Neuron Anatomy & Physiology

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1

Central nervous system

Brain and spinal cord

2

Synaptic cleft

Gap that separates two neurons

3

Ganglion

A bundle of nerve processes outside the CNS

4

Interneuron

Neuron connecting sensory and motor neurons

5

Tract

Neuron process running through the CNS

6

Nuclei

Collections of neuron cell bodies inside CNS

7

Efferent neuron ( motor )

Neuron that conducts impulses away from the CNS to muscles and glands.

8

Afferent neuron ( sensory )

Neuron that conducts impulses toward the CNS from the body periphery

9

Neurotransmitters

Chemicals released by axon terminals