Alexander II - Detail

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Higher Level History IB
Grade levels:
12th grade
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1

Crimean War (start)

4 October 1853

2

Alexander II comes to power

February 1855

3

"It is better to abolish serfdom from above before it crumbles from below. I leave you gentleman to take care of this matter" - Alexander II

30 March 1856

4

Serfs

53 million (90% population)

5

Emancipation Edict

19 February 1861

6

Short-term consequences Em.Ed (discontent)

647 incidents of rioting

Bezdna massacre April 1861

7

Long-term consequences Em.Ed (serfs)

15% peasants still temporarily obligated by 1881

only 50% could produce surplus of grain by 1878

8

Long-term consequences Em.Ed (economy)

Grain export 47% 1891

9

Military reforms

1874

10

Conscription Act

1 January 1874

11

Russo-Turkish War

1878

12

Censorship

1865 publishing is free of submission to government

13

Assassination attempt on Alexander II (turning point)

1866

14

Educational reforms consequences

1856- only 400'000

1878 + 1 million

15

Judicial reform backtrack

Political crimes to be in secret 1878

16

Declared state of emergency

1879