EXS 312 Measurement & Evaluation of Physical Activity
Describe what a qualitative measurement is
Qualitative aspects are abstract; they either do not require measurement or cannot be measured because the reality they represent can only be approximated. Knowledge of these aspects is gained through observation combined with interpretative understanding of the underlying thing or phenomenon.
Assigning “very good” to an individual’s performance and rating a team’s performance on the basketball floor as “average” are examples of qualitative measurement information.
Describe what a quantitative measurement is
Expressible by quantity; susceptible to measurement.
The body mass index, percentage of successful first serves in a tennis match, the time in a mile run, a blood pressure reading, the number of questions answered correctly on a written examination, and the rating attained on an activity interest survey are some examples of quantitative information derived from measurement techniques.
What is the difference between a quantitative & qualitative measurement?
Qualitative measurements are descriptive of the characteristics of a subject. Qualitative measurements are based on the quality.
the task of administering a test for the purpose of obtaining a qualifying score or qualitative rating.
a test is an all-encompassing term that refers to instruments, protocols, or techniques used to measure a quality or quantity of properties of attributes of interest.
Forms of testing
Written, psychomotor, physiological, psychological, or mechanical.
Evaluation refers to the translation of test results into meaningful information that will aid physical education and exercise science professional in making judgments and unbiased decisions about the data obtained through measurement.
The term assessment has become more popular in the last 10-20 years, especially among educators. Assessment is the process of gathering information, analyzing data/information, and then making an evaluation based on those results. Assessment requires both measurement & evaluation.
Regular ____ is necessary to improve and sustain excellence within your program.
Advocating your program with effective ______ strategies is a necessity
Related to the issue of diagnosis is the measurement strategy of
It is appropriate to use measurement tools for ______ of strengths, weaknesses, or needs of an individual or group.
Healthy People 2020 Vision:
A society in which all people live long, healthy lives.
Healthy People Mission
1. Identify nationwide health improvement priorities
2. Increase public awareness & understanding of the determinants of health, disease, and disability, and the opportunities for progress.
3. Provide measurable objectives and goals that are applicable at the state, national, and local levels.
4. Engage multiple sectors to take actions to strengthen policies and improve practices that are driven by the best available evidence and knowledge.
5. Identify critical research, evaluation, and data collection needs.
program goals should involve the learning domains. In adult fitness programs, it may be appropriate not to include psychomotor domain but instead focus on the health-related physical fitness, cognitive, and affective domains. Physical education curricula should include goals specific to each of the four domains.
In physical education and exercise science settings, properties & attributes relating to _________ are subject to testing.
cognitive knowledge, components of fitness, values, general motor skills, and motor skills specific to certain activities are subject to testing.
what is reliability and validity and why are they important to accurate testing?
The reliability of the test refers to the precision, consistency, or repeatability of the measurement.
the validity of a test is the degree to which it measures what it purports to measure.
What is measurement?
Measurement is the process of collecting data on the property or attribute of interest.
what are the important aspects to get quality measurements
Measurement should be as precise, reliable, and objective as possible, and the results should be expressed in a quantitative or qualitative form that indicates the quantity of the property or attribute measured
What is evaluation?
Evaluation is the process of interpreting the collected measurement and determining some worth or value.
How are tests, evaluations, and measurements inter-related?
Tests are specific instruments used to collect data. Administering the test is a process of measurement; without tests, measurement would be impossible. The quantitative or qualitative data resulting from the test represent the measurement.
Measurement is a technique necessary for evaluation. Measurement represents the status of a certain attribute or property and is a terminal process. Evaluation is a broader term representing a more complex process than the other two, and many times will be expressed in qualitative terms. Evaluation determines the extent to which objectives are met and is an ongoing and continuous process. By comparing measurements and comparing them to objectives, it is possible to form conclusions based on sound judgment and rationale to improve the quality of the activity-based program.
Why is it important to correctly evaluate tests and measurements when making conclusions and decisions?
By comparing the results of this test with similar scores, you would be able to evaluate the cardiovascular condition of this subject. However, without administering the test and completing the measurement, you would have no basis for evaluation. Thus, it becomes obvious that the selection of the test and the measurement process are integral to evaluation.
There is no substitute for good judgment and common sense in choosing the testing instrument and in attaining and evaluating the measurement. Though we strive for objectivity, evaluation is a judgment. If there were no place for judgment in the measurement and evaluation process, people could be replaced by computers. Nevertheless, it is unprofessional and indefensible for judgments to be made without supporting quantitative or qualitative data in contemporary school and nonschool activity settings.
What is Healthy People 2020 and what is the MISSION of HP2020
Healthy People 2020 was developed and released in 2010. It is the most recent completed national initiative developed by the Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS, 2010), and includes a comprehensive health promotion and disease prevention agenda. It is designed to improve the health of all people in the United States during the second decade of the twenty-first century. Like the preceding Healthy People 2010 (USDHHS, 2000) initiative, Healthy People 2020 is committed to promoting health and preventing illness, disability, and premature death
Healthy People 2020 strives to:
- Identify nationwide health improvement priorities
- Increase public awareness and understanding of the determinants of health, disease, and disability, and the opportunities for progress
- Provide measurable objectives and goals that are applicable at the national, state, and local levels
- Engage multiple sectors to take actions to strengthen policies and improve practices that are driven by the best available evidence and knowledge
- Identify critical research, evaluation, and data collection needs
Obesity puts one at risk of:
Obesity is associated with an increased risk of the following:
Coronary heart disease
Type 2 diabetes
Cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon)
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
Dyslipidemia (for example, high total cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides)
Liver and gallbladder disease
Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
Osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)
Gynecological problems (abnormal menses, infertility)
What is a pedometer?
Pedometers can provide information about step count, mileage conversion, exercise time, and caloric expenditure.