The skeletal And Muscular System

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created 6 years ago by Shari_Love
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updated 6 years ago by Shari_Love
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1

Ankl/o

Stiff Joint

2

Arthr/o

Joint

3

Articul/o

Joint

4

Cap/o

Carpus

5

Burs/o

Bursa, Sac

6

Cervic/o

Neck

7

Chondr/o

Cartilage

8

Cost/o

Ribs

9

Crani/o

Cranium

10

Fasci/o

Fascia

11

Femor/o

Femur

12

Fibul/o

Fibula

13

Humer/o

humerus

14

ili/o

ilium

15

kenisi/o

Movement

16

Kyph/o

Hump

17

Lamin/o

Lamina

18

Lord/o

Bent backwards

19

Lumb/o

Lower back

20

Menisc/o

Meniscus

21

Metacarp/o

Metacarpus

22

Metatars/o

Metatarsals, ankles

23

Muscul/o
My/o

Muscle

24

Myel/o

Spinal cord Bone marrow

25

Orth/o

Straight

26

Oste/o

Bone

27

Patell/a

Patell/o

Patella

28

Pelv/i

Pelvis

29

Phalang/o

Phalanges

30

Pub/o

Pubis

31

Radi/o

Radius

32

Sacr/o

Sacrum

33

Scoli/o

Crooked, bent

34

Spondyl/o

Vertebrae

35

Veretebr/o

Vertebrae

36

Ster/o

Sternum

37

Synovi/o

Synov/o

Synovial Membrane

38

Tar/o

Ankle ( Tarsal bones)

39

Ten/o

Tend/o

Tendin/o

Tendon

40

Thorac/o

Thorax

41

Tibi/o

Tibia

42

Uln/o

Ulna

43

ACL

Anterior Cruciate Ligament

44

ADL

Activities of daily living

45

AE

Above the elbow

46

AK

Above the knee

47

AKA

Above - the -knee amputation

48

AP

Anteropsterior

49

AS

Ankylosing Spondylitis

50

BE

Below the elbow

51

BK

Below the knee

52

BKA

Below the knee Amputation

53

BMD

Bone Mineral Density

54

C1-C7

First Cervical vertebra, second cervical verebra, etc.

55

DJD

Degenerative Joint Disease (Osteoarthritis)

56

DTR

Deep tendon Reflex

57

EMG

Electrocardiography

58

Fx

Fracture

59

HNP

Herniated nucleus pulposus

60

IM

Intramusclar

61

JRA

Juvenile Rheumatoid arthritis

62

L1-L5

First Lumbar Vertebra second Lumbar Vertebra

63

LE

Lower Extremity

64

LLE

Left Lower Extremity

65

LUE

Left Upper Extremity

66

MVA

Motor Vehicle accident

67

NSAID

Non steroidal anti- inflammatory Drug

68

OA

Osteoarthritis

69

ortho

orthopedic straight

70

OT

Occupational Therapy

71

PT

Physical Therapy

72

RA

Rheumatoid Arthritis

73

RLE

Right Lower Extremity

74

ROM

Range Of Motion

75

RUE

Right Upper Extremity

76

S1-S5

First Sacral Vertebra Second thoracic Vertebra Etc

77

T1-T12

First Thoracic Vertebra Second Thoracic vertebra

78

ORIF

Open Reduction- Internal Fixation

79

THA, THR

Total Hip Arthropplasty, total hip replacement

80

Ortho

Orthopedic Straight

81

OT

Occupational therapy

82

PT

Physical Therapy

83

TKR

Total knee replacement

84

UE

Upper Extremity

85

Adhesive Capsulitis

Loss of Range of motion in the shoulder; also called frozen shoulder

86

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear

Injury to one of the stabilizing ligaments of the knee, which originates on then anterior portion of the femur

87

Bursitis

Condition Of inflammation of the tiny fluid- filled sacs that act as cushions and provide lubrication to decrease friction and irritation between structures such as bones, tendons, muscles and skin

88

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Compression of the median nerve causing pain or numbness in the wrist, hand and fingers

89

Claw Toe

Condition in which the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint Flexes dorsally while the other joints or joints in the toe flex toward the sole

90

Hammertoe

Condition in which the toe is bent downwards at the proximal Interphalangeal (PIP) joint

91

Herniated Disk

Herniation of the soft center of an invertebrate disk

92

Juvenile Rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)

Disorder similar to adult -onset RA with earlier onset and more severe symptoms

93

Kyphosis

Abnormal increase in the curvature or the thoracic vertebrae, causing hunchback

94

Lordosis

Abnormal Increase in the curvature of the lumbar vertebrate, causing swayback

95

Mallet Toe

Condition in which the toe is bent downward at the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint

96

Medial Tibial Syndrome

Painful condition involving tiny tears in the muscles and tendons that attach to the anterior tibia (Shin) Commonly called shin splints

97

Meniscal Tear

Tear of one of the two C- shaped cartilage structures that serve to cushion

98

Myasthenia Gravis

Autoimmune motor disorder that causes progressive muscle fatigue and weakness

99

Osteitis Deformans

Chronic condition in which the process of bone destrcution and regrowth occurs abnormally causing weaker, Fragile englarge and misshapen bones also called paget disease

100

Osteoarthritis

Condition of cartilage deterioration and joint infammation marked by pain stiffness, and decrease ROM most commonly affecting synovial weight - bearing joints and vertebrae

101

Ostomalacia

Condition of softing and weaking of the bones when it occurs in chidren it is called rickets

102

Osteomyelitis

Acute or chronic infection within the bone most commonly affecting the legs arms pelvis and spine

103

Osteoporosis

Condition Charachterized by loss of bone mass throught the skeleton

104

Pathological Fracture

Breaking of diseased weakened bone from the stress of normal everyday Activites

105

Plantar Fasciitis

Painful condition of the supporting structures od the arch of the foot primarily fascia a band of tissue that connects the heel with the toes

106

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

Autommune Arthritis that causes progessive joints pain and deformity and may affect organ systems

107

Rotator Cuff Tear

Traumatic rip of one or more of the muscles or tendons within the rotator cuff of the shoulder

108

Scoliosis

Abnormal S-shaped Latereral Curvature of the vertebrae

109

Sprain

Complete or imcomplete tear in the ligaments arounf the joint

110

Strain

Trauma to the muscle and sometimes a tendon due to violent contraction oe excessive forcible streching

111

Tendinitis

Inflammation of a tendon due to the overuse

112

Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)

Group of painful disorders involing compression of the nerves or vessels in the neck and arms

113

Arthrography

Radiologcal examination of a joint after a contrast fluid into the joint space

114

Bone marow Aspiartaion

Removal of a bone marrow specimen from the cortex of a flat bone for analysis

115

Bone scan

Use of a gamma camer to detect abnormalities in bone densilty after injection of radioactive meterial

116

Creatine Kinase ( CK)

Test to measure isoenzyme released by skeletal and cardiac muscle into the blood when they are damaged

117

Cryotherapy

Appilcation of cold, such as with ice compression to descease inflammation and pain

118

Dual - energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA)

Radiological evaluation of bone density to detect osteoporosis

119

Electomyogram (EMG)

Record of skeletal - muscle eletrical activity, used to diagnose neuromuscular disorder

120

Erythrocyte sedimentation Rate (ESR sed rate)

Rate at which red blood cells settle in a tube or unclotted blood: an elevated ESR indicated inflammation

121

Rheumatoid Factor

Blood test used to identify rheumatoid arthritis and other disorders

122

Total Hip replacment (THR)

Procedure to replace an arthritic hip with a prosthetic device to restore mobility and function also referred to as total hip arthroplasty

123

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

Delivery of a mild eletrical current to a painful area to disrupt transmission of pain siginals between the body and the brain.