Surg Tech Practice 3 (Nicola)

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1

What layer binds the skin to the underlying structures?

Subcutaneous

2

What is keratinization?

The process by which cells are hardened to make skin, nails, and hair.

3

Which layer contains hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and nerve fibers?

Dermis or Stratum Corium

4

Which layer of skin functions best as a heat insulator?

Subcutaneous (hypodermis) Layer

5

Which cells contribute to the development of hair at the base of the hair follicle?

Epidermal

6

Which skin layer contains blood vessels to aid in the regulation of body temperature?

Dermal

7

What do sebaceous glands secrete?

oil (sebum)

8

Which three nerves innervate the forearm, wrist, and hand?

Radial, Median, and Ulnar

9

Which muscle is responsible for flexing the hand at the wrist?

palmaris longus

10

What are the two main arteries that supply the forearm and hand?

Radial, and Ulnar

11

What is a common method of determining the percentage of body surface burned?

Rule of Nines

12

What other pathology often occurs in conjunction with cheiloschisis?

Palatoschisos (cleft palate)

13

What medical term refers to the condition in which the digits of the hands or feet fail to separate?

Syndactyly

14

What is Dupuytren's disease?

Disease of the fascia of the palm and digits. The fascia becomes thick and contracted. Results in flexion deformities of the involved digits. (the condition causing the contraction of palmar fascia)

15

Which structure is attached to the valvular cusps and prevent valves from swinging back into the atria?

chordae tendinea.

16

Which structure makes rapid and complex muscular movements possible?

cerebellum.

17

Which structure prevents the trachea from collapsing?

hyaline cartilage.

18

Which structure supplies the myocardium with oxygenated blood?

Coronary arteries.

19

Which style of cast is applied to the trunk, completely around the affected leg, and half of the unaffected leg?

Hip spica.

20

Which suture is not typically used to attach tendon to bone?

Chromic.

21

Which suture type is appropriate for closing an arteriotomy?

polypropylene.

22

Which type of casting material is more expensive, lightweight, and strong?

fiberglass.

23

Which type of fracture is complete and results in several bony fragments?

comminuted.

24

Which type of needle is appropriate for closing a vessel?

taper.

25

Which type of suture would most likely be used to close the dura on an adult patient?

4-0 Neurolon

26

Which veins receive blood from the brain, meninges, and deeper regions of the face and neck?

Internal jugular

27

Which vessels must be clamped during a carotid endarterectomy?

common carotid artery, external carotid artery, and the internal carotid artery.

28

With what instrument is an arteriotomy initiated?

#11 blade on a #7 handle

29

Why is Gelfoam used in ENT surgical procedures?

Reduce Edema

30

What does the term congenital mean?

Present at birth

31

Which term is commonly referred to as the throat?

pharynx

32

What is the name of the lowest tracheal cartilage that forms a ridge between the right and left main stem bronchi?

Carina

33

What is the enlargement of a structure due to an increase in the size of its cells called?

Hypertrophy

34

What does otosclerosis describe?

Middle ear inflammation

35

What is the pinna also know as?

Auricle

36

What are the three sections of the pharynx?

Nasopharynx, oropharynx, larynx

37

Which tonsils are removed during the procedure called tonsillectomy?

Palatine

38

Which tonsils are removed during the procedure called adenoidectomy?

Pharyngeal

39

What are the conchae?

osseous ridges on the lateral walls of the nasal cavity

40

What terms describe the concavity on the tympanic membrane where the malleus is attached?

Umbo

41

What is one of the most frequent causes of epiglottitis?

Virus

42

What is a reduction of hearing referred to as?

Deafness

43

What is the usual cause of a vocal cord nodule?

Vocal abuse

44

In what position will the adult patient be placed to undergo tonsillectomy under local anesthesia?

Sitting

45

What is the most common autologous site for securing a graft for tympanoplasty?

temporalis fascia

46

What does Panendoscopy involve viewing of?

Esophagus

47

What structures are removed during UPPP?

tonsils, adenoids, uvula, soft palate

48

Name the structure that separates the outer and middle ear.

Tympanic membrane

49

Which of the following is not a normal feature of the tympanic membrane?

Convex

50

Name the ossicles of the middle ear from lateral to medial.

malleus, incus, stapes

51

What does the footplate of the stapes rest upon?

Oval window

52

What fluid fills the spaces of the bony labyrinth?

Perilymph

53

What is the function of the cristae located in the inner ear?

Control dynamic equillibrium

54

What is the seventh cranial nerve also known as?

Facial nerve

55

What is an otoscope used for?

To look into the ear

56

Why is nitrous oxide NOT used during reconstructive ear surgery?

It expands the middle ear

57

What is a Tympanotomy?

An incision into the tympanic membrane

58

What is the apex of the nose called?

Tip

59

What is the name of the structure that divides the two chambers of the nasal cavity?

Septum

60

Where are the frontal sinuses located?

Within the frontal bone

61

What is the main source of blood supply to the nose?

Internal maxillary artery

62

The olfactory bulb is the tip of which cranial nerve?

Third

63

What is the name of the procedure that is used to change the external appearance of the nose?

Rhinoplasty

64

What may hypertrophic turbinates be treated with?

Sclerosing Agents

65

What is the medical term for the Adam’s apple? Thyroid cartilage

Thyroid cartilage

66

What is the only cartilage in the upper aerodigestive tract to form a complete circle?

Cricoid Cartilage

67

Where is Zenker’s diverticulum found?

Esophagus

68

What is “nerve deafness,” a condition that involves the cochlear portion of the inner ear or the cochlear division of the acoustic nerve also known as?

Sensorineural

69

What is the graft harvested prior to the start of a stapedectomy used for?

To cover the oval window

70

Which instrument is routinely used in ear procedures to pass a prothesis or a graft?

Alligator

71

Which salivary gland is the largest and is located on the lateral sides of the face anterior to the external ear?

Parotid

72

What is a major concern when operating on the parotid gland?

Facial Nerve

73

Which digestive enzyme found in the salivary glands breaks down carbohydrates?

Amylase

74

Which salivary gland is located inferior to the jaw?

Submandibular

75

Which salivary gland is located beneath the mucous membrane that covers the floor of the mouth?

Sublingual

76

Which of the following is a symptom of Ménière’s diseases?

Tinnitus

77

What is the name of the radical antrostomy procedure to provide adequate visualization?

Caldwell-Luc

78

What is another name given to the adenoids?

pharyngeal tonsils

79

Where do nasal polyps originate from?

Mucous Membrane

80

Which portion of the ear is responsible for equilibrium?

Semicircular canals

81

Which structure are the vocal cords located in?

Larynx

82

If acute otitis media is left untreated, which condition may it lead to?

Mastoiditis

83

Ulceration of the esophagus is typically seen in patients who?

Are alcoholic

84

Which instruments are used to remove preoperative packing for a septoplasty?

Speculum, Bayonet

85

During a tonsillectomy, which instrument can be used to put tension on the tonsil during dissection?

Long Allis

86

A patient undergoing a Caldwell-Luc is placed in which surgical position?

Modified Supine

87

Which portion of the pharynx is the most superior?

Nasopharynx

88

The term used to define the inflammation of the nasal mucosa is known as?

Rhinitis

89

epistaxis is the term given to which condition?

Nose bleed

90

what describes the condition known as Otosclerosis?

hardening of the tympanic membrane

91

Which ossicle of the middle ear covers the oval window?

Stapes

92

The largest cartilage in the larynx is the?

Thyroid Cartilage

93

What is Cholesteatoma?

Benign cyst in the mastoid cavity

94

Hemorrhage from the nose is described as?

Epistaxis

95

The olfactory sense is the sense of?

Smell

96

What process normally affects the nasal septum throughout the life span?

Deviation

97

What is cerumen?

Ear Wax

98

What are the 3 ossicles in the ear?

malleus, incus, stapes

99

Name 3 of the salivary glands?

parotid, submandibular, sublinguinal

100

What does the pelvic girdle consists of?

Ilia, Ischia, Pubic bones