Sexually Transmitted Infections

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created 5 years ago by Michelle_Perez
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1

sexually transmitted disease (STIs)

infections that are transmitted by sexual contact

2

chlamydia

urogenital infection caused by the bacterium chlamydia trachomatis

3

pelvic-inflammatory disease (PID)

an infection in the uterus and pelvic cavity

4

trachoma

chronic, contagious form of conjuctivitis caused by chlamydia infections

5

conjuctivitis

inflammation of the mucous membrane that lines the inner surface of the eyelid and the exposed surface of the eyeball

6

gonorrhea

STI that initially causes inflammation of mucous membranes

7

nongonococcal urethritis (NGU)

an inflammation of the urethral tube caused by organisms other than gonococcus

8

syphilis

STI caused by a bacterium called treponema pallidum

9

herpes

infection characterized by blisters on the skin in the regions of the genitals and the mouth. caused by herpes simplex virus and easily transmitted through sexual contact

10

prodromal symptoms

symptoms that warn of an impending herpes eruption

11

genital warts

viral warts that appear on the genitals and are primarily transmitted sexually

12

viral hepatitis

an ailment in which liver function is impaired by a viral infection

13

bacterial vaginosis (BV)

a vaginal infection caused by bacterial microorganisms; most common form of vaginitis

14

urethritis

an inflammation of the urethral tube

15

cyctitis

an infection of the bladder

16

candidiasis

inflammatory infection of vaginal tissues caused by the yeastlike fungus candida albicans

17

trichomoniasis

form of vaginitis caused by the one-celled protozoan trichomonas vaginalis

18

ectoparasites

parasitic organisms that live on the outer skin surfaces

19

pubic lice

lice that primarily infect the pubic hair and are transmitted by sexual contact

20

scabies

an ectoparasitic infestation of tiny mites

21

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

catastrophic illness in which a virus (HIV) invades and destroys the ability of the immune system to fight disease

22

human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

the immune-system-destroying virus that causes AIDS

23

viral load

the amount of HIV present in an infected person's blood

24

highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)

strategy for treating HIV-infected people with a combination of antiretroviral drugs

25

microbicide

topical gel or cream product that women can use vaginally to prevent or minimize the risk of being infected with HIV or other STIs