Chapter 12 The Endocrine system

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1

Acr/o

Extremities

2

Aden/o

Gland

3

Adrenal/o

Adrenal Gland

4

Adren/o

Adrenal Gland

5

Calc/o

Calcium

6

Glu/o

Glucos/o
Glyc/o

Glycos/o

Sugar

7

Home/o

Same Unchanging

8

Hydro/o

Water

9

Kal/i

Potassium

10

Natr/o

Sodium

11

Pancreat/o

Parathyroid

12

Thym/o

Thymus

13

Thrm/o

Thyroid

14

Thyroid/o

Thyroid

15

Toxic/o

Toxin, Poison

16

ADH

Antidiuretic Hormone

17

BG, BS

Blood glucose, Blood sugur

18

BMI

Body Mass Index

19

BMR

Basal metabolic Rate

20

Ca

Calcium

21

CA

Cancer

22

DI

Diabetic Inisipidus

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DKA

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

24

DM

Diabetes Mellitus

25

FBG, FBS

Fasting Blood Glucose , Fasting Blood Sugur

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fsbs

Finger stick blood sugar

27

GH

Growth Hormone

28

GTT

Glucose Tolerance Therapy

29

HRT

Hormone Replacement Therapy

30

IDDM

Insulin- dependent - diabetes mellitus (Type 1 Diabetes )

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K

Potassium

32

Na

Sodium

33

NIDDM

Non-Insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus (Type 2 Diabetes )

34

PTH

Parathyroid Hormone

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T3- T4

Triiodothyronine, thyroxine (Thyrroid hormones )

36

TSH

Thyroid- stimulating hormone

37

Acromegaly

Type of hyperthyroidism in which an overactive pituitary gland after adulthood causes abnormal continued growth of bones and tissues of the face and extremities

38

Addison Disease

illness characterized by gradual adrenal - gland failure, resulting insufficient production of steroid hormone and the need for hormone replacement therapy also called hypoadrenalism

39

Congenital Hypothyroidism

Congenital condition of thyroid hormone deficiency, characterized by arrested physical and mental development ,formerly called cretinism

40

Cushing Disease

disorder caused by hypersecreation of cortisol by the adrenal gland resulting in altered fat distribution and muscle weakness also called hypercortisolism

41

Diabetes Insipidus

Disorder unrelated to diabetes melllitus, characterized by excessive output of dilute urine

42

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Condition of server hyperglycemia

43

Diabetes Mellitus (DM)

Chronic Metabolic disorder in which the pancreas secretes insufficient amounts of insulin or the body is insulin resistant

44

Dwarfism

Hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood, resulting in an abnormal small adult

45

Exophthalmos

Abnormal protrusion of the eyeball

46

Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes that begins during pregnancy due to insulin due to insulin resistance and altered glucose metabolism

47

Giantism

Type hyperpituitarism that causes hypersecretion of growth hormone during childhood, resulting in a abnormal large adult

48

Goiter

Enlargement thyroid gland

49

Graves Disease

hypothyroidism caused by an autoimmune response which may cause exopthalmos

50

Hashimoto disease

Chronic, Inflammatory condition that leads to the most common type of thyroiditis also called lymphocytic thyroiditis

51

Hirsutism

Male pattern of body- hair development in females

52

Hyperaldosteronism

Condition in which adrenal gland release excessive aldosterone; also called Conn syndrome

53

Hyperparathyroidism

Condition in which the parathyroid glands produce an excessive amount of parathyroid hormone (PTH)

54

Hypoparathyroidism

Condition in which the parathyroid glands are hyoactive and as a result and level of parathyroid hormones (PTH) is too low

55

Mxedema

Severe form of hypothyroidism that develop in the older child or adult Causing nonpitting edema in connective tissue

56

Non-diabetic Hypoglycemia

Condition In which a non diabetic person experiences mild symptoms associated with low blood glucose

57

Panhypopituittarism

Condition resulting from diminished secretion of pituitary hormone also called under active pituitary gland

58

Pheochroocyoma

Tumor of the adrenal medulla ( Central part of the adrenal gland) usually benign but sometimes causing fluctuation of stress hormones like adrenaline

59

Pituitary dwarfism

Type of hypopituitarismin which reduced growth and development occur due to deficiency of growth hormone in childhood

60

Polydipsia

Much (Increase) thirst

61

Polyphagia

Much (Increased) Appetite

62

Polyuria

Much (Increase) urination

63

Precocious Puberty

Premature onset of puberty with the appearance of secondary sex characteristics in young children

64

Retinopathy

Disease of the retina often cause by diabetes

65

Thyrotoxicosis

Serve episode of worsening symptoms of hyperthyroidism

66

Fasting blood Glucose (FBG)

Test of blood glucose levels after a fast of 8 to 12 hours used to screen for diabetes; also called FBS or fasting blood glucose

67

Finger Stick Blood Sugar (fsbs)

Test of blood glucose from a drop of capillary blood obtained by pricking the finger stick blood glucose (FSBG)

68

Glycosylated hemoglobin (Hb Alc)

Reflection of the average blood glucose over the past 3 to 4 months

69

Radioactive iodine uptake

Nuclear medicine study which measures how rapidly radioactive iodine is taken up from the blood after oral or intravenous administration

70

Thyroid function test

Reflection of thyroid function by measuring levels of thyroid -stimulating hormone (TSH) Triiodothyronine ( T3) and thyroxine (T4)

71

Thyroid Scan

Radiographyic Evaluation of the thyroid after a radioactive substance is injected thyroid size, shape position and function

72

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

Measure of the ability of the thyroid gland to concentration and retain circulation iodine for synthesis of thyroid Hormone

73

FBS

The person has fast ( not eaten anything) for a designated time, usually 8 to 12 hours. Blood is drawn from a vein with a needle ans syringe or with a device called a vacatiner ( a needle attached to a vacuum - sealed tube) with a device specimen is tested in the laboratory

74

fsbs

Blood sugar may be checked at anytime. but it is usually checked just priors to meals. a drop of capillary blood is obtained by poking the tip of the finger with a lancet ( tiny, sharp blade ) the blood is tested immediately using an instrument called a glucometer