CS 123 Final review Lecture 1 throu 4 Flashcards
In information systems, what do these terms mean 1) knowledge, 2) data, and 3) Information
1) Awareness and understanding to support a task or make a decision; 2) Raw facts, such as an employee number; 3) added value through organization and processing
The four primary activities of an information system are input, output, feedback, and----------
The value of information is directly linked to how it helps decision makers achieve their organization's
Which of these information systems directly supports reporting for routine and recurring information needs?
DSS (Decision Support System)
Which of these information system directly support finding solutions to specific problems?
MIS ( Management Information System)
-----Consists of computer programs that specify the operation of the computer
Which of the following statements describes a characteristic of a highly competitive industry?
- Companies partner with competitors to slow their rapid growth
- companies shows a lot of product differentiation
- companies focus on more competitive advantage
- Companies have few competitors
In information systems 1) what produces feed back, and 2) what's the purpose of processing?
- Generating knowledge.
Customer relationship management programs help companies manage------------
- Programs to retain loyal customers
- finished product inventory
- marketing and advertising
A common type of information system used in business is designed for--------
- transaction processing
- Decision support
- electronic and mobile commerce
- report generation
A/An ------- uses computer service, distributed storage devices, and networks to connect distributed components together.
Storage area network
-------help(s) perform maintenance, diagnose problems , and monitor computer performance.
applications request services from the operating through a well-defined -----------
Application programming interface
A risk involved with using an application service provider (ASP) or Software as a Service (SaaS) provider is------------
- sensitive information could be compromised
- the provider could be incapable of keeping its and network up and running consistently
- A Disaster could disable the provider's data center.
One advantage of proprietary software over off-the-shelf software is that------------
Involvement in the development offers control over the results
RAID storage devices provide data storage that is--------
A type of memory whose contents are not lost if the power is turned off is called--------
Application software interacts with system hardware through-------
The operating system
------- is a standardized data manipulation language developed in the 1970s that helps users query and update databases.
------ Is /are an information-analysis tool that involves the automated discovery of patterns and relationship in a data warehouse.
A tool that database designers use to visualize and discuss the logical relationships among data is
An entity-relationship diagram
The smallest piece of data used by a computer is called a -----
what's the proper order of the typical hierarchy of data
Characters > Fields > Records > Files > databases
As long as tables in a relational database share one common----, the tables can be linked to provide useful information and reports.
A collection of fields about a specific item is called a (n)
A(n) ------ specifies to the DBMS (database management System) the logical and physical structure of data and the relationships among the data
Basic database manipulations include ------, which eliminates columns in a relational database.
A database is a collection of intergrated and related--------
-------is/ are the standard means for formatting Web page content
HTML (Hypertext Makeup Language)
A ---------- interconnects two or more network
Wide area network
With the IP protocol, data is grounded into------, to be routed by various paths through a network
A (an) ------ is a web address that specifies the exact location of a web page using alphanumeric characters
The web made possible which of these services or capabilities?
------ is a network protocol that enables traffic to be routed among all the networks connected to the internet
IP ( Internet Protocol)
Individuals and small organizations usually connect their devices to the internet through a/an---------
Internet Service Provider
Telecommunications elements include---------
A -------- converts a telecommunications signal from digital or analog form into another form
Organization use authentication technologies to----------
Confirm the identity of the user requesting access to information or assets
The business called "Etsy" does which type of commerce, primarily?
An organization unit likely to benefit from use of a customer relationship management system is--------
Most e-commerce solution support what core task?
Advantage of e-commerce and m-commerce include------
Compared to a typical transaction processing system (TPS), a typical management information system (MIS) has-------- routine,------input/output, and -------complexity of processing.
the elimination of organization between the producer and the costumer is called-------------
The------- MIS subsystems and outputs are used to monitor and control the flow of materials, products and services through the organization.
They key components of a/an------ system includes a database, model base, dialog manager and access to network, and other computer-based systems.
An effective -------- MIS helps an organization keep personal costs at a minimum while serving the required business processes needed to achieve corporate goals.
A typical Decision Support System (DSS) include a/an------------, which allows decision makers to easily access and manipulate the DSS and to use common business terms and phrases.
During the---------- State of the problem solving process, you develop alternative solution to the problem and evaluate their feasibility.
A Decision Support System (DSS) focuses on the-------- of a decision when faced with unstructured or semi-structured business problems.
Which of these is/are important reasons for an organization to develop an expert system?
A/an------ helps s user of an expert system understand how the system arrived at its results.
An expert system's knowledge acquisition facility service as an interface between------
Experts and knowledge base
Captured or created knowledge is typically stored in----------
A/an------- stores all relevant information, data, rules, cases, and relationships that an expert system uses.
A/an---------- is NOT a key component of an expert system
------Knowledge is hard to measure and document and typically is not objective or formalized.
During the----- Phase of the system development like cycle, team member ]s attempt to answer the question, "what must the information system do to provide solutions to problems or opportunities"?
---------- products are installed, operational information system that meets UU business goals.
The------- system development approach requires cooperation and frequent live meeting with all project participants as they modify, refine, and test how the system meet user's needs and what its capabilities are.
The primary outcome of the systems analysis phase is/are----------
A prioritized list of system requirements
---------uses an iterative approach to the systems development process.
During the----- phases of the system development process, problems and opportunities are identified and considered in relation to business goals.
The training of end users in an important task in the------- phase of a systems development project.
A--------- provides for the gathering of anonymous input, allows for the exchange of information and expertise among people without direct interaction, and supports many different decision-making approaches.
Is a database that holds business information from many sources in the enterprise, covering all aspects of the company's processes, products, and customers.