marriage and family test #5
In 1900 what percent of Females age 14 and up were in the workforce?
- 20% of females ages 14 and up were in the workforce
In 2000 what percent of Females ages 16 and up were in the workforce?
Are men and women moving in opposite directions in the work force?
Why are men and women moving in opposite directions in the work force?
- Older men retiring earlier
- Men staying in school longer
What is the latent consequence?
- Lower skilled men are displaced
What type of women were there prior to 1940s?
List 4 reasons why women work?
- Support the family
- Special interest
- Desire for a higher standard of living
Work and Family Structure
- Has changed over the past 50 years
- Some changes have created opportunities
- Some changes have created problems for the family
What percent is considered a traditional nuclear family?
- Some include the new stay at home dads
What are reasons for stay at home dads?
- Going back to school
- Able to work from home
- Usually on a temporary basis
What is the negative side towards stay at home dads?
- Little or no support from society
- Having their masculinity questioned
- But on the other hand many have a great satisfaction form raising their kids
What is a Two-Person Career?
- Husband and wives doing the same job together
- Also take care of kids and household functions
- When its women out front men rarely perform the support duties
List 3 advantages of a Two-Person Career?
- Employers get an additional employee
- Having a secure lifestyle
- Husbands benefit greatly from the help
List 3 disadvantages of a Two-Person Career?
- Many wives experience unhappiness
- Limited family time
- Feeling unappreciated from society and occasionally their husbands
What percent of both married parents worked in 2007?
What are the 3 characteristics of Families in Later Life?
- Lengthy family history
- Experiencing new life events where they have little preparation for
What is Multigenerational and Lengthy Family History?
- The longer one lives and they keep growing
- Example: great grandparents, great- great grandparents
What is the 3rd characteristic of families in later life?
- Going to experience new life events where they have little preparation for
- Examples: Widowhood, Empty nest, Retirement, and becoming a grandparent
What is another name for the Sandwich Generation?
- The Middle Aged Generation
What is the Sandwich Generation?
- Sandwiched from both ends of the spectrum
- Pressured from financial, time wise, and emotional
What percent of the Sandwich people ages 45-55 are supporting their parents and children?
What percent report having a midlife crisis?
- Only 23%
What is the main reason for a midlife crisis?
What percent defines their Sandwich time to be a midlife crisis?
What can’t be assumed today about the Nuclear Family?
- That it is the only family model later in life
What are some diversity in Family Life Cycles?
- Child free couples
- Single parent homes
- Extended families
- Racial and ethnic variables
- Mom who never married
- Frist time marriage
- Long time cohabitants
Who coined the term Ageism?
What are the negative stereotypes of family later in life?
- Culture praise and celebrates youth
- Stereotypes and discrimination towards the elderly
What is Social Gerontology?
- Impacts of socio cultural conditions on the process and consequences of aging
What is Age Norms?
- Expectations of how one is to behave at any age
What age does the government define old?
What age does the polls define old?
- 75 and up
What age does and old person think someone is old?
- It’s relative somebody 10 years older than them
What is Functional Age?
- A person’s physical, intellectual, and social capacities and accomplishments
What are the 3 Categories of the Elderly?
- The “Young Old”
- The “Middle Old”
- The “Old Old”
What age is considered the Young Old?
- 65 to 74
What age is considered the Middle Old?
- 75 to 84
What age is considered the Old Old?
- 85 and up
Which of the 3 Categories of the Elderly are growing fast?
- The “Old Old
What were some rules from the past concerning Widowhood?
- Mourning time
- If and when to remarry
What are the 4 stage of Widowhood?
What are some characteristics of the Encounter stage of Widowhood?
- Loss of appetite
What are characteristics of the Respondence stage of Widowhood?
- Reality sets in
- Questioning phase “Why did this happen?’’
What are characteristics of the Emergence stage of Widowhood?
- Realizing death is a natural part of life
- Focus on present and future
What are characteristics of the Transformation stage of Widowhood?
- Totally over the grief
- Some see themselves as changes people
What is the in conclusion of Widowhood?
- Some people move quickly through the stages
- Some may be bogged down
- Many variables come in to play