Psych & Dev 2314 Flashcards


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1

What is the first step of the scientific method?

draw conclusions

test the hypothesis

* pose a question

develop a hypothesis

2

In the sic of human development "nurture" refers to

universal traits

biological traits

* environmental influences

unique traits

3

The idea that change does not always occur in a straight line defines the ___ characteristic of development.

multicontexual

multicultural

plasticity

* multidirectional

4

Language learning is considered

continious process

* sensitive period

critical period

socioeconomic factor

5

Throughout his life, Bronfenbrenner

ignored the impact of the mesosystem

did not acknowledge how systems interacted

* emphasized studying humans in natural settings

argued against the bioecological perspective

6

the microsystem includes

school and church

local institutions

* family and peers

larger social settings

7

What does "socioeconomic status" refer to?

race

culture

*social class

cohort

8

Epigenetic theory arises from

biology, genetics and history

education, anthropology, and history

education biology and genetics

*biology, genetics, and neuroscience

9

Development is the result of interaction between biological and environmental forces. this statement most closely describes

behaviorist theory

pshychoanalytic theory

*epigenetic theory

sociocultural theory

10

According to Freud, each stage of development in the first 6 yrs of life is characterized by

*sexual pleasure

psychosocial conflict

inappropriate sexual behavior

classical conditioning

11

A major difference between Erickson and Freud is that

*freud emphasized psychosexual development, whereas Erickson emphasized psychosocial development.

Freud emphasized adulthood, whereas Erickson emphasized childhood

Freud emphasized the child's relationship to the family, whereas Erickson emphasized the childs relationship to his or her own sexual urges

Freud thought that father's had little role in development whereas Erickson saw fathers as central to development.

12

At what age does Ericsson's stage of identity versus role confusion occur?

infancy

school-age

*adolescence

adulthood

13

Behaviorist are also referred to as

analytical theorists

cognitive theorists

*learning theorists

eclectric theorists

14

The type of learning in which either a reinforcement or punishment follows a particular behavior is called

*operant conditioning

classical conditioning

respondent conditioning

Pavlovian conditioning

15

Social learning theory was first described by

*Bandura

16

In which of Plagets stages would one expect to see the development of an interest in ethics, politics, and social and moral issues?

concrete operational

symbolic

*formal operational

logical

17

five year old Jada is learning to speak dutch. in this example, what would be the primary domain of development

psychosocial

biological

*cognitive

physical

18

In an experiment tests of significance are used to

determine whether the results are scientifically important

*indicate how much one variable affects another

indicate whether the results might have occurred by chance