Chapter 11 The Reproductive System

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1

Andro/o

Male

2

Balan/o

Gland penis

3

Crypt/o

Hidden

4

Epididm/o

Epididmis

5

orch/o

Testis

6

orchi/o

Testis

7

orchid/o

Testis

8

Test/o

Testis

9

testicul/o

Testis

10

Phall/i

Penis

11

Prostat/o

prostate

12

Semin/o

Sperm

13

Sperm/o

Sperm

14

spermat/o

sperm

15

Vas/o

vessel

16

Amni/o

amnion
(amniotic sac)
amniotic fluid

17

Cervic/o

Cervix

18

Colp/o

vagina

19

Vagin/o

Vagina

20

embry/o

embryo

21

Episi/o

vulva

22

vulv/o

vulva

23

Fet/o

fetus

24

Galact/o

Milk

25

Lact/o

Milk

26

Gonad/o

Gonads

27

Gynec/o

Women, female

28

Hyster/o

Uterus

29

Metr/o

Uterus

30

Uter/o

Uterus

31

Lapar/o

abdomen abdominal wall

32

mamm/o

Breast

33

Mast/o

Breast

34

Men/o

menses

35

Nat/o

Birth

36

oophor/o

ovary

37

ovari/o

ovary

38

ov/o

ovum

39

perine/o

perineum

40

placent/o

placenta

41

Salping/o

Tube (Fallopian or Eustachian)

42

Son/o

Sound

43

Vagin/a

vagina

44

AB

Abortion

45

BSE

Breast- self -examination

46

C-section

cesarean section

47

D&C

Dilation and curettage

48

EDC

Estimated date of confinement (due date)

49

ERT , HRT

Estrogen replacement therapy, Hormone replacement therapy

50

FHR

Fetal Heart Rate

51

GYN

Gynecology

52

IUD

intrauterine device

53

IVF

In vitro fertilization

54

L&D

Labor and delivery

55

LMP

Last menstrual period

56

OB -GYN

Obstetrics and gynecology

57

OC

Oral contraceptive

58

Pap

Papanicolaou smear

59

PID

Pelvic inflammatory disease

60

PMS

Premenstrual syndrome

61

TAH

Total abdominal hysterectomy

62

TAH-BSO

Total abdominal hysterectomy

Bilateral salpingo- oophorectomy

63

TSS

Toxic Shock Syndrome

64

BPH

Benign prostatic hypertrophy

also called benign prostatic hyperplasia

65

CIRC, circum

circumcision

66

DRE

Digital Rectal Examination

67

ED

Erecrile dysfunction

68

PSA

Prostate- specific antigen

69

TSE

Testicular self examination

70

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

71

GC

Gonorrhea

72

GU

Genitourinary

73

Trich

Testicular self examination

74

VD

Veneral disease; sexually transmitted disease

75

HPV

Human papilloma virus

76

STD, STI

Sexually transmitted Disease

sexually transmitted infection

77

Amenorrhea

Absence of menses in a women between the ages of 16 and 40

78

Bartholin Gland Cyst

Blockage of one or both of the Bartholin glands, causing inflammation and tenderness

79

Candidiasis

Vaginal fungal infection caused by Candida albicans with key Sx including itching, burning and a thick curdy discharge also known as a vaginal yeast infection

80

Dysmenorrhea

Pain in the lower abdominopelvic area and other discomfort associated with menses

81

ectopic pregnancy

implantation of fertilization ovum outside of the uterus often in the Fallopian tube also called tubal pregnancy

82

endometriosis

growth of endometrial tissue in abnormal sites in the lower abdominopelvic area

83

Fibrocystic breast disease

preasence of multiple lumps in the breast, consisting of fibrious tumor or fluid filled cysts

84

infertillity

inability to achieve pregnancy after trying to convince for a period of 1 year or more may be primary, which is inability to conceive a first child or secondary which is inferiority in a woman who has previously conceived

85

Ovarian cyst

Sac of fluid or semisolid mass that grows within the ovary

86

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Any acute chronic infection of the female reproductive system including the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries

87

Premenstrual syndrome

Range of syndrome occurring 7 to 14 days before menstruation including fluid retention bloating temporary weight gain breast tenderness headaches depression irritability, diarrhea, constipation, and appetite change

88

Toxic shock syndrome

Rare disorder caused by bacteria exotoxins; most commonly occurs in young women who use tampins

89

Uterine Fibroids

Begign, smooth tumors made of muscle and fat also called leiomyomas

90

Uterine Prolapse

Downward protrusion of the uterus into the vaginal opening

91

Abortion

Spontaneous or therapeutic loss of a pregnancy at less then 20 weeks also called miscarriage

92

Abruptio Placentae

Sudden premature detachment of the placenta from the uterine wall

93

Eclampsia

Complication of pregnancy characterized by a severe hypertension, seizures and possible coma

94

Ectopic Pregnancy

Implantation of fertilization ovum somewhere other than in the uterus

95

Gestational diabetes

Development of type 2 diabetes mellitus in a pregnant women who did not have diabetes before becoming pregnant

96

Placenta Previa

Implantation of the placenta in the lower uterine segment rather then the central or upper portion of the uterine wallwhich may cause menernal hemorrhage during labor

97

Balanopostthitis

inflammation of the glans penis and foreskin covering the glans penis also called balanitis

98

Benign Prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)

Noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland common in elderly men

99

Cryptorchidism

Failure pf one or both testes to descend into the scrotum

100

Epididymitis

Acute or chronic inflammation or infection of the epididymis, a tubular structure on the posterior surface of the testicle

101

Erectile Dysfunction (ED)

General term that describes a number of disorders all of which impact the ability of man to attain an erection adequate to achieve a satisfactory sexual experiance also called impotence

102

impotence

Inability pf a male to achieve or maintain an erection

103

Orchitis

Acute or chronic condition of inflammation of one of or both testicles caused ( usually viral) infection

104

Prostatitis

acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland

105

Testicular Torsion

Condition in which the testicles become twisted and the sper,atic cord, blood vessels, nerves and vas deferens become strangled

106

varicocele

enlargement and dilation or herniation of the veins of the spermatic cord that drain the testis

107

Chlamydia

The most common STI a bacteria infection caused by chlamydia trachomatis

108

Gonorrhea

STI caused by Neisseria gonorrhea that result in inflammation of mucous membranes

109

Herpes Genitalis

STI caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 that results in painful vesicles; commonly called genital herpes

110

Human papilloma virus

STI caused by human papilloma virus that results in painless cauiflower like warts, a cause of cervical cancer in women

111

Sterility

Inability to produce offspring

112

Syphilis

Multistage STI caused by the spirochete Trepanema Pallidum, with key Sx including skin lesions eventually fatal unless treated

113

Trichomonoiasis

STI infestation with trichomonas vaginalis key Sx include Vaginitis urethrits and cystitis

114

Cryosurgery

Destruction of abnormal tissue by freezing

115

Dilation and curettage (D&C)

Dilation of the cervix followed by scraping of the endometrial lining

116

Needle Biopsy

Aspiration of tissue or fluid through a large - gauge needle for analysis

117

Papanicolaou Smear

Removal of tissue cells from the cervix for analysis

118

Pelvic sonography

Ultrasound imaging of the structures of the female pelvis

119

Prostate specific - antigen

Blood test used to screen for prostate cancer

120

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)

Removal of tissue from the prostate gland with an endoscope via the urethra

121

Tubal ligation

Sterilization procedure in which Fallopian tubes are cute and ligated

122

Uterine Ablation

Procedure that destroys the entire surface of the endometrium and superficial myometrium

123

Vasectomy

Sterilization procedure in which a small section of the vas deferens is removed