Medical surgical Nursing

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created 8 years ago by SOCO
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1

Personal protective equipment:
Level A

Worn when the highest level of respiratory, skin, eye and mucous membrane protection is required. Includes: Self-contained breathing apparatus(SCBA)in the prehospital arena, fully encapsulating vapor-tight, chemical resistant suit with chemical resistant gloves and boots

2

Personal protective equipment:
Level B

Similar to Level A and is selected when the highest level Resp. protection but a lesser level of skin and eye protection. Includes: SCBA and a chemical resistant suit.

3

Personal protective equipment:
Level C

Protection requires the air-purified respirator (APR), which uses filters or sorbent materials to remove harmful substances from the air. A chemical-resistant coverall with splash hood, chemical-resistant gloves and boots

4

Personal protective equipment:
Level D

Protection is basically the work uniform

5

Levels most often used in hospital facilities

Level C and Level D

6

Common chemical agents of chemical warfare

Nerve agents, Blood agents, vesciant agents, pulmonary agents

7

Nerve agents

Most toxic, inexpensive,effective in small quantities and easily dispersed. In liquid form,evaporates into a colorless, odorless vapor
Examples: Sarin, Soman, Organophosphates(pesticides, Tabun,VX

8

Signs and symtoms of nerve agents

Nerve gas exposure are those of cholinergic crisis and include: Bilteral miosis, visual disturbances,N/V,diarrhea,incresed secretions, GI motility, brochospasm

9

Treatment for nerve agents

Copious amouns of Soap&H20,supportive care,Benzodiazepine, Pralidoxime, Atropine

10

Vesicants Agents

Blistering agents