Diagnostic Procedures Chapter 13 Part 2 (Nicola)

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1

What uses X-rays to locate tumors in the breast

Mammography

2

A fluoroscope uses ________ to project images of body structures onto a monitor.

X-rays

3

The portable image intensifier is called the ________ because of its configuration.

C-arm

4

________ remains the reference standard for assessing the cause and severity of peripheral vascular disease.

Angiography

5

During angiography, rapid serial film changers capable of at least ________ film(s) per second are essential for areas of high-velocity blood flow.

Two

6

________, as defined by radiology, is the difference in optical density in a radiograph that results from a difference in the radiolucency or penetrability of an object.

Contrast

7

________ permits the evaluation of heart function, the visualization of coronary arteries and cardiac chambers, and the measurement of pressures within the cardiac chambers.

Cardiac catheterization

8

Cardiac catheterization can be used to diagnose:

Coronary artery disease
Congenital heart disease
Pulmonary heart disease

9

Right heart studies are accomplished with the aid of a balloon-tipped ________ pulmonary artery catheter attached to a transducer and monitor.

Swan-Ganz

10

The "CAT" in CAT scan stands for:

Computed axial tomography

11

CT uses ________ radiation

Electromagnetic

12

PET scanning combines ________ to identify how different areas of the brain function by highlighting chemical and metabolic activity.

CT and radioisotope brain scanning

13

MRI uses no:

X-ray radiation

14

Ultrasound is NOT good for examining the:

Lungs

15

Doppler ultrasonography transmits the sound of moving ________ to the transducer

Red blood cells

16

A(n) ________ is a collection of isotopes in a certain area located during isotope scanning

Hot spot

17

Radiation can be used to treat specific types of ________ that are susceptible to radiation exposure.

Neoplasms

18

UA stands for:

Urinalysis

19

The Gram stain uses the color blue to signify a gram-________ bacterium

Positive

20

During a spinal tap, ________ is(are) withdrawn from the lumbar area of the spinal column.

CSF