AST Bonus Science Review Questions #2
Where does the exchange of gases take place in the lung?
One of the distinguishing features of viruses is that they are:
Which of the following would have a positive effect on wound healing?
Which of the following is a hypertrophic scar formation?
Where is cerebrospinal fluid formed?
Which of the following arteries supplies blood top the brain?
The preoperative medication used to neutralize stomach acidity is:
Sodium citrate (Bi-Citra)
Which of the following are prokaryotic?
Which of the following is a passive drain that allows fluid to exit by capillary action?
The colon ends at the:
Which of the following is a narcotic antagonist?
Naloxone Hydrochloride (Nacran)
The combining form meaning gland is:
Which of the following ligaments suspends the uterus?
What type of scar formation is considered Hypertrophic?
Diuretics are used Intraoperatively to:
Decrease intracranial pressure
The type of surgical laser is determinate by its:
What does the prefix "contra-" mean?
The brain contains how any ventricles?
The anatomical structure that creates cerebrospinal fluid is the:
Which salivary gland is drained by Stinson's duct?
The type of fracture that is caused by forcing one bone upon another is called:
Irregular snapped bones that develop in the sutures of the skull are called:
Which term refers to the end of a bone?
Which of the following is the most inert in tissue?
Immediately after receiving a medication, the surgical technologist in the scrub role should:
Label the edcation
What classification is a Bake surgical instrument?
The wavelength of laser light:
Ranges from infrared to deep ultraviolet
Which laser should not be used in the presence of clear fluids?
The abnormal enlargement of the male breast is called:
What is the classification of Surgilon?
Synthetic nonabsorbable multifilament
The inferior portion of the brain stem is the:
In which surgical procedure would blunt needles be used:
The second cervical vertebra is called the:
The largest ball-and-socket joint is the:
What does the suffix -otomy mean?
The inner most layer of the eye is called the:
The colon begins at the:
Which of the following makes up the inner tunic of the eye and receives images?
An example of a flat bone is the:
Laser light travels:
In a straight line
What is the primary function of the islets of Langerhans?
Maintain blood sugar levels
1cc of solution is equivalent to:
What does the abbreviation NPO mean?
Nothing by mouth
The prefix "hemi-" means:
A solid granular mass that develops on the ovary after the release of an ovum is the:
Muscle is attached to bone by:
Which of the following is a monofilament nonabsorbable suture?
The abnormal congenital opening of the male urethra on the underside of the pens is referred as:
All of the medication inhibit blood coagulation, except:
A patient with indirect and direct hernia has what type of hernia?
What degrees is 89.6 Fahrenheit equal to in Celsius?
Which of the following is a large vein that drains the head?
The smallest microorganism known are:
Which of the following is the outer layer of the colon?
Which of the following structures are found in the ventricles of the heart?
Microfibrillar collagen (Abilene) is a/an:
A curved, tapered surgical needle is used most often on what type of tissue?
What is the pharmacological action of hydrocortisone?
The passage of fluid and dissolved material into the thin membrane of a cell wall is:
The suffix the refers to suturing is:
Which combining form means eyelid?
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart caused by bacteria is known as:
What portion of the back table is considered sterile once the sterile field has been establish?
Only the top
Which laser beam can travel through clear tissues without eating them?
The thyroid glands consist of right and left lobes joined by the:
The use of silk suture in urinary or biliary tract may result in:
Which nerve is affected by carpal tunnel syndrome?
Which division of the nervous system controls involuntary muscle contractions?
Which of the following glands regulates body temperature?
Which two drug classification are combined to produce neuroleptanalgesia?
Tranquilizer and narcotic
Removal of necrotic tissue is called:
Cramplike pains in the lower leg caused by poor blood circulation to the lower leg muscles is called:
The gram stain differentiates between:
When opening an enveloped-folded wrapper containing a sterile item the first flap is opened:
Away from self
Which nasal sinus is entered through an eyebrow incision?
Craniosynostosis is a/an:
Premature closure of cranial sutures
Which of the following joints permits movement in only one plane?
What is the general rule for prepping a contaminated area?
Prep the surrounding area last and the contaminated area first, using a separate sponge
The kneecap is also known as the:
Topical administration of drugs includes all the following, except:
Which quadrant is the appendix located?
Albumin, globulin, and fibrinogen are:
A projection on the surface of a bone located above a Cordele is called a:
The peripheral nervous system contains:
Cranial and spinal nerves
The olecranon process is part of which bone?
The vertebrae are examples of what type of bone?
Which of the following medical terms refers to skin:
Retinal detachment is due to:
Leakage of liquid from vitreous cavity
Softening of the bone is called?
Which of the following refers to the ability of the body to maintain a normal internal environment?
Which of the following is used to perform Schiller's test?
The roof of the mouth is called the:
Which chemical hemostatic agent must never be injected?
What pathological term refers to failure of the lower esophageal muscle to relax?
What does the suffix "-stasis" mean?
Stopping, staring still;
Which of the following terms refers to the level of honesty and integrity that every surgical technologist must uphold in the delivery of quality patient care?
The mucous membrane covering the eye is called the:
The small intestine begins at the:
What clotting factor does fibrinogen react with to form fibrin during the clotting process?
Streptokinase is used as a/an:
Which of the following are eukaryotic?
Which term refers to low blood volume?
Turning the hand so that the palm is upward is referred as:
The foramen magnum is an opening in which bone?
The number of pairs of cranial nerves is:
Intestinal motility is called:
Healthcare associated infections refers to:
Hospital acquired infections
Which of these local anesthetics is long acting?
Spherically-Shaped bacteria that occur in chains are referred to as:
Cephalosporins are a/an:
Which of the following diseases is the result of invasion by a pathogen?
Atheroma within the lumen of an artery is called:
What type of suture is used for tendon repair?
Which of the following is a type of inflammatory bowel disease with chronic inflammation of the intestine?
What does the number 4 represent in the decimal 0.02457?
What is the outermost layer of the skin?
Which syringe is the most appropriate for administering a local anesthetic?
The bone that articulates with the distal tibia and fibula is the:
Which directional term refers to the middle of the body?
What is the correct order of the layers of the manages anterior to posterior?
Dura, arachnoid, pia
The structure connecting the spinal cord with the brain is the:
The invasion of pathogens within the tissues of a host is called:
Reduced blood flow to an area is:
The fraction 1/4 is equal to:
Which non-absorbable suture may be used in the presence of infection?
The presence of pathogenic microorganisms in the blood or tissues is called:
Endorphins, enkephalins, dopamine, and serotonin are example of:
What cellular organelle serves as the site of protein synthesis?
Microorganisms that grow best with a low level of oxygen supply are:
The number ox extrinsic ocular muscles that control eye movement is:
The cranial nerve that may be injured during carotid endarterectomy is the:
The term staphylococcus is the arrangement of:
Cocci in cluster
Viruses reproduce by:
Host cell metabolism
A clinical symptom of shock is:
The normal pouches of the large intestine are called:
Which of the following bacteria requires oxygen?
What is the function of the Bartholin's glands?
Which of the following absorbable sutures offers the longest duration of wound support?
Any instance in which a local anesthetic is injected to block or anesthetize a nerve is called:
The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is:
Decrease the clotting time
A method of anesthesia in which anesthetic medication is injected into the subarachnoid space is a/an:
Microorganisms that have the ability to adapt to an aerobic environment are:
Bone grafts are usually taken from the:
The fifth cranial nerve is also called the:
The outer covering of the heart is called the:
Which of the following is the most common cause of a surgical site infection?
Patients endogenous flora
Which of the following is the staining characteristic of gram-negative organisms?
The diencephalon is composed of the:
Thalamus and hypothalamus
Narcotic analgesics produce their effects by:
Minimizing pain perception
Which of the following is a life-treating allergic reaction?
Before donning the sterile gown and gloves the surgical technologist must:
Perform a surgical hand and arm scrub
Which of the following can be achieved with the use of electrocautery?
Antibiotics given to prevent postoperative infection are considered:
The largest part of the brain is the:
The longest bone in the body is the:
What does the term hepat/o mean?
The folds of the lining in the stomach are:
The function of the sphincter of Odd is to control the flow of:
Bile into the duodenum
Heparin is measured in:
Which agent is used to perform a chromotubation?
The purpose of the Foley catheter is to:
Drain the bladder in order to avoid injury
The only non-articulating bone in the body is the:
Millimeter (mm) is a unit used to measure:
What does the prefix inter- mean?
What is known as the measure of force required to break a suture?
The first cervical vertebra is called the:
The suffix meaning blood condition is:
What organ of the body contains booth striated and smooth muscle?