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1

What is the most common neonatal abdominal mass?

multicystic dysplasia

2

What is the most common neonatal adrenal mass?

adrenal hemorrhage

3

What is the most common childhood adrenal mass?

neuroblastoma

4

What is the most common neonatal renal mass?

multicystic dysplasia

5

What is the most common childhood renal mass?

Wilm's tumor

nephroblastoma

6

What is the #1 reason for portal hypertension in the world?

schistosomiasis

7

What is the #1 reason for portal hypertension in the US?

cirrhosis

8

What is the #1 reason for ascites?

portal hypertension

9

What is the #1 cause of cirrhosis?

alcohol liver disease

10

What is the #1 cause of portal hypertension?

cirrhosis

11

What is the most common benign tumor of the liver?

hemangioma

12

What is the most common primary malignancy of the liver?

metastasis

13

What is the most common metastasis to the liver?

colon

14

What is the most common primary malignancy of the liver?

hepatocellular carcinoma (hepatoma)

15

What is the most common malignant liver tumor in early childhood?

hepatoblastoma

16

What is the most common gallbladder disease

cholelithiasis

17

What is the most common cause of extra hepatic obstructive jaundice?

choledocholithiasis

18

What is the most common cause of malignant neoplasm obstructing the biliary tree?

pancreatic adenocarcinoma

19

What is the most common cause of acute pancreatitis?

biliary tract disease

chronic alcohol disease

20

What is the most common cause of hyper echoic pancreas in a child?

cystic fibrosis

21

What is the most common pancreatic pseudocyst in a child?

abdominal trauma

22

What is the most common islet cell tumor?

insulinoma

23

What is the most common renal fusion anomaly?

horseshoe kidneys

24

What is the most common solid renal mass in an adult?

renal cell carcinoma

25

What is the most common renal fungal disease?

candidiasis

26

What is the most common cause of acute renal failure?

acute tubular necrosis

27

What is the most common bladder malignancy?

transitional cell carcinoma

28

What is the most common correctable cause of male infertility?

varicocele

29

What is the most common extratesticular tumor?

adenomatoid tumor

30

What is the most common germ cell tumor?

seminoma

31

What is the most common reason for acute scrotal pain?

epididymitis

32

What is the most common causes of acute scrotal pain? 2

epididymitis / orchitis

torsion of the spermatic cord

33

What is the most common location of prostate cancer?

peripheral zone

34

What is the most common primary neoplasm of the spleen?

hemangioma

35

What is the most common cause of congestive splenomegaly in adults?

portal hypertension due to cirrhosis

36

What is the most common tumor to invade the IVC?

Renal Cell Carcinoma

37

What is the most common IVC filter?

Greenfield filter

38

What is the most common cause of abdominal aortic aneurysm?

artherosclreosis

39

What is the most common cause of obstruction in infants and typically occurs less than 1 year of age?

intussusception

40

What is the most common benign thyroid nodule?

adenoma

41

What is the most common thyroid cancer?

papillary carcinoma

42

What is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism?

Graves disease

43

What is the most common type of hyperparathyroidism?

primary hyperparathyroidism

44

What is the most common tumor of the hand or wrist?

ganglion cyst

45

What is the most common portal-systemic collateral?

gastroesophageal

46

What is the most common

...

47

What is the most common

...

48

What is the second most common benign liver mass?

Focal nodular hyperplasia