Surg Tech Practice 3 (Nicola)
What layer binds the skin to the underlying structures?
What is keratinization?
The process by which cells are hardened to make skin, nails, and hair.
Which layer contains hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and nerve fibers?
Dermis or Stratum Corium
Which layer of skin functions best as a heat insulator?
Subcutaneous (hypodermis) Layer
Which cells contribute to the development of hair at the base of the hair follicle?
Which skin layer contains blood vessels to aid in the regulation of body temperature?
What do sebaceous glands secrete?
Which three nerves innervate the forearm, wrist, and hand?
Radial, Median, and Ulnar
Which muscle is responsible for flexing the hand at the wrist?
What are the two main arteries that supply the forearm and hand?
Radial, and Ulnar
What is a common method of determining the percentage of body surface burned?
Rule of Nines
What other pathology often occurs in conjunction with cheiloschisis?
Palatoschisos (cleft palate)
What medical term refers to the condition in which the digits of the hands or feet fail to separate?
What is Dupuytren's disease?
Disease of the fascia of the palm and digits. The fascia becomes thick and contracted. Results in flexion deformities of the involved digits. (the condition causing the contraction of palmar fascia)
Which structure is attached to the valvular cusps and prevent valves from swinging back into the atria?
Which structure makes rapid and complex muscular movements possible?
Which structure prevents the trachea from collapsing?
Which structure supplies the myocardium with oxygenated blood?
Which style of cast is applied to the trunk, completely around the affected leg, and half of the unaffected leg?
Which suture is not typically used to attach tendon to bone?
Which suture type is appropriate for closing an arteriotomy?
Which type of casting material is more expensive, lightweight, and strong?
Which type of fracture is complete and results in several bony fragments?
Which type of needle is appropriate for closing a vessel?
Which type of suture would most likely be used to close the dura on an adult patient?
Which veins receive blood from the brain, meninges, and deeper regions of the face and neck?
Which vessels must be clamped during a carotid endarterectomy?
common carotid artery, external carotid artery, and the internal carotid artery.
With what instrument is an arteriotomy initiated?
#11 blade on a #7 handle
Why is Gelfoam used in ENT surgical procedures?
What does the term congenital mean?
Present at birth
Which term is commonly referred to as the throat?
What is the name of the lowest tracheal cartilage that forms a ridge between the right and left main stem bronchi?
What is the enlargement of a structure due to an increase in the size of its cells called?
What does otosclerosis describe?
Middle ear inflammation
What is the pinna also know as?
What are the three sections of the pharynx?
Nasopharynx, oropharynx, larynx
Which tonsils are removed during the procedure called tonsillectomy?
Which tonsils are removed during the procedure called adenoidectomy?
What are the conchae?
osseous ridges on the lateral walls of the nasal cavity
What terms describe the concavity on the tympanic membrane where the malleus is attached?
What is one of the most frequent causes of epiglottitis?
What is a reduction of hearing referred to as?
What is the usual cause of a vocal cord nodule?
In what position will the adult patient be placed to undergo tonsillectomy under local anesthesia?
What is the most common autologous site for securing a graft for tympanoplasty?
What does Panendoscopy involve viewing of?
What structures are removed during UPPP?
tonsils, adenoids, uvula, soft palate
Name the structure that separates the outer and middle ear.
Which of the following is not a normal feature of the tympanic membrane?
Name the ossicles of the middle ear from lateral to medial.
malleus, incus, stapes
What does the footplate of the stapes rest upon?
What fluid fills the spaces of the bony labyrinth?
What is the function of the cristae located in the inner ear?
Control dynamic equillibrium
What is the seventh cranial nerve also known as?
What is an otoscope used for?
To look into the ear
Why is nitrous oxide NOT used during reconstructive ear surgery?
It expands the middle ear
What is a Tympanotomy?
An incision into the tympanic membrane
What is the apex of the nose called?
What is the name of the structure that divides the two chambers of the nasal cavity?
Where are the frontal sinuses located?
Within the frontal bone
What is the main source of blood supply to the nose?
Internal maxillary artery
The olfactory bulb is the tip of which cranial nerve?
What is the name of the procedure that is used to change the external appearance of the nose?
What may hypertrophic turbinates be treated with?
What is the medical term for the Adam’s apple? Thyroid cartilage
What is the only cartilage in the upper aerodigestive tract to form a complete circle?
Where is Zenker’s diverticulum found?
What is “nerve deafness,” a condition that involves the cochlear portion of the inner ear or the cochlear division of the acoustic nerve also known as?
What is the graft harvested prior to the start of a stapedectomy used for?
To cover the oval window
Which instrument is routinely used in ear procedures to pass a prothesis or a graft?
Which salivary gland is the largest and is located on the lateral sides of the face anterior to the external ear?
What is a major concern when operating on the parotid gland?
Which digestive enzyme found in the salivary glands breaks down carbohydrates?
Which salivary gland is located inferior to the jaw?
Which salivary gland is located beneath the mucous membrane that covers the floor of the mouth?
Which of the following is a symptom of Ménière’s diseases?
What is the name of the radical antrostomy procedure to provide adequate visualization?
What is another name given to the adenoids?
Where do nasal polyps originate from?
Which portion of the ear is responsible for equilibrium?
Which structure are the vocal cords located in?
If acute otitis media is left untreated, which condition may it lead to?
Ulceration of the esophagus is typically seen in patients who?
Which instruments are used to remove preoperative packing for a septoplasty?
During a tonsillectomy, which instrument can be used to put tension on the tonsil during dissection?
A patient undergoing a Caldwell-Luc is placed in which surgical position?
Which portion of the pharynx is the most superior?
The term used to define the inflammation of the nasal mucosa is known as?
epistaxis is the term given to which condition?
what describes the condition known as Otosclerosis?
hardening of the tympanic membrane
Which ossicle of the middle ear covers the oval window?
The largest cartilage in the larynx is the?
What is Cholesteatoma?
Benign cyst in the mastoid cavity
Hemorrhage from the nose is described as?
The olfactory sense is the sense of?
What process normally affects the nasal septum throughout the life span?
What is cerumen?
What are the 3 ossicles in the ear?
malleus, incus, stapes
Name 3 of the salivary glands?
parotid, submandibular, sublinguinal
What does the pelvic girdle consists of?
Ilia, Ischia, Pubic bones