Basic Medical Terminology

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created 6 years ago by Paige_Fillio
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1

Abrasion

Scrape of the skin due to something abrasive

2

Acute

New, usually of rapid onset and of concern, opposite of chronic

3

Anterior

Located towards the front of the body

4

Benign

Normal, of no danger to health

5

Bradycardia

Slow heart-rate (HR less than 60bmp)

6

Cardiomegaly

Enlarged heart

7

Cholecystitis

Inflammation of the gallbladder

8

Chronic

Long-standing, constant. Opposite of acute.

9

COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, lung Dz commonly seen in smokers

10

Coronary artery

The artery that supplies heart tissue with blood

11

Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)

a.k.a. stroke; lack of blood supply to the brain causing brain damage

12

Diaphoresis

Sweating

13

Distal

Farther from the trunk of the body

14

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

A blood clot in a deep vein, most often an extremity

15

Dyspnea

Problems with breathing

16

Dysuria

Painful urination

17

Ecchymosis

A bruise

18

Edema

Swelling

19

Emesis

Vomiting

20

Epistaxis

Nose bleed

21

Erythema/Erythematous

Redness/Red

22

Grossly

Obviously; a lot; wholly

23

Hematemesis

Very large amounts of blood in the vomit

24

Hematuria

Very large amounts of blood in the urine

25

Hemoptysis

Coughing up very large amounts of blood

26

Hemorrhage

Excessive or profuse bleeding

27

Hepatomegaly

Enlarged liver

28

Hypertension

High blood pressure

29

Hypotension

Low blood pressure

30

Hypoxia

Low oxygen saturation of the body, not enough oxygen in the blood

31

Infarct

Area of dead tissue after a lack of blood supply

32

Inferior

Lower on the body, farther from the head

33

Ischemia

Lack of blood supply

34

Laceration

Splitting of the skin due to trauma (a cut due to something sharp)

35

Lateral

Farther from the midline (a line that can be traced from nose to belly-button)

36

Medial

Nearer to the midline

37

Melena

Black tarry stool

38

Myocardial Infarction (MI)

Death of cardiac muscle due to ischemia

39

Myalgia

Muscular pain, "muscle aches"

40

Oriented x3

Oriented to person, place, and time

41

Pallor

Pale skin

42

Pulmonary Embolism (PE)

Blocking of a pulmonary artery due to a blood clot

43

Posterior/Dorsal

Rear or backside of the body

44

Proximal

Nearer to the trunk of the body

45

Purulent

Pus-like

46

Rales

Crackles; wet crackling noise in lungs

47

Rhinorrhea

Clear nasal discharge, "runny nose"

48

Rhonchi

Rattling noise of mucous in the lungs

49

Sepsis

Dangerous infection of the blood

50

STEMI

ST elevation MI, real-time ongoing death of heart tissue due to ischemia

51

Superior

Higher on the body, nearer to the head

52

Supine

Body position lying face up

53

Syncope

"Passing out", loss of consciousness or fainting

54

Tachycardia

Fast heart rate (HR greater than 100bmp)

55

Tachypnea

Increased breathing rate

56

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)

Minor stroke; where neurological function is regained quickly with time

57

Vertigo

Condition of dizziness, "room spinning"

58

Wheezing

High pitched sound heard in the lungs with asthmatics or lung disease