Anatomy and Physiology Lab

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created 5 years ago by Paige_Kile
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Quiz # 4
Subjects:
movement
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1

Gliding

nearly flat bone surfaces slide or glide over each other

2

flexion (flex- = bend)

decrease in the angle between bones of a joint

3

extension (exten- = to stretch out)

increase in angle between bones of a joint

4

hyperextension (hyper- = excessive)

excessive extension movement beyond normal position

5

adduction (ab- = toward)

move part toward midline

6

abduction (ab- = away, duct- = to lead)

move part away from midline

7

circumduction (circ- = circle)

move a distal part of an appendage in a circle

8

rotation (rota- = revolve)

turn on a pivot with a circle

9

elevation

upward movement raising body part vertically

10

depression

downward movement lowering body part vertically

11

protraction (pro- = in front of; trahere= to draw)

move a body part forward or anterior on a horizontal plane

12

retraction (retractare = to draw back)

move a body part forward or anterior on a horizontal plane

13

supination (supine = lying on the back)

turn palm of the hand to face forward, or, if arm is outstretched, turn palm downward

14

pronation (pronate = lying face downward)

turn palm of the hand to face backward, or, if arm is outstretched, turn palm downward

15

inversion

turn the sole of the foot inward

16

eversion

turn the sole of the foot outward

17

dorsiflexion

point your toes upward; stand on your heels

18

plantar flexion

point your toes downward; raise your heels