Pharm Comp Ch. 22

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Sterile Compounding
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1

aseptic technique

preparing and handling sterile products in a manner that prevents microbial contamination

2

autoclave

a sterilizing machine. an autoclave uses a combination of heat, steam and pressure to sterilize equipment

3

beyond use date

date after which a product is no longer effective and should not be used

4

chemical sterilization

a method of cleaning equipment used for instruments that cannot be exposed to the high temperatures of steam sterilization

5

conjunctiva

mucous membranes of the eyes

6

disinfection

ability to kill microorganisms on the surface of various items. it can be accomplished by use of a chemical disinfectant or by boiling

7

dry heat sterilization

a method of sterilization that uses heated dry air at a temperature of 320-362 degrees F for 90 minutes to 3 hours.

8

gas sterilization

the use of a gas such as ethylene oxide to sterilize medical equipment

9

laminar airflow hood

a system of circulating filtered air in parallel-flowing planes in hospitals or other health care facilities. the system reduces the risk of airborne contamination and exposure to chemical pollutants in surgical theaters, food preparation areas, hospital pharmacies, and laboratories

10

medical asepsis (clean technique)

complete destruction of organisms after they leave the body

11

parenterel

injected directly into body tissue through skin and veins

12

piggyback (IVPB)

a vial of medication is added to an IV medication by removing the contents of the vial via a syringe and injecting it into the IV bag of medication

13

sanitation

a process of cleansing to remove undesirable debris

14

sterilization

complete destruction of all forms of microbial life

15

surgical asepsis

the complete destruction of organisms before they enter the body

16

total parenteral nutrition (TPN)

nutrition system involving the intravenous infusion directly into a vein of lipids, proteins, electrolytes, sugars salts, vitamins and essential elements

17

normal flora

non-pathogens

18

compounding records

mixing reports used to document the activities undertaken during the compounding process