Exam 4 Note Cards

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Phylum Arthropoda; Phylum Echinodermata; Phylum Hemichordata; Phylum Chordata
updated 6 years ago by Jessica_Faith
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1

Clade Ecdysozoa Unique Features

  • Molting animals
  • Shed exoskeleton
2

What Phylum is joint foot

  • Phylum Arthropoda
3

Key Features

  • Chitin
  • Over 1 Million know species
  • Jointed appendage
4

Type of body Arthropoda have

  • Segmented body (metamerism)
  • Each segment with pair of appendages
  • Segments fused into functional groups (tagmata)
5

Metamerism

  • Property of having repeated segments
6

Tagmata

  • Specialized grouping of multiple segments
7

Epicuticle

  • Outer thin layer on top
  • Protein + Lipids
8

Procuticle

  • Chitin protein ( calcium salt; sometimes)
9

What body plan does Phylum Arthropods have

  • Eucoelomate (coelom is reduced to a blood space; the hemocoel)
10

What type of circulatory system does Phylum Arthropods have

Open

11

What type of body cavity do Phylum Arthropods have

True

12

Exoskeleton consist of

  • Cuticle
  • Sheds
13

For features that make Exoskeleton successful

  1. Flexible
  2. Lightweight
  3. Protection
  4. H20 resistant
14

Ecdysis consist of

Molting

15

What are the subphylum of Phylum Arthropod

  1. Subphylum Trilobita
  2. Subphylum Myriapoda
  3. Subphylum Chelicerta
  4. Subphylum Crustcea
  5. Subphylum Hexapoda
16

What three subphylum have some of the same general features

  1. Subphylum Trilobita
  2. Subphylum Myriapoda
  3. Subphylum Chelicerta
17

What two subphylum have some of the same general features

  1. Subphylum Crustcea
  2. Subphylum Hexapoda
18

What are the two type of appendages

  • Unriamous
  • Biramous
19

What is the definition for unriamous

  • Single branched
  • Unbranched
20

What subphylums falls into unriamous

  • Myriapoda
  • Hexapoda
21

What is the definition for Biramous

  • Branched
22

What subphylum falls into biramous

  • Crustacea
23

What are the two types of mouth parts

  1. Chelicerae
  2. Mandibles
24

What is the function of Chelicerae

  • Grasp or pinch
  • Often fangs
25

What subphylum is the only group that have Chelicerae

  • Subphylum Chelicerata
26

What is the function of mandibles

  • Jointed
  • Chew or grind
27

What subphylum consist of mandibles

  • Subphylum Myriapoda
  • Subphylum Hexapoda
  • Subphylum Crustacea
28

What subphylum is extinct

  • Subphylum Trilobita
29

Subphylum has been extict for

  • 250 Million years
30

Subphylum Trilobita

  • 3 longitudinal lobes
31

How many Tagmata do Trilobita have

  • Three
32

The tagmata in Trilobita consist of

  • Head
  • Trunk
  • Pygidum
33

Pygidum is the

  • Tail
34

What habitat is Trilobita

  • Marine
35

Subphylum Chelicerata don't have what following features

  • No mandibles
  • No antennae
36

Subphylum Chelicerata have how many tagmata

  • Two
37

The tagmata in Subphylum Chelicerata consist of

  • Cephalothorax
  • Abdomen
38

Subphylum Chelicerata is the only group without

  • Antennae
39

How many pair of walking legs do Subphylum Chelicerata have

  • 4 pairs of walking legs
40

What is the name of the classes that are in Subphylum Chelicerata

  • Class Merostomata
  • Class Archnida
41

What organisms are in Class Merostomata

  • Horseshoe crab
42

What does Class Diplopoda use for defense

  • Repugnatorial glands ( smelly)
43

How many appendages does Class Diplopoda have

  • Two pairs of appendages per segment
44

How many feet does Class Diplopoda have

  • Two feet
45

How many appendages does Class Chilopods have

  • 1 pair of appendages ( Which are venom claws)
46

What organisms are in Class Chilopods

  • Centipeds
47

What organisms are in Class Diplopoda

  • Millipede
48

What organisms are in Class Arachnida

  • Spiders
  • Ticks
  • Mites
  • Scorpions
49

Subphylum Chelicerata excretion via

  • Malpighiam tubles
50

Subphylum Chelicerata respiration via

  • Tracheae
  • Book lungs
51

Subphylum Chelicerata second appendages are

  • Pedipalp
52

How does Subphylum Chelicerata reproduce

  • By pedipalp sensory ( Transfer sperm to female, sensitive)
53

How many eyes do Subphylum Chelicerata have

  • Usually 8 eyes
54

Subphylum Chelicerata rely on

  • Sensory setae (Which is hairlike structures)
55

What type of digestive system does Subphylum Chelicerata have

  • Complete
56

Subphylum Chelicerata have

  • Silk glands
57

Subphylum Myriapoda are known for

  • Many legs
58

How many tagmata do Subphylum Myriapoda have

  • Two
59

Subphylum Crustacea use what for respiration

  • Gills
60

The tagmata in Subphylum Crustacea consist of

  • Head
  • Thorax
  • Abdomen
61

The tagmata in Subphylum Myriapoda consist of

  • Head
  • Trunk
62

Have many legs do Subphylum Myriapoda have

  • 1 or 2 pair of legs on trunk segments
63

How many antennae do Subphylum Myriapoda have

  • One
64

How many mandible do Subphylum Myriapoda have

  • One
65

The realationship for Arthropods is based on

  • Mouth parts
  • Appendages
66

Is Subphylum Myriapoda biramous or uniramous

  • Uniramous (paired appendages on most trunk segments)
67

Subphylum Myriapoda respiration via

  • Body surface
  • Tracheae
68

What is the name of the classes in Subphylum Myriapoda

  • Class Chilopods
  • Class Diplopoda
69

How many Tagmata does Subphylum Crustacea have

  • Three
70

How many pairs of maxillae does Subphylum Crustacea have

  • Two
71

Subphylum Crustaceas use mandibles for

  • Mouth part
72

How many pair of mandibles does Subphylum Crustacea have

  • One
73

How many pairs of antennae does Subphylum Crustaceas have

  • Two
74

What organisms are in Class Chilopods

  • Centipeds
75

What are the triggers for molting

  • Temperature
  • Day
  • Length
  • Hummidity
76

Molting occurs more in what stage

  • Juvenile Stage
77

Internal Form of Class Insecta consist of

  • Complete nervous system
  • Open Circulatory system
  • Sensitive to odors
78

What organisms are in Class Insecta

  • Grasshoppers
  • Bees
  • Butterfly
  • Etc.
79

Class Insecta digestive system consist of

  • Crop
  • Proventviculus
  • Midgut
80

Proventvioculus is

  • Grinding
81

Crop is

  • Storage
82

Midgut is

  • Absorption
  • Absorb a lot of food in order in to regulate
83

Hemimetabolous is what type of metamorphosis

  • Incomplete metamorphosis
84

Holometabolous is what type of metamorphosis

  • Complete metamorphosis
  • 88%
85

Taenida is

  • Support
86

Respiration for Class Insecta function by

  • Tracheal system (pl. Tracheae)
  • Air directly to each cell
  • Spiracles
  • Taenida
87

Spiracles is

  • The opening where air is released
88

Class Insecta Osmoregulation and Excretion functions by

  • Malpighian tubules
89

Key feature of Subphylum Cephalothordata (Head cord)

  • Amphioxus (branchiostoma)
  • Segmented trunk masculature
  • Notochord to tip of head
  • Larval feature retained in adult
90

What is the name of the subphylums in Phylum Chordata

  • Subphylum Cephalothordata
  • Subphylum Urochordata
  • Subphylum Craniata
91

What is the 5 defining features of Phylum Chordata

  1. All notochord ( supporting rod)
  2. All dorsal hollow nerve cord (nerve cord)
  3. All pharyngeal pouches ( gill slits, tonsils) (Close to hemicordata)
  4. All endostyle (organ)(thyroid gland)
  5. All post anal (muscular)
92

Class Holothuroidea consist of what organisms

  • Sea Urchin
  • Sea Cucumbers
93

Class Chondrichthyes key features

  • Class that contains the cartilaginous fishes
  • Jawed vertebrates
  • Paired fins
  • Paired nares
  • Heart with its chambers in series
94

Class Chondrichthyes key features

  • Flexible skeleton made of cartilage instead of bone
  • Placoid scales
  • Retain urea ( during osmorgulation)
  • Pelvic claspers in males
95

Clade Teleostomi key features

  • Lungs
  • Body endoskeleton
96

Superclass Tetrapoda key features

  • Girdles
  • Appendages
97

Clade Teleostomi consist of what class

  • Class Actinopterygii
  • Ray wing or ray fish
  • Most diverse group of vertebrates
  • 27,00 species
98

Clade Teleostomi consist of what organisms

  • Tetrapods
  • Bony fish,
  • Wholly extinctacanthodian fish
99

Clade Teleostomi

  • Include all jawed vertebrates
  • Except the chondrichthyans and the extinct class placodermi.
100

Superclass Tetrapod consist of what classes

  • Class Sarcopterygii
  • Class Amphibia
101

Class Sarcopterygii consist of what organisms

  • Fleshy fin fish
  • Lung fish
  • Coelacanth
  • Tetropds
102

Class Amphibia consist of what organisms

  • Frogs
  • Salamanders
  • Nevts
  • Cacilians
103

Superclass Tetrapoda consist of what organisms

  • 4 limbed vertebrates
104

Class Chondrichthyes consist of what organisms

  • Rays
  • Sharks
  • Skate
  • Chimaeras
105

Phylum Echinodermata (''spiny'') consist of what organisms

  • Starfish
  • Brittle stars
  • Sea urchins
  • Sea Cucumbers
  • Sea lilies
106

What 5 features are in Phylum Echinodermata

  1. Calcareous Endoskeleton (Plates or Ossicles)
  2. Water vascular system
  3. Pentaradial symmetry
  4. Dermal branchiae
  5. Pedicellariae
107

Aboral side

  • Rough
  • Spinny
108

Aboral side key features

  • Pedicellariae
  • Dermal branchiae ( Also called Papulae)
  • Circular Madreporite and anus
109

Pedicellariae

  • Jawskeep body surface free of debris
  • Protect the papulae
  • Aid food in capture
110

Dermal branchiae

  • These are gill-like formations
  • Used to absorb oxygen from the water
  • Act like lungs
111

Madreporite and anus

  • Bring water into water vascular system
112

Oral side key feature

  • Mouth (Center)
  • Ambulacral grooves (open)
  • Tube feet (used for locomotion)