AST Bonus Science Review questions #1
What is the name of the condition when the foreskin of the penis cannot be retracted to normal position?
What shape are bacilli?
What type of stapling device is used to perform a low anterior anastomosis?
EEA (end-to-end anastomosis) stapler
Which division of the autonomic nervous system is responsible for the "fight-or-flight" response?
Surgical puncture of the joint space with a needle for synovial fluid drainage is called:
Excessive secretion of growth hormones in adults causes:
Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of the:
What term refers to voluntary skeletal muscle?
The suffix -pexy means?
Fixation, to put in place
Which part of the neuron conducts impulses away from the cell body?
The prefix pseudo- means?
Disruption of previously sutured tissue layers is:
An inanimate object upon which pathogens may be conveyed is referred to as a:
The hormone responsible for the development and maintenance of the female secondary sex characteristics is:
Name the four muscles in the shoulder joint:
Infraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularus, supraspinatus
A foreign substance that stimulates the production of antibodies is an:
The suffix -lysis means?
Diatrizoate megulmine (Hypaque or Renografin) or lothalamute meglumine (conray) are examples of:
The small intestine is divided into how many sections?
Name the three sections of the small intestine:
Duodenum, jejunum, ileum
Epidural anesthesia involves the administration of an anesthetic agent into the space surrounding the:
The electrical component of the heart that causes contraction of the ventricles is the:
What is an action of antimicrobials?
Inhibit bacterial cell wall synthesis
The anatomical landmark located at the proximal, lateral portion of the femoral shaft is the:
The primary stabilizing ligament of the knee which is attached to the posterior lateral:
What type of bone are carpal bones?
Carpal bones are found in what location of the body?
The prefix para- means?
A direct or indirect inguinal hernia indicates a tear in:
The bending of the foot downward at the ankle joint is called:
What section of vertebra have ribs attached to them?
What organ produces bile?
Cocci is what shape of bacteria?
Lack of control over urination is called:
What agent is used to perform an intraoperative cholangiogram?
Hypaque meglumine (Hypaque)
What does the thymus gland produce for the immune response?
Which cranial nerve arises from the medulla and innervates the cervical, thoracic and abdominal regions?
The total number of vertebrae in the adult is:
The medical term for the chest is:
Cholecystectomy is removal of the:
Osteocytes are cells of the:
What is the medical term for the calf muscle?
The suffix -malacia refers to:
For which tissue type would a cutting needle be contraindicated?
What would effect normal wound healing?
Peripheral vascular disease
The nuclear material of the bacterial cell has been found to:
Exist as a single molecule of DNA
Escherichia coli is normally present inside what anatomical structure?
What nerve innervates the breast?
In which fossa is the cerebellum located?
Omnipaque, a water soluble iodine-based contrast medium is used for:
Tetanus and botulism are caused by organisms of the genus:
Name the three phases of first intention wound healing:
Lag (inflammatory response), proliferation and maturation
Ethibond is what type of suture?
Growth in a long bone occurs at the:
Air in the pleural cavity is:
The initial result of fertilization of gametes is a:
The thorax is formed posteriorly by the:
Twelve thoracic vertabrae
The seventh cranial nerve is called the:
What does the term cephalalgia mean?
The prefix brady- means?
What does (parenteral route of drug administration) mean:
By injection, it includes intradermal, subcutaneous, intramuscular, and intravenous
Misalignment or deviation of the eye is:
Following administration, most of the drugs are converted to less active or inactive substances called:
Hemorrhaging that occurs between the skull and other meningeal covering is a:
If a suture strand hangs or extends over the sterile table edge, the surgical technologist in the scrub role should:
Consider the suture contaminated and discard it
The term pharmacodynamics means:
Interaction between drugs and target cells
A relationship between two kinds of organisms that live together for mutual benefit
Hemostasis means to:
Arrest blood flow
What type of tissue is cartilage?
Heparin is classified as an:
Enlargement of the veins of the spermatic cord is a:
Red blood cells are also known as:
The standard volume for an asepto syringe is approximately:
In what process does destruction of cells occur?
Diabetes mellitus places a patient at a higher risk for developing:
Retinopathy that results in blindness
The pectoral girdle is formed by the:
Scapula and clavical
Tubercle bacillus is found in the:
Does the hyoid bone articulate with another bone?
The adrenal cortex secretes:
Rickettsial disease of humans is transmitted by:
Antibiotics are commonly administered intraoperatively by what route?
The scroll-like ridges on the lateral walls of the nasal cavity are called the:
What drug is added to a local anesthetic to decrease bleeding?
Inherited deficiencies of coagulation in which bleeding occurs spontaneously after minor trauma is called:
When an anesthetized patient's position is changed from trendelenburg to dorsal recumbent, he/she should be moved slowly to prevent:
The cranial nerve that innervates the larynx and pharynx is the:
Cefazolin (Anacef) is a:
Ethrane, Nitrous oxide, and Fluothane are what?
What is atropine used for?
Resucitation, bradycardia (extremely low heart rate)
Bolsters are used with retention sutures to:
Prevent skin lacerations
Pulse oximetry involves the noninvasive measurement of what arterial blood saturation level?
Which bone of the skull is most superior?
A dissociative drug that produces a short-term, trance-like state and hallucinations is:
What is a commonly used type of anesthesia for obstetric and perineal procedures?
The basic unit of length in the metric system is the:
The process by which leukocytes engulf and destroy bacteria is called:
The motor-sensory cranial nerve that innervates the tongue is the:
Osteoarthritis is what type of disease?
Degenerative joint disease
Osteoporosis causes the bones to become:
weak and break easily
The accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain of children is known as:
A thick-walled, highly resistant body formed within a bacterial cell is a:
The C-shaped rings of the trachea are composed of:
An enzyme extracted from bovine blood that is used as a topical hemostatic agent is:
The 126 bones that compose the upper and lower extremities of the body is called the:
The absorption of a drug depends upon:
Dosage of drug, Route of administration, and Type of drug preparation
An angulated fracture of the distal radius is a:
Which cranial nerve is responsible for the sense of smell?
What is the purpose of the surgical hand scrub?
Reduce the microbial count
The end of a long bone is the:
A combining form meaning kidney is:
The tall-like distal fibers of the spinal cord form the:
What is an external mechanical method of hemostasis?
A dilation of the arterial wall is called:
Organisms that are highly resistant to destruction and can survive a harsh environment are:
The suffix -rrhea means:
Where are the malleus, incus, and stapes located?
A miotic drug is:
Neurons that conduct impulses to the spinal cord and brain are called:
A microscopic blood exam that estimates the percentages of each type of white cell within a sample is called:
Differential blood count
What suture is treated with a salt solution to decrease the rate of absorption?
When the vertebral column develops an abnormal lateral curve, the condition is called:
Can an opened sterile bottle of saline or water may be recapped carefully for later use?
No, once opened it must be used
Multiplication of a cell into separate cells is known as:
The rounded portion of the uterus superior to the uterine tubes is called the:
The medication warfarin inhibits:
A drug used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is:
The major difference between procaryotic cells and eucaryotic cells is:
Eucaryotic cells have a well-defined nuclear membrane whereas procaryotic cells have no true nucleus
The inner lining of the heart is called the:
What condition would exist if a patient had a white blood cell count of 12,500?
What is the function of hemoglobin?
What is an electrical recording of heart activity?
The primary mode of airborne bacteria in the operating room is the:
The parotid gland is what type of gland?
What virus is the precursor to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome?
Would retraction be an action of a stapling device?
The acromion process is a part of which bone?
What term would mean the rupture of a wound with protrusion of abdominal contents?
The thick, crescent-shaped pads of cartilage that rest on the upper articular surface of the tibia are the:
What portion of the sterile gown is considered non-sterile once it has been donned?
How many millimeters are in one meter?
The heel bone of the foot is called?
The shaft of a bone is known as the:
A virus that infects a bacterial cell is called a:
Another name for spongy bone is:
What suture size would be used for ophthalmic procedures?
The true ribs articulate anteriorly with the:
The suffix -trophy means:
Which intension of healing occurs in a wound with a large loss of tissue?
Which class of surgical wound has the highest rate of infection?
What type of anaerobic bacteria is the cause of gas gangrene?
What is the pharmacological classification of Furosemide?
What suture has the highest tensile strength but poor handling qualities?
Lasix is a:
The ability of a microbe to move by itself can be provided by:
The most common side effect of drugs include________, ________, __________ .
Diarrhea and vomiting, Dizziness and drowsiness, Nausea and vomiting.
The arousal from general anesthesia after cessation of the anesthetic agent is called:
What is another name for a stick tie?
Childbirth labor may be induced by:
The finger-like projections on the end of the fallopian tubes are:
What are the six RIGHTS?
Right patient, right drug, right dose, right route of administration, right time and frequency, right documentation and labeling.
What is a seminal tract accessory gland that surrounds the urethra?
Agar is a:
Agent used to solidify growth media in the microbiology laboratory
What is the trade name for polyglactin 910?
The prefix that means above or upon is:
A tendon is defined as a structure that attaches:
Muscle to bone
The upper portion of the stomach is called the:
Which type of needle point would be selected for use on tendon or skin?
The left coronary artery divides into the:
Anterior interventricular and circumflex arteries