Tx gov't exam 2

Helpfulness: 0
Set Details Share
created 6 years ago by Devalon_N_Burk
181 views
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:
1

The most common form of political participation is:

voting in elections

2

Who votes?

well educated, high incomes, strong party identification, and strong interest in politics

3

U.S. voter registration is:

mainly an individuals responsibility

4

In order to vote in Texas, you must be:

18 or older, a U.S. citizen, a Texas resident, be registered to vote 30 days before the election

5

What must you take with you to the polls?

Either a U.S. or Texas endorsed photo ID or a state issued election certificate

6

The 13th amendment

abolished slavery

7

The proportion of Americans who actually vote:

voter turnout

8

A state that could vote democrat or republican:

swing state

9

A state that traditionally votes one way, democrat or republican:

safe state

10

An election held by a political party to nominate its candidates:

primary election

11

An election rule in which a candidate with the most votes wins regardless of whether it is a majority:

plurality vote

12

An election process where voters choose which candidate will actually take office:

general election

13

A ballot used in general elections where the names of the parties' candidates are randomly listed under each office:

office block ballot

14

A candidate must receive more than 50% of the vote to win;

majority vote

15

A ballot used in general elections where all of the candidates from each party are listed in parallel columns under the party label:

party column ballot

16

May only exercise those powers granted to them:

a general law city

17

An election method that empowers citizens to place a proposal on the ballot for voter approval:

an initiative

18

A system in which candidates run without party labels:

nonpartisan election

19

Powers that are held by the state of Texas:

initiatives and referendums

20

The majority of Texas cities are general law cities: ( about 75%)

true

21

Municipal elections in Texas are:

nonpartisan

22

Texas has ___ counties.

254

23

Laws that restrict the number of times a member can be reelected:

term limits

24

A home rule city has more than ___ people.

5000

25

The most important source of revenue for municipalities;

property taxes

26

An election that permits voters to approve or repeal an existing law. It repeals already passed laws. (not at state level)

referendum

27

The purpose of the primary:

is to decide who will be the Democratic and Republican nominees for president

28

Democratic members of congress, democratic governors, or distinguished party leaders (such as former presidents or vice presidents) who are free to support any candidate for the nomination:

superdelegates

29

The 2015 Texas legislative session passed a bill permitting:

concealed weapons on campus

30

Texas declared its independence and formed the Republic of Texas:

March 2, 1836

31

A group of people who come together to win elections, control the government, and determine public policy:

political party

32

A political system characterized by two dominate parties (usually democrats and republicans):

two-party system

33

Compromise principles to appeal successfully to a majority of voters and gain public office (meet me in the middle):

pragmatism

34

Issues on which all of the public agree:

valence issues

35

Issues on which the public is divided:

position issues

36

Where political party organizations operate on separate levels (National-presidential, state-governor, local-city/county, precinct-neighborhood)

decentralization

37

Republican John Tower elected to the U.S. Senate.

1961

38

Bill Clements elected governor: the state's first republican governor in 104 years.

1978

39

Republicans hold both U.S. Senate seats.

1992

40

Republicans win every statewide election.

1998

41

The transition from one dominate party system to another:

realignment

42

a person’s attachment to one political party or the other.

partisan indentification

43

Individualism and Traditionalism make Texas a Conservative state

ideology

44

Believe:

Limited government (less economic regulations & taxation).

Free markets.

Support government involvement and funding to promote business (government aids will encourage economic development).

Against welfare, health-care aid, or unemployment compensation.

Traditional American values and a strong national defense.

Support big government BUT ONLY to keep the dominant social and religious values.

Favor capital punishment.

Empowerment of the individual to solve problems.

Conservatives (Texas)

45

Believe:

Support government action to regulate the economy, protect human rights and achieve equality for all. For example, every American has a right to affordable health care.

Support social welfare programs, and unemployment and health insurance.

It is fair to tax people who have the ability to pay and to provide social services for the community.

The need for the government to solve problems.

Liberals

46

When increasing numbers of voters choose not to identify with either of the two parties and consider themselves to be independents.

dealignment

47

A phenomenon that occurs when a group grows large enough to change the political balance in the electorate.

tipping

48

Voters who are not bound by party identification and who support candidates of different parties in different election years.

swing voters

49

Consists of all the candidates who have won elections and now hold public office (governor and members of the Texas legislature).

The party in government

50

Primaries and conventions that function briefly to nominate candidates, pass resolutions, adopt a party platform, and select delegates to party conventions at higher levels.

Temporary party organization

51

A document stating the aims and principles of a political party.

political platform

52

The lowest level of political party organization

Any citizen who voted in primary can attend

Attendance is very low

To adopt resolutions and name delegates to the county convention.

precinct conventions

53

To elect delegates for the state convention.

Delegates vote on adoption of resolutions to be considered at the state convention.

county and district conventions

54

Formal party-meetings

conventions

55

Approve party members nominated in primaries

Draft and approve party platform

Select 62 members to the state executive committee

state conventions

56

Permanent party organization in Texas:

the precinct chairs, county and district executive committees, state executive committees

57

Organizations of people who strive to influence public policy.

interest group

58

In 2003, Texas voters approved a referendum that amended the state's constitution to allow legislative caps on pain and suffering damages, known also as:

"non-economic damages"

59

Different types of interest groups:

economic - business, labor, agriculture

non-economic - patriotic, public interest, religious

mixed groups - education, race and gender

60

Efforts to limit liability in civil cases (bad for business):

tort reform

61

The direct contacting of public officials for the purpose of influencing decision makers:

lobbying

62

Answers questions, and provides information needed for making a decision.

Persuades a decision maker that the group’s goals have broad-based public support.

tools of pursuasion

63

The national NAACP won ____ , a profoundly important national case in which segregated public schools were declared unconstitutional.

Brown v. Board of Education

64

Many different interests compete to control government policy, and that their conflicting interests can balance out each other to provide good government. In other words, interest groups will win some battles and lose others; and that no group will win or lose all the time.

pluralism

65

The fact that there are many interest groups is meaningless because not all groups have the same power.

Major power is held by the largest corporations (concentration of power in a few hands).

elitist theory

66

Top 5 biggest lobbying teams in Texas;

AT&T, Energy Future Holdings Corp., Luminant Holding Co. LLC., Texas medical Assoc., TXU Energy Retail Co. LLC.