Axial Bones Flashcards


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created 7 years ago by aba77189
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80 total the skull, vertebral column, the rib cage, the auditory ossicles and the hyoid bone
updated 7 years ago by aba77189
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1

Orange: Frontal
Red: Parietal (2)
Brown: temporal(2)
Green: Occipital

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2

Stephnoid

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Blue bone Under cheeks

3

Ethmoid

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Green Bone under nose

4

Nasal bone (2)

Zygomatic bone (2)

Maxillary Bone (2)

Mandible

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Purple Bone:

Green Bone around eyes:

Cheek bone:

Chin bone:

5
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Vomer

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Yellow Bone above teeth:

6
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Lacrimal Bones (2)

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Pink Bone inside eye

7
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Inferior Nasal Conchae (2)

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Purple Bone Behind Nose

8
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Palatine Bones (2)

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Green Bones Behind Inferior Nasal Conchae

9

Cervical Vertebrae

-have three formina

-smallesta nd the lightest compared to other vertebrae

-Some have Bifid spinous process (bifurcated-split into two)

-there are seven cervical vertebrae

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10

Vertebral Foramen

Spinous Process

Transverse Process

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Hole in the Middle:

Projection on the top of the vertebrae:

Projections on the side of the vertebrae:

11

Atlas

-1rst Cervical Vertebrae and only one without a body

-has two superior articulate faucets

-provide for range of motion and nodding your head "yes"

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12

Axis

-2nd Cervical Vertebrae

-Has a special superior process called the "dens" or odontoid process

-Provides range of motion for shaking your head "no"

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13

Thoracic Vertebrae

-There are 12 of these

-Medium size (attach to ribs)

-Long, narrow spinous process that commonly slants inferiorly

-Facets on the transverse process that articulate with the ribs

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14

Lumbar Vertebrae

-There are 15 of these

-Thick spinous process that extends horizontally

-no transverse foramina

-no rib Facets

-Largest bodies

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15
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Sacrum and Coccyx

-coccyx is three to five fused bones

-tail bone

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16

-The first seven pairs are true ribs because their coastal cartilage attaches directly to the sternum. --The next five pairs are false ribs because their coastal cartilage does not attach directly to the sternum

-Pairs 11 and 12 are floating ribs because they do not attach to the sternum

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True Ribs:

False Ribs:

Floating Ribs:

17

The Sternum

-has three parts

-The Manubrium (top part)

-The body (middle/main part)

-The Xiphoid process (the lowest tip)

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18

Hyoid Bone

-horseshoe shaped bone in the neck between chin and thyroid cartilage

-only distantly articulate to other bones through muscles and ligaments

-important for swallowing and sound production

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19

Ethmoid

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20
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Lacrimal Bone

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21
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Maxillary Bone

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22

Nasal Bones

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23

Mandible Teeth

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24

Maxilla Teeth

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25
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Palatine Bones

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26
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sphenoid Bone

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27

sternum

know manubrium and xyphoid process

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28
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Zygomatic Bones

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29

Axis was on there w dens

Temporal bone w zygomatic arch

sphenoid w lesser and greater wings

lumbar vertebrae

nasal bones

palatine bones

all the sutures

one of the questions i had was which bone is a facial bone - answer was lacrimal bone

know true and false ribs

mandible was on there w condylar process

Another question was which is not a vertebrae and gives curvature to the spine - answer was pelvic bone

my practical