Physical Examination

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created 5 years ago by mapodaca11
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Physical Examination
updated 5 years ago by mapodaca11
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1

Auscultation

the act of listening to body sounds, typically with a stethoscope, to assess various organs throughout the body

2

Bruit

an abnormal sound or murmur heard on auscultation of an organ, vessel (such as carotid artery), or gland

3

Clubbing

abnormal enlargement of the distal phalanges associated with cyanotic heart disease or advanced chronic pulmonary disease

4

Colonoscopy

procedure in which a fiber optic scope is used to examine the large intestine

5

Electrocardiogram

a graphic record of electrical conduction throughout the heart Emphysema, pathological accumulation of air in the alveoli, which results in alveolar destruction and overall oxygen deprivation; in the lungs, the bronchioles become plugged with mucous and lose elasticity

6

Gait

manner of style of walking

7

Hematopoiesis

the formation and development of blood cells in the red bone marrow

8

Intercellular

term referring the the area between cells

9

intracellular

term referring to the area within the cell membrane

10

Manipulation

movement or exercising of a body part by means of externally applied force Mastication, chewing

11

Supine Position

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Used to exams of breasts/abdominal organs. Lying flat on the table, with legs together, hands at sides of body.

12

Prone Position

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Examination of the spine/back. On the stomach, head to one side, hands underneath the head, gown open in back

13

Dorsal Recumbent Position

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Used for digital vaginal or rectal exams. Gown is opened in the front. both feet should be flat on the table, knees flexed

14

Lithotomy Position

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Pap smears. On back, legs flexed on abdomen, feet in stirrups, thighs apart. Gown open in back.

15

Sim's Position

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Examination/treatment of the rectal area & enemas. Turned on left side, right leg drawn up high & forward, left arm along back and chest forward. Gown open in back

16

Knee-Chest Position

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Rectal exams, proctologic exams and occasionally a sigmoidoscopy. Hands folded under head, chest down to the table, knees separated. gown open in the back

17

Semi-Fowler's Position

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Used with respiratory or cardiovascular problems. On back, head elevated to a 45⁹ angle

18

Fowler's Position

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Used for exams of the head, neck and upper body. Patients who have a hard time breathing in the supine position may find this more comfortable

19

Trendelenburg Position

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Used for abdominal surgeries, incase of shock, or low blood pressure.