Africa Vocab Terms

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created 5 years ago by stronlog000
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1

Basin

the tract of country that is drained by a river and its tributaries or drains into a lake or sea.

2

Aquifer

a body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater.

3

Canopy

a rooflike projection or shelter.

4

Berlin Conference

regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power

5

Pandemic

(of a disease) prevalent over a whole country or the world

6

Rai

a style of music fusing Arabic and Algerian folk elements with Western rock

7

Ashanti

a member of a people of south central Ghana

8

Commodity

a raw material or primary agricultural product that can be bought and sold, such as copper or coffee

9

AIDS

disease in which there is a severe loss of the body's cellular immunity, greatly lowering the resistance to infection and malignancy

10

Malaria

an intermittent and remittent fever caused by a protozoan parasite that invades the red blood cells. The parasite is transmitted by mosquitoes in many tropical and subtropical regions

11

Escarpment

a long, steep slope, especially one at the edge of a plateau or separating areas of land at different heights

12

Oasis

a fertile spot in a desert where water is found

13

Desertification

the process by which fertile land becomes desert, typically as a result of drought, deforestation, or inappropriate agriculture

14

Cash Crop

a crop produced for its commercial value rather than for use by the grower

15

Masai

a member of a pastoral people living in Tanzania and Kenya

16

Stateless Society

stateless society is a society that is not governed by a state, or has no government

17

Apartheid

(in South Africa) a policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race.

18

Diversify

make or become more diverse or varied

19

Cholera

an infectious and often fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine, typically contracted from infected water supplies and causing severe vomiting and diarrhea

20

Tuberculosis

an infectious bacterial disease characterized by the growth of nodules (tubercles) in the tissues, especially the lungs