Religion 101

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created 5 years ago by FAIRJA003
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Religion final
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1

What is the difference between ethics and aesthetics?

Ethics is morals and what is right

Aesthetics is what is pleasing to the senses.

2

What is Discourse, Community, Practice, and Institution?

Discourse is the language that involves a transcendant (more than human, scared) authority

Community- collection identity exhabited by 'practice'

Practice- aimed at producing humans in the world as in envisioned by discourse

Institution- authority ; authortative leaders, that regulate practice + discourse of community (priests, rabi, and etc.)

3

What is a myth?

What is the difference between a Foundation myth and a Creation myth???

Myth-- narrative/story that concerns the relationship of human/imperial realm to scared reality-- the myth functions is convey Ultimate truths to those who belong to the group

Foundation myth -- story of hierophany on which the religion is grounded and that changes the relationship between human and scared reality

Creation myth-- a scared being created the world, where the world comes from

4

What the relationship between between myth and ritual?

List the common types of rituals? What are they?

Ritual is a ceremonial act formed, styled, gestures used for specific occasions-- a religious ritual rituals usually reenacts myths. There are 3 types of common rituals: Rites of Passage, Temporal Rites, and Life-Crisis Ritual

Rites of Passage--organize/ structure/ give meaning to individual life (birth, sexual potency, and marriage rituals)

Temporal Rites-- rituals involves the seasons, changing of seasons

Life-Crisis Ritual-- rituals that are intended to invoke or ward off supernautral powers as a means of curing disease.

5

Ethics of duty Vs. Ethics of virtue

Ethics of duty-- emphasis on specific actions and focus on rules and princples (right/ wrong is inheritable actions themselves-- usually ask what my rules say)

Ethics of Virtue-- emphasis intention/ motivation behind actions and focuses on the moral examplars (right/ wrong is not inherent in the actions-- EX usually asks what would jesus do?)

6

Three of Sources of (religious) ethical authority

  • Cosmic/ Natural Law
  • Charismatic Authority/ Leadership
  • Divine Command

Cosmic/ Natural Law-- human moral is grounded in essential structure of reality "itself"

Charismatic Authority/ Leadership-- leader as source of authority (EX: MLK or even Hilter)

Divine Command -- personal scared; transfer from Charismatic leader to a book, or institution (offices)

7

What is socialization in religion and how it relates to Voluntary vs. Natural terms?

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