Surg Tech Practice 6 (Nicola)
the pigment that occurs in the epidermis and absorbs light energy is
which layer contains hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and nerve fibers
which cells contribute to the development og hair at the base of the hair follicle
which skin layer contains blood vessels to aid in the regulation of body temperature
sebaceous glands secret
what burn classification involves only the epidermis
a burn that destroys the epidermis, dermis, and accessory organs of the skin is
what type of graft is skin harvested from a cadaver
if skin taken from an unburned area of the patient and used as a transplant, it is called
radial, ulnar, median
what three innervate the forearm, wrist and hand?
which muscle is responsible for flexing the hand in the wrist
radial and ulnar
what are the two main arteries that supply the hand and the forearm
rule of nines
what is a common method of determining the percentage of body surface burned
what other pathology often occurs in conjunction with cheiloshisis
what medical term refers to the condition in which the digits of the hands and feet fail to separate
the condition causing the contraction of palmar fascia is known as
what medical term refers to the surgical procedure commonly known as a face lift
a cosmetic procedure performed on the eyelid
which type of donor skin graft includes the epidermis, dermis, and possibly subcutaneous tissue
which procedure may involve the use of the local anesthetic cocaine?
which of the following is a synovial fluid-filled cyst that can rise from a tendon sheath or wrist joint
Chapter 19: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 1. What type of membrane is the skin?
What layer binds the skin to the underlying structures?
What is keratinization?
The process by which cells are hardened to make skin, nails, and hair.
Which layer contains hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and nerve fibers?
Dermis or Stratum Corium
Which layer of skin functions best as a heat insulator?
Subcutaneous (hypodermis) Layer
Which cells contribute to the development of hair at the base of the hair follicle?
Which skin layer contains blood vessels to aid in the regulation of body temperature?
What do sebaceous glands secrete?
Know the burn classifications.
1st Degree – affects just the dermis 2nd Degree – affect the dermis to varying degrees. 3rd Degree – Completely penetrate the full thickness of the skin. 4th Degree – Char burns
What bones form the hard palate of the mouth?
Consists of palatine processes of each maxilla, palatine bones. (Palatine and Maxillary)
Which three nerves innervate the forearm, wrist, and hand?
Radial, Median, and Ulnar
Which muscle is responsible for flexing the hand at the wrist?
What are the two main arteries that supply the forearm and hand?
Radial, and Ulnar
What is a common method of determining the percentage of body surface burned?
Rule of Nines
What other pathology often occurs in conjunction with cheiloschisis?
Palatoschisos (cleft palate)
What medical term refers to the condition in which the digits of the hands or feet fail to separate?
What is Dupuytren's disease?
Disease of the fascia of the palm and digits. The fascia becomes thick and contracted. Results in flexion deformities of the involved digits. (the condition causing the contraction of palmar fascia)
What is blepharoplasty, septoplasty, rhytidectomy, dermabrasion?
blepharoplasty- Surgical repair of the eyelid septoplasty- surgical procedure done to straighten the nasal septum rhytidectomy- Facelift dermabrasion- Planing of skin, either mechanically or chemically, to smooth a skin surface
Which type of donor skin graft includes the epidermis, dermis, and possibly subcutaneous tissue?
Full Thickness Skin Grafts
Which body site(s) is/are ideal for a split-thickness skin graft?
Lateral & ventral thighs Back Abdomen Chest
Know the following conditions: ganglion cyst, carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger, Dupuytren’s disease.
ganglion cyst- A benign lesion filled with synovial fluid. carpal tunnel syndrome- compression of a nerve in the carpal tunnel trigger finger- Stenosing tenosynovitis that affects digits. Dupuytren’s disease- tightening of the tissue of the palm of the h
What is the order of the procedure for reimplantation of a digit?
Bone to bone,
What surgical procedure is performed to remove hypertrophic breast tissue?
Which procedure involves an initial skin incision within the hairline beginning in the temporal region superior to the ear?
Which instrument is responsible for expanding the surface area of a skin graft?
Mesh Graft device
Which nerve must be avoided during a rhytidectomy?
Why is mineral oil used during procurement of a skin graft using a dermatome?
to reduce friction & provide smooth surface
What type of dressing is required for the recipient skin graft site?
Which type of suture is most often used to close the skin in plastic surgery to achieve a cosmetic closure?
What happens during the aging process?
Elastin fibers decrease in number & adipose is lost – causes wrinkling & sagging. Collagen is lost, Slow healing.
Which layer of epidermis is found only in the thick skin areas such as the palms of the hands and soles of the feet?
What is the thick-strength layer of the dermis known as?
Which sudoriferous glands are found in the axillae?
Which sudoriferous glands are distributed over most of the body and open directly to the skin.
What is the anterior portion of the palate that consists of the palatine processes of each maxilla called?
Congenital malformations of the palate occur during which part of the pregnancy?
How many phalanges are in a normal hand?
What is a diarthrosis joint?
Which artery provides blood to the medial side of the forearm?
What is radial dysplasia?
club hand, congenital, failure of the radium to develop
Which surgical procedure is performed to improve the cosmetic appearance of the chin by correcting micrognathia?
What is microtia?
congenital absence of part or all of the ear
Where would an autograft be taken from to replace the congenital absence of an ear?
Which instrument set(s) should a surgical technologist open for an autograft to treat microtia?
Which instrument would a surgeon need to dissect the nasal mucosa during a cleft palate repair?
Which plastic surgical procedures are considered a “clean” and not sterile procedure?
During replantation, which drug may be used to prevent vasospasm?
Which type of flap allows the tissue to be transferred to remain attached to its blood supply?
Which type of instrument will be attached to the Mayo stand during a cleft palate repair?
Self- retaining mouth gag
How many carpal bones compose each wrist?
What is blepharochalasis?
A condition in which there is a lack of tone or relaxation of the eyelid skin, causing the lid to appear thin and wrinkled
Which analgesic can be given to a patient who is about to undergo plastic surgery?
Chapter 21: Orthopedic Surgery All Key Terms Skeleton – page 386 – Study guide 1. What is the longest & most complex of the synovial joints?
2. Which ligament originates from the anterior intercondylar area of the tibia and extends to the lateral condyle of the femur?
anterior cruciate ligament
What is pronation? Supination?
Pro- pointing a body part downward.. Sup-pointing a body part upward
Know examples of a cartilaginous Joint?
Manubrium, ribs, Sternum, pubic symphysis
inflammation of bone and cartilage.
Abnormal condition characterized by softening of the bone due to a loss of calcification of the bone.
Destruction and death of bone tissue.
What is Pott’s, Colle’s, and Transcervical Fx?
Pott's fracture- fracture of the fibulia near the ankle. Colle's Fracture- fracture of the distal radius that occurs at the epiphysis within 2.54 centimeters of the wrist joint, forcing the hand into a dorsal & lateral position.
Which bone articulates with the distal tibia & fibula?
Where is the medial malleous?
medial prominence medial side of tibia (ankle)
Where is the sacroiliac joint?
between the sacrum and the ilium of the pelvis
What is the anterior portion of the coxal bone?
Pubis or pubic bone
What articulates with the head of the femur?
Which bone articulates with the glenoid cavity to form the shoulder joint?
The end of which bone articulates with the manbrium?
What articulates with the distal clavicle and provides attachments for muscles of the arms and chest?
What medical term is used to refer to the first seven rib pairs?
Which bones are attached to each thoracic vertebrae?
What is the initial step in the body's repair of a fracture?
Fracture Hematoma(BLOOD CLOT)
Which type of cells break down and assimilate bone?
Where are the osteocytes located?
What are the distal and proximal ends of long bones called?
Which bone is posterior to the mandible and anterior to the trachea?
What is the name of the second cervical vertebra?
The first cervical vertebra is?
During total hip replacement surgery, which instrument is used to replace the femoral head?
Which hemostatic agents are used in orthopedics?
GELFOAM, AVITENE, THROMBIN, BONE WAX.