Ethics section 3 Final

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created 9 years ago by Bixl1579
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Phil 143
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1

What is Aristotle's virtue ethics.

we fulfill our distinctive function as human being which is to live in accordance with reason.

2

Aristotles purpose of being human

to seek happiness - eudaimonia

3

Aristotle's eudamonia

being fulfilled as human beings

4

What are Aristotle two virtues and how are they acquired

Intellectual virtue - teaching
Moral virtue - practice

5

Aristotle 4 things to flourish as a human being

1. practice of moral virtue
2. sufficent material posessions
3. good physical health
4. close freindships

6

What is the Doctrine of mean

a virtuous act or feeling that achieves the proper balance between excess and deficiency

7

explain how virtue ethics is relative not subjective

...

8

Obligation virtues vs. good promoting vs. limiting virtues with examples.

obligation - fulfill moral obligations ex. promise keeping
good promoting virtues - serve to promote specific values or goods ex. generosity
Limiting Virtues - serve to control or manage our inclinations and feelings (courage)

9

explain how limiting virtues are neutral with regard to virtue and vice

because it can be both a virtue or a vice. NO moral value purely in themselves.

10

What are three different categories for virtues?

Obligation
good promoting
limiting