Anatomy & Physioloy: Urinary System

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created 8 years ago by jenkarmata
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Hesi Admission Assessment Exam Review 2nd edition
updated 8 years ago by jenkarmata
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College: Second year
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1

The urinary system consists of

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2 kidneys, 2 ureters, a urinary bladder & the urethra

2
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What does the kidneys do?

Filter the blood

3

The ureters are tubes that

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transport urine to the urinary bladder

4

Where is urine stored?

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The bladder

5

When urinating, urine will flow through the

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urethra

6

What are the functional units of the kidney?

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Nephrons

7

True/False~
The small coiled tubes (of the nephron) filter waste material out of blood brought to the kidney by the renal artery.

~TRUE~

8

The actual filtration process occurs through the __a__ in __b_____ of the nephron.

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a. glomerus
b. Bowman's capsule
* The glomerous is the red center & the capsule is what's surrounding it.

9

Filtration of the blood occurs through the _______ under the force of blood pressure.

glomerous

10

~True/False~
As the glomerular filtrate passes through the nephron, components needed by the body, such as water, glucose, and ions, leave the nephron by diffusion & reenter the blood

~TRUE~

11

Glomerular filtrate passes through the

nephron

12

Components from the passing glomerular filtrate that are needed by the body include

1. Water

2. Glucose

3. Ions

13

The water, glucose & ions that pass through the nephron, leave the nephron by

diffusion & reenter the blood

14

Water is reabsorbed at the ________ of the nephron.

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tubules
* Proximal tubule to be exact.

15

Where is water reabsorbed in the nephron?

Tubules

16

The final product produced by the millions of nephrons per kidney is

URINE

17

Is the male urethra a part of their reproductive system?

~YES~

18

Visual aid of urine formation

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