A&P II

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1

laminar flow

rapid flow through the middle of a vessel

2

turbulent flow

irregular fluid motion, due to rough or protruding areas of the vessel walls, or even a small vessel diameter

3

mean arterial pressure (MAP) formula

diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)

4

Cardiac Output formula (ml/min)

heart rate (beats/min) x stroke volume (ml/beat)

5

average adult cardiac output

72 bpm x 70ml/min = 5000ml/min = 5 L/min

***entire body blood volume is circulated in 1 minute

6

highest cardiac output (C.O. of olympians)

25 L / min

7

cardiac control center of the brain

medula oblongata

8

pacemaker of the heart

sinoatrial (SA) node

9

Frank-Starling Law

Venous Return (VR) must = Cardiac Output (CO)

**due to the stretching of cardiac cells; they are able to do more work

10

arteriosclerosis

cholesterol deposits are mede on artery walls