Cardiopulmonary A & P Module I Exam

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created 6 years ago by mapodaca11
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Cardiopulmonary A & P Module I Exam
updated 6 years ago by mapodaca11
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College: First year
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1

About what percent of the total alveolar surface is composed of the Type I cells?

. 95%

2

Convert the following volume from mL into L. 750 mL equals in L

0.75 L

3

Which of the following represents a correct sequence of the TBT? (from the mouth to the alveoli)

  • Bronchioles
  • terminal bronchioles
  • respiratory bronchioles
  • alveolar ducts
4

Convert 0.25 L into mL

250mL

5

A patient weighing 82 kg equals how many pounds?

180

6

The average surface area available for gas exchange is about:

70 square meters

7

Which of the following is the largest cartilage of the larynx?

Thyroid

8

The inferior lingual lung segment is found in the:

left lung, lower division of the upper lobe

9

The trachea is considered what generation of the TBT?

0 generation

10

What are nourished by the bronchial arteries?

1. Segmental bronchi
2. Subsegmental bronchi
3. Alveolar ducts
4. Terminal bronchioles

11

Chemical mediators are released from sensitized mast cells and produce bronchoconstriction. Which of the following are chemical mediators involved in this process?

  • histamine
  • heparin
  • leukotriene
12

Which of the following is the most superior:

  1. Arytenoids cartilage
  2. Hyoid Bone
  3. Thyroid cartilage
  4. Cricoid cartilage
13

A patient weighing 165 lbs equals how many kilograms?

75 kg

14

The posterior two-thirds of the nasal cavity and portions of the tracheobronchial tree is lined with:

Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium

15

The expiratory accessory muscles include:

  • Transverses abdominis muscles
    External and internal abdominis oblique's muscles
16

The epithelial lining of TBT is primarily composed of:

Pseudostratified ciliated coumnar epithelium (PSCC)

17

Lymphatic vessels:

  • are more numerous in the left lung than the right
  • move the lymph from the outer surface of the lungs to reach the hilum
  • contains valves every 1 mm
18

Which of the following are known as capacitance vessels?

Veins

19

The parietal pleura lines the:

thorax

20

Small holes found in the walls of the alveoli (interalveolar septa) are called:

Pores of Kohn .

21

False Rib

Ribs eight, nine and ten are referred to as the:

22

The adenoid tonsils are found in the:

Larynx

23

The primary motor innervation of each hemidiaphragm is supplied by the

Phrenic nerve

24

The alveolar-capillary clusters are surrounded, supported, and shaped by the:

Interstitium

25

Lymph vessels and branches of the vagus nerve are found in which of the following structures of the trachea?

Lamina propia

26

Which of the following is called the third generation of the tracheobronchial tree?

Segmental bronchi

27

What is the function of the primary lobule?

Gas exchange

28

The mediastinum contains the following structures?

1. Thymus gland
2. Lymph nodes
3. Trachea
4. The great vessels (aorta, pulmonary artery)

29

During inspiration, the vocal cords

  • Abduct
  • move apart
30

Epiglotis

fibrocartilaginous structure that makes up the upper part of the larynx that prevents aspiration of foods and liquids by covering the opening of the larynx during swallowing

31

pneumocyte

lung cells that form the alveolar epithelium

32

mast cells

cells found in the intra-alveolar septa in the lamina propria that play an important role in the immunologic response mechanism by degranulating and releasing chemical mediators such as histamine and leurkotrienes

33

cricoid cartilage

single cartilage inferior to the thyroid cartilage that forms the majority of the posterior wall of the larynx

34

Lamina Propina

submucosal layer of the tracheobronchial tree composed of fibrous tissue that houses blood vessels, nerves, lympathic vessels and smooth muscle fibers

35

Parenchyma

functional portion of the lungs made up of the alveoli

36

Interstitium

gel-like substance held toghether by collagen fibers thta supports the alveolar-capillary membrane. Composed of tight and loose space

37

The length of the trachea is about:

11-13 cm long

38

parts of the sternum

  • Xiphoid Process
  • Manubrium
39

inspiratory accessory muscles include

1. Scalene muscles
2. Sternocleidomastoid muscles

4. Pectoralis major muscles
5. Trapezius muscles

40

Goblet Cells/Submucosal Glands

Most of the mucus that lines the lumen of the tracheobronchial tree is produced by the:

41

Cartilage is present in the following structures of the TBT?

1. Lobar bronchi
2. Subsegmental bronchi
3. Segmental bronchi

42

Sol Layer

The layer of mucus closest to the epithelium in the TBT ( tracheobronchial tree) is called the:

43

Patients with ALS or spinal cord injury typically present with generalized muscle weakness and many die from respiratory complications. What portion of the respiratory system does this disease primarily affect?

  • Diaphragm
  • Accessory Muscles
44

Hilum

The right and left main stem bronchi blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs through the

45

102 degrees F equals what temperature in degrees C? Remember: (F-32) / 1.8

38.9 C

46

The Lining of the lung is called

Visceral pleura

47

The left lung has how many lobe

2

48

the left side of the lung has how many fissures

1

49

The RIGH lung has how many lobe

3

50

the RIGHT side of the lung has how many fissures

2

51

The bronchial blood supply originates in this GREAT vessel

Mediastinum

52

Sympathetic Nerves carry Epinephrine that has this effect on the bronchioles

Dilates the bronchioles so the patient can breath more easily

53

Describe the path of a dust particle from the NOSE to the alveoli

(The Mice Love Sunny Sandy Beaches They Run All Around)

Nostrils ->

Nasal Cavity →

Pharynx →

Larynx →

Trachea →

Main Bronchus →

Lobar Bronchiole →

Segmental Bronchus →

Bronchiole →

Terminal Bronchiole →

Respiratory Bronchiole →

Alveolar Duct →

Atrium →

Alveolus

54

Describe the shape and function of cartilage that makes up the trachea?

"C" rings of cartilage strengthen the trachea so that it does not collapse, but remains open so that air can get through it.
If It didn't it would collapse in on itself and you would be unable to breathe.

55

Do the respiratory bronchioles have cartilage? Why or why not?

Bronchioles only have cartilage from the pulmonary arteries & capillaries

56

what are the main 4 groups of the sinuses

  1. maxillary
  2. frontal
  3. ethmoid
  4. ethmoid spheroid
57

What are the sinuses functions

  • produce mucous from the nasal cavity
  • A resonating chamber for the production of sound
  • Communicator for the nasal cavity