Health and Illness

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created 9 years ago by SOCO
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updated 9 years ago by SOCO
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1

Immunizing children against measles is an example of which of the following levels of preventive care?

Primary care

2

Referring an HIV+ pt to a local support group is an example of which of the following levels of preventive care?

Tertiary

3

In which of the following stages of acute illness does the patient decide to accept the diagnosis and follow the prescribed treatment plan?

Stage 3
Assuming a dependent role

4

Which of the following best describes a period of remission in a patient with a chronic illness?

Symtoms are not experienced

5

During the recovery and rehabilitation stage of illness, the person who is ill is expected to do which of the following?

Give up the dependent role

6

Needs are an integral part of each person's human dimension. Which needs are met when a person feels a sense of belonging to a group or community and being loved by others?

sociocultural needs

7

The following are stages of acute illness behaviors according to Suchman(1965)

Stage 1-Experiencing symptoms
Stage 2-Assuming the sick role
Stage 3-Assuming a dependent role
Stage 4-Achieving recovery and rehabilitation

8

Acute Illness:
Stage 1

Experiencing symptoms
The first indication of an illness usually is recognizing 1 or more symptoms that are incompatible with one's personal definition of health.

9

Acute Illness:
Stage 2

Assuming the sick role
The person now defines himself or herself as being sick, seeks validation of this experience from others, give up normal activity and assumes the "sick role."

10

Acute Illness:
Stage 3

Assuming a dependent role
The patients decision to accept the diagnosis and follow the prescribed treatment plan. The person conforms to the opinions of others, often requires assistance in carrying out ADL and needs emotional support through acceptance, approval, physical closeness and protection

11

Acute Illness:
Stage 4

Achieving recovery and rehabilitation
The person gives up the dependent role and resumes normal activities and responsibilities.

12

Health promotion and illness prevention:
Primary

Is directed toward promoting health and preventing the development of disease processes or injury. Health risk assessments are an important part.

13

Health promotion and illness prevention:
Secondary

Focuses on screening for early detection of disease with prompt diagnosis and treatment of those found. The goal is to identify an illness, reverse or reduce the severity of the disease or provide a cure and thereby return the individual to maximum health as quickly as possible.

14

Health promotion and illness prevention:
Tertiary

Begins after an illness is diagnosed and treated to reduce disability and to help rehabilitate patients to a maximum level of functioning.