Fundamentals of Nursing 8th Edition chapter 7

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1

Leininger studied caring from what perspective?

Transcultural

2

What does transcultural perspective mean?

Caring as the essence and central of human need

Caring helps an individual or group improve a human condition

Caring helps protect, develop, nurture, and sustain people

Patients will heal quicker if they feel you care

3

Cultural Aspects of Care

Know the patients cultural norms for caring practice

Know their cultural practices regarding end of life

Know their cultural practices regarding removal of life support

Know who in the family is the best to provide presence or touch

4

What is Watson's theory of caring?

Promote healing and wholeness

Rejects the disease orientation to health care

Places care before cure

Emphasizes the nurse-patient relationship

5

What is Swanson's 5 theory of caring?

Knowing

Being with

Doing for

Enabling

Maintaining belief

6

What is Swanson's theory of caring?

Middle-range theory

Nurturing way of relating to a valued other, toward whom one feels a personal sense of commitment and responsibility.

7

What type of caring do both Watson and Swanson practice?

Transpersonal

8

What is Watson's model?

Transformative

9

What does transformative model mean?

The relationship that influences both the nurse and the patient for better or worse.

10

What is the patient's perspective of caring?

Patients value the affective dimension of nursing care.

Reassuring presence in the room

Recognize an individual as unique

Keeping a close and attentive eye on the situation

11

Swanson's Knowing

Striving to understand an event as it has meaning in the life of the other

12

Swanson's Being with

Being emotionally present to the other

13

Swanson's Doing for

Doing for the other as he or she would do for self if it were at all possible

14

Swanson's Enabling

Facilitating the other's passage through life transition (death, birth) and unfamiliar events

15

Swanson's Maintaining belief

Sustaining faith in the other's capacity to get through an event or transition and face a future with meaning

16

What is the ethic of caring

Concerned with the relationship between the patient and the nurse and the attitude of each other toward the other

17

What places the nurse as the patient's advocate who solves ethical dilemmas by creating a relationship?

Ethic of care

18

Gives priority to each patient as a unique being?

Ethic of care

19

Providing presence?

Being with

Body language

Listening

Eye contact

Tone of voice

Positive and encouraging attitude

20

What does Caring in Nursing Practice demonstrate?

Behaviors include being present, providing a caring touch, and listening. Caring is a product culture, values, experiences, and relationships with others.

21

Touch

Provides comfort

Creates a connection

Non-verbal communication provides comfort and security

22

Listening

Creates trust by interpreting and understanding -develops over time.

Opens the lines of communication-your full attention

Creates a mutual relationship-being aware of patient/family needs

23

Knowing the patient

The core process of clinical decision making

24

Aspects of knowing include

Responses to therapy, routines, and habits

Coping resources

Physical capacities and endurance-treat the patient is treating the family

25

What is spiritual care?

Health is achieved when a person can find a balance between his life values, goals, and belief systems and those of others.

26

Spirituality offers a sense of what?

Interpersonal and transpersonal connectedness

27

Interpersonal

Connected to self, others and environment

28

Transpersonal

exits when one is connected with God, and unseen force or higher power

29

What is family care?

A nurse discusses a patient's health care needs with his family. Know the family as well as you know the patient.

30

What are the challenges of caring?

Task-oriented Care

Technology

Improves Nurse-to-patient ratios

31

Nurses must be committed to caring and willing to establish relationships necessary for what?

Personal

Competent

Compassionate

Meaningful Nursing