Conceiving Children: Process and Choice
A damage or enlarged vein in the testis or vas deferens
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
when a single sperm is injected into an egg
when semen is placed in a woman's vagina, cervix, or uterus
A woman who is artificially inseminated by the male partner in a childless couple, carries the baby to term, and delivers the baby to the couple
assisted reproductive technology (ART)
the techniques of extrauterine conception
in vitro fertilization (IVF)
when mature eggs are removed from a woman's ovary and fertilized by sperm in a lab dish
Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)
where egg is fertilized in the lab and then placed in a fallopian tube
Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)
when the sperm AND ovum are placed in a fallopian tube.
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
hormone detectable in the urine of a pregnant woman within 1 month of conception.
Spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)
spontaneous expulsion of the fetus from the uterus early in pregnancy, before it can survive on its own.
medical procedure performed to terminate pregnancy
use of medications to end a pregnancy of 7 weeks or less
used 7 to 13 weeks past pregnancy. a plastic tube attached to a vacuum is inserted through the cervical os and into the uterus which draws the placenta, built up uterine lining and fetal tissue out of the uterus
dilation and evacuation (D and E)
used 13 to 21 weeks after pregnancy. safest way. A combination of suction equipment, special foreceps,a and a curette used to scrape the walls of the uterus are used.
hormones used to induce uterine contractions and fetal expulsion for second-trimester abortions
late-term abortions (intact dilation and evacuation)
an abortion done between 20 and 24 weeks when serious health risks to the woman or severe fetal abnormalities exist.
the single cell resulting from the union of sperm and egg cells
multicellular descendant of the united sperm and ovum that implants on the wall of the uterus
a waxy protective substance on the fetus's skin
disk shaped organ attached to the uterine wall and connected to the fetus by the umbilical cord.
fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
syndrome in infants caused by heavy maternal prenatal alcohol use
birth following an education process that can involve information, exercises,breathing, and working with a labor coach
initial stage of childbirth in which regular contractions begins and the cervix dilates
flattening and thinning of cervix that occurs before and during childbirth
the middle stage of labor when infant descends into the vaginal canal
last stage of childbirth where placenta separates from uterine wall and comes out of the vagina
the placenta and amniotic sac following their expulsion through the vagina after childbirth
cesarean section (C-section)
childbirth procedure in which the infant is removed through an incision in the abdomen and uterus
the first several weeks after childbirth
postpartum depression (PPD)
symptoms of depression and possibly obsessive thoughts of hurting the baby
thin fluid secreted by the breasts during later stages of pregnancy and the first dew days after delivery
reddish uterine discharge that occurs after childbirth
incision in the perineum that is sometimes made during childbirth