Conceiving Children: Process and Choice

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1

varicocele

A damage or enlarged vein in the testis or vas deferens

2

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

when a single sperm is injected into an egg

3

Artificial Insemination

when semen is placed in a woman's vagina, cervix, or uterus

4

surrogate mother

A woman who is artificially inseminated by the male partner in a childless couple, carries the baby to term, and delivers the baby to the couple

5

assisted reproductive technology (ART)

the techniques of extrauterine conception

6

in vitro fertilization (IVF)

when mature eggs are removed from a woman's ovary and fertilized by sperm in a lab dish

7

Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT)

where egg is fertilized in the lab and then placed in a fallopian tube

8

Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)

when the sperm AND ovum are placed in a fallopian tube.

9

human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)

hormone detectable in the urine of a pregnant woman within 1 month of conception.

10

Spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)

spontaneous expulsion of the fetus from the uterus early in pregnancy, before it can survive on its own.

11

elective abortion

medical procedure performed to terminate pregnancy

12

medical abortion

use of medications to end a pregnancy of 7 weeks or less

13

suction curettage

used 7 to 13 weeks past pregnancy. a plastic tube attached to a vacuum is inserted through the cervical os and into the uterus which draws the placenta, built up uterine lining and fetal tissue out of the uterus

14

dilation and evacuation (D and E)

used 13 to 21 weeks after pregnancy. safest way. A combination of suction equipment, special foreceps,a and a curette used to scrape the walls of the uterus are used.

15

prostaglandins

hormones used to induce uterine contractions and fetal expulsion for second-trimester abortions

16

late-term abortions (intact dilation and evacuation)

an abortion done between 20 and 24 weeks when serious health risks to the woman or severe fetal abnormalities exist.

17

zygote

the single cell resulting from the union of sperm and egg cells

18

blastocyt

multicellular descendant of the united sperm and ovum that implants on the wall of the uterus

19

vemix caseosa

a waxy protective substance on the fetus's skin

20

placenta

disk shaped organ attached to the uterine wall and connected to the fetus by the umbilical cord.

21

fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)

syndrome in infants caused by heavy maternal prenatal alcohol use

22

prepared childbirth

birth following an education process that can involve information, exercises,breathing, and working with a labor coach

23

first-stage labor

initial stage of childbirth in which regular contractions begins and the cervix dilates

24

effacement

flattening and thinning of cervix that occurs before and during childbirth

25

second-stage labor

the middle stage of labor when infant descends into the vaginal canal

26

third-stage labor

last stage of childbirth where placenta separates from uterine wall and comes out of the vagina

27

afterbirth

the placenta and amniotic sac following their expulsion through the vagina after childbirth

28

cesarean section (C-section)

childbirth procedure in which the infant is removed through an incision in the abdomen and uterus

29

postpartum period

the first several weeks after childbirth

30

postpartum depression (PPD)

symptoms of depression and possibly obsessive thoughts of hurting the baby

31

colostrum

thin fluid secreted by the breasts during later stages of pregnancy and the first dew days after delivery

32

lochia

reddish uterine discharge that occurs after childbirth

33

episiotomy

incision in the perineum that is sometimes made during childbirth