid or blood between the pericardial membrane and the heart.
group of conditions in which the heart muscle has deteriorated and functions less effectively
congestive heart failure (CHF)
inability of the heart to pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body, resulting in lung
condition of right ventricular enlargement or dilation from increased right ventricular pressure; also called pulmonary heart disease or right-sided heart failure.
coronary artery disease (CAD)
narrowing of the lumen, or inner open space of a vessel, of heart arteries due to arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis.
deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)
development of a blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the legs also called thrombophlebitis
disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)
serious condition that arises as a complication of another disorder, in which widespread, unrestricted microvascular blood clotting occurs; primary symptom is hemorrhage.
undissolved matter floating in blood or lymph fluid that may cause an occlusion and infarction
infection in the inner lining of the heart that may cause vegetation to form within one or more heart chambers or valves.
quivering of heart muscle fibers instead of an effective heartbeat
blood pressure that is consistently higher thatn 140 systolic, 90 diastolic, or both
temporary reduction in blood supply to a localized area of tissue
rare, life-threatening type of hypertension evidenced by optic nerve (eye) edema and extremely high systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
condition in which the mitral valve does not close tightly, allowing blood to flow backward into the left atrium; also called mitral insuffiency or mitral incompentency.
conidition in which the mitral valve fails to open properly, thereby impeding normal blood flow and increasing pressure within the left atrium and lungs.
blowing or swishing sound in the heart, due to turbulent blood flow or backflow through a leaky valve
myocardial infarction (MI)
death of heart-muscle cells due to occlusion of vessel; commonly called heart attack
condition in which the middle layer of the heart wall becomes inflamed
acute or chronic condition in which the fibrous membrane surrounding the heart becomes inflamed
peripheral artery disease (PAD)
condition of partial or complete obstruction of the arteries of the arms or legs; similar to peripheral vascular disease (PVD), which includes both arteries and veins.
chronic disorder marked by increased number and mass of all bone marrow cells, especially RBCs, with increased blood viscosity and a tendency to develop blood clots.
disorder that affects blood vessels in the fingers, toes, ears, and nose, marked by vessel constriction and reduced blood flow in response to triggers such ass cold temperature
rheumatic heart disease
complication of rheumatic fever in which inflammation and damage occur to parts of the heart, usually the valves
syndrome of inadequate perfusion (circulation of bood, nutrients, and oxygen through tissues and organs) as a result of hypotension or low blood pressure
thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO)
type of vascular disease associated with tobacco use, marked by inflammation and clot formation within small vessels of the hands and feet, which may lead to gangrene and surgical amputation; sometimes called Buerger's disease
bulging, distended veins due to incompetent valves, most commonly in the legs.