location: Northeast Africa
Major River: Nile River
location: Middle East
Major River: Tigris Rivers and Euphrates River
Developed Cuneiform (writing system)
Code Of Hammurabi
Oldest written laws in the world that is known for it's strict punishments of crime (eye for an eye)
Civilizations in India
Gupta Dynasty and Caste System
considered the Golden Age of India since there were many achievements in art, literature, math, and science. Created the number zero in mathematics
A social hierarchy of India in which people were born into a social class (a caste). People can not move up or down in the caste system.
Civilizations in China
The Qin Dynasty and the Han Dynasty
The Qin Dynasty
Lasted 15 years, rulers based their government on the philosophy of legalism
Lasted 400 years, and had successful trade routes.
long trade route the extended about 4,000 miles from China to Europe
religion that originally started in India, belief in reincarnation and karma
the idea that after humans die, their souls are reborn into another body
originated in India, founded by Siddhartha Gautama (Budda), similar to Hinduism (Reincarnation + Karma), goal is to reach nirvana, Nirvana can be reached when people accept the Four Noble Truths
Four Noble Truths
The idea that all of life is suffering and is caused by selfish desires
(China) Philosophy based on the idea that humans are evil and that harsh punishments are needed in order to prevent crime and keep order in society
(China) The Five Relationships (the idea that every single person has specific roles and obligations that must be followed in order to keep order and stability in society)
Main religion in Japan, believes all living and nonliving things in nature (ex. trees, mountains, rivers, animals, etc) have a spirit.
started in Great Britain (England) because of all the natural resources they had.
Machines were used to produce goods in factories
The growth in cities, people came to the urban cities to get jobs in factories
Governments passed laws to set minimum wage and end child labor
When a strong country conquers and takes over a weaker country/ colony
A feeling of love, loyalty, and devotion to one's country. One who feels this way is called a nationalist.
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WW1, Germany was forced to take the blame for the cause of the war, Germany was forced to pay 400 billion dollars for damage repairs.
known for his nonviolent civil disobedience acts, the symbol of peace and human rights. Freed the Indians from Britain's power
Created a salt march to protest against the British tax on salt by getting their own salt from the ocean.