Hybrid Democracy Essay Questions for Final
What is a hybrid democracy?
representative democracy combined with the direct direct democracy
elected representatives in legislature and executive branch make laws and public ____.
Who can directly participate in making laws at the ballot box?
What can voters do?
propose and vote for initiatives
What are the 3 components of Direct Democracy?
Initiative Process, Referendum, Recall
What is the initiative process?
citizens may propose laws or constitutional amendments and vote on them, they appears as proposition on ballots
What is a referendum?
voters may second guess the legislature and governor by voting to reject laws
What is a recall?
Voters may choose to remove an elected official from office
How many stages are in the initiative process?
What is the first stage of the initiative process?
What is the preparing stage?
Drafting and Titling
explain Drafting and Titling?
write the initiative; submit to attorney general; with $200 fee
To who do the voters submit the drafting and titling?
What does the attorney general assign it?
a title and summary
What is the second stage of the initiative process?
What is the Qualification stage?
Gathering and Verifying Signatures
Explain Gathering and Verifying Signatures.
how many signatures should be gathered?
1 million to ensure enough are valid
who verifies the signatures & certifies measure for ballot?
Secretary of State
What is the 3rd stage of the initiative process?
What is the Campaigning stage?
persuading potential voters
explain persuading potential voters.
raise and spend funds to get proposition passed
What is the 4th stage of the initiative process?
What is the Post election stage?
Court Challenging and implementation
explain court challenging and implementation.
many initiative are immediately challenged by opponents in courts. Those proposition are often put “on hold” until a final court decision is made about its constitutionality.
How can a initiative be implemented?
- simple majority 50%+1
- go into effect unless challenged by court
- opponents may revisit the issue through a future initiative that eliminates it
- legislature may NOT change propositions