Goverment

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Module 4 Exam
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1

Who presides over the commissioners' court

The county judge

2

Government that is not a special district in Texas?

Municipal government

3

allows the insured person to collect from the individual's own insurance company regardless of who is at fault in the vehicular accident

No-fault insurance

4

Texas cities can keep from being boxed in by suburban "bedroom" cities using their power of...

extraterritorial jurisdiction (ETJ's)

5

In a civil case, the individual filing the case is referred to as the..

plaintiff

6

is an incorporated community with a population of 5,000 or less

A general-law city

7

The right to a grand jury indictment is guaranteed in the

U.S. and Texas Constitution

8

Property appraisals in all local governments are done by the

Countrywide appraisal Autority

9

Law that has been passed by the legislature and is written in code books.

Statutory law

10

Children as young as ____ who are arrested for serious crimes may be certified to stand trial as adults.

14

11

Strong Manager-council system is NOT a form of local government. True or false

TRUE

12

In Texas, juvenile courts do provide unlimited social service for delinquents. True or False

False. They DO NOT provide

13

Laws that prohibit union shop agreements requiring new employees to join a union are called

right-to-work laws

14

which individuals are more likely to be a victim of a crime

people in metropolitan areas, young people, and African americans

15

If an individual dies without leaving a will and there are no living relatives, then their property passes to...

the state

16

The procedure used to prove the validity of a will is...

probate

17

a city must have a population of at least 5,000 residents to become a...

home-rule city

18

the county sheriff has all the following functions: hiring deputies, law enforcement in county, delivering/ executing court papers but not...

operating the city jail

19

The two largest Texas cities with mayor-council form of government are...

Houston and Pasadena

20

In a week-mayor form of government, power is...

decentralized

21

allows many inmates to serve the remainder of their sentences under supervision in the community

Parole

22

City law in states today is based in large part on centuries-old English...

common law

23

is considered a county's most important financial officer

The tax assessor-collector

24

have served as the primary means of increasing minority representation on city councils

Single-member districts

25

guarantees fairness before the government may deprive a person of life, liberty, or property

Due process

26

allows registered voters to force a sometimes reluctant city council to place a proposed ordinance on the ballot

initiative

27

prevents using illegally obtained evidence against the acused

exclusionary rule

28

in many cities, some or all of the city council members are elected by voters of the entire municipality rather than from neighborhood districts called...

at-large city elections

29

An individual can lose the title to a homestead for all of the following reasons EXCEPT: delinquency on home equity loans, failure to satisfy tax liens, nonpayment of child support, and delinquency on home improvement loans

Nonpayment of child support

30

the means to redress an injury, including relief from ongoing injury or compensation for past damages is known as...

the remedy

31

The following statements are all correct about what?:

crime is more likely in large metropolitan areas, minority group members are arrested for crime, the poor, regardless of racial background, are more likely to commit violet crimes

Crime in Texas

32

is an at-large system that permits voters to cast one or more votes for a single candidate

Cumulative voting

33

efforts to limit liability in civil cases is called

tort reform

34

governments have officials who act as both executives and legislators

commission

35

is not an example of a victim less crime

driving while intoxicated

36

the relationship between states and local governments follows from the fact that states have a ________ system of governement

Unitary

37

Civil law deals with all of the following EXCEPT: public morality, individual rights, private obligations and responsibilities

public morality

38

is used as the barometer for the crime rate

FBI index crimes

39

Texas cities are classified as either...

General-law or home-rule

40

is not a stated purpose of Texas jails and penitentiaries

punishment

41

is the county law enforcement official elected to serve as the process officer of justice of the peace courts and also has general law enforcement powers.

Constable

42

the new law that says if either party refuses an out-of-court settlement and if the jury awards damages significantly different from the settlement offer, the loser must pay all the winner's legal expenses in the case

Loser pays system

43

Concerned with public morality

Criminal law

44

In the strong-mayor system who is responsible for administration of the city policy

the mayor

45

A prisoners initial appearance befor a magistrate is called the

arraignment

46

The amount and type of taxes a city is allowed to levy, the size of the city's population, and the total assessed value of taxable property within the city limits influence the sources and amount of revenue used to meet...

a city's budgetary obligations

47

is not considered a city user fee

Ad Valorem

48

The bill of rights is in which article of the Texas Constitution

1st article

49

Texas is home to how many of the largest cities in the United States

THREE