Religion 101

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Religion final
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What is the difference between ethics and aesthetics?

Ethics is morals and what is right

Aesthetics is what is pleasing to the senses.


What is Discourse, Community, Practice, and Institution?

Discourse is the language that involves a transcendant (more than human, scared) authority

Community- collection identity exhabited by 'practice'

Practice- aimed at producing humans in the world as in envisioned by discourse

Institution- authority ; authortative leaders, that regulate practice + discourse of community (priests, rabi, and etc.)


What is a myth?

What is the difference between a Foundation myth and a Creation myth???

Myth-- narrative/story that concerns the relationship of human/imperial realm to scared reality-- the myth functions is convey Ultimate truths to those who belong to the group

Foundation myth -- story of hierophany on which the religion is grounded and that changes the relationship between human and scared reality

Creation myth-- a scared being created the world, where the world comes from


What the relationship between between myth and ritual?

List the common types of rituals? What are they?

Ritual is a ceremonial act formed, styled, gestures used for specific occasions-- a religious ritual rituals usually reenacts myths. There are 3 types of common rituals: Rites of Passage, Temporal Rites, and Life-Crisis Ritual

Rites of Passage--organize/ structure/ give meaning to individual life (birth, sexual potency, and marriage rituals)

Temporal Rites-- rituals involves the seasons, changing of seasons

Life-Crisis Ritual-- rituals that are intended to invoke or ward off supernautral powers as a means of curing disease.


Ethics of duty Vs. Ethics of virtue

Ethics of duty-- emphasis on specific actions and focus on rules and princples (right/ wrong is inheritable actions themselves-- usually ask what my rules say)

Ethics of Virtue-- emphasis intention/ motivation behind actions and focuses on the moral examplars (right/ wrong is not inherent in the actions-- EX usually asks what would jesus do?)


Three of Sources of (religious) ethical authority

  • Cosmic/ Natural Law
  • Charismatic Authority/ Leadership
  • Divine Command

Cosmic/ Natural Law-- human moral is grounded in essential structure of reality "itself"

Charismatic Authority/ Leadership-- leader as source of authority (EX: MLK or even Hilter)

Divine Command -- personal scared; transfer from Charismatic leader to a book, or institution (offices)


What is socialization in religion and how it relates to Voluntary vs. Natural terms?