A&P Lecture Exam 2 - Part II

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Brookhaven BRC Mock Exam - Version 2
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1

The glenoid cavity is associated with the...

  1. os coxae
  2. scapula
  3. occipital condyles
  4. atlas
  5. axis

B

2

A disease that results from lack of vitamin D and results in individuals with bowleggedness is...

  1. Paget's disease
  2. Rickets
  3. Osteoporosis
  4. Achronroplasia
  5. Osteolyelitis

B

3

Which of the following attaches to the Achilles tendon?

  1. calcaneous
  2. navicular
  3. cuboid
  4. cuneiform
  5. talus

A

4

Stages in the repair of a simple fracture include the following;

  1. formation of the hematoma; clotted blood at the fracture site
  2. remodeling and removal of excess bone outside the mend
  3. bony callus formation by the fibroblast and osteoblasts
  4. fibrocartilage callus formation which resuls in soft granulation tissue

ANSWER

  1. 1, 4, 3, 2
  2. 1, 2, 3, 4
  3. 4, 1, 3, 2
  4. 2, 4, 1, 3
  5. 1, 3, 2, 4

A

5

Which of the following is NOT the same of one of the skull sutures?

  1. coronal
  2. saggital
  3. lambdoidal
  4. squamousal
  5. epiphyseal

E

6

The bottommost ribs (11 and 12) are:

  1. costal ribs
  2. manubrial ribs
  3. false ribs
  4. floating ribs

D

7

Which is NOT a cranial bone?

  1. frontal
  2. pariental
  3. temporal
  4. sphenoid
  5. zygomatic

E

8

At the jugular notch on the sternum...

  1. the left common carotid artery come off the aorta
  2. the jugular vein comes off the aorta
  3. one is approximately at the level of vertebrae T11 and T12
  4. A and C only
  5. A, B, and C only

?

9

The patella is an example of a...

  1. Tarsal bone
  2. Carpal bone
  3. Sesamoid bones
  4. Sutural bones

C

10

The "winged" bone often described as the keystone of the cranium is the...

  1. ethmoid
  2. sphenoid
  3. occipital
  4. frontal
  5. temporal

B

11

The sphenoid bone...

  1. has the sella turcica which houses the pituitary gland
  2. is a good example of a long bone
  3. does not calcify until adulthood
  4. has greater, lesser, and intermediate wings
  5. all of the above

A

12

In cervical vertebrae...

  1. C2 has a kidney-shaped vertebral body
  2. C1, the atlas has no body
  3. the spinous processes are paddle-like
  4. transverse foramen are lacking

B

13

The ends of a long bone often have a glassy material which covers their surfaces: this is called the...

  1. diaphysis
  2. metaphysis
  3. epiphysis
  4. articular cartilage

D

14

The central canal in ta lamella which contains an artery, vein, and nerve is part of a Haversian system or __________.

  1. osteons
  2. lacunae
  3. trabecuale
  4. Volkman's canals

D

15

An embryonic cell associated with bone deposits is an...

  1. osteoclast
  2. osteocyte
  3. osteoblast
  4. osteon

...

16

What connective tissue is found in tendons?

  1. dense regular connective tissue
  2. dense irregular connective tissue
  3. hyaline cartilage
  4. areolar or loose connective tissue

A

17

A disease associated with a large amount of woven bone relative to the other types is called:

  1. Paget's disease
  2. Rickets
  3. Osteomalacia
  4. Achondroplasia

A

18

The canal running through the middle of each osteon includes:

  1. blood vessels and nerve
  2. osteoblasts and osteoclast
  3. yellow bone marrow
  4. cartilage and interstitial lamella

A

19

The so-called outmost horny layer of the skin is the...

  1. stratum lucidum
  2. stratum basale (germantivum)
  3. stratum spinosum
  4. stratum corneum

D

20

Osteoclasts...

  1. are specialiszed in calcium reabsorption
  2. are macrophage like cells in the epidermis
  3. are proprioceptor cells
  4. are a type of chondrocyte

A

21

The reticular layer of the dermis...

  1. is the deepest layer
  2. protrudes into the stratum germantivum as papules
  3. has dermal papillae with Meissner's corpuscles
  4. A and C only
  5. A, B, and C

A

22

The endosteum...

  1. is a delicate connective tissue membrane that lines the trabecular of spongy bone
  2. is continuous with the peritoneal lining outside the bone
  3. lines the marrow cavities
  4. A and C only
  5. A,B, and C

*D

23

Which of the following skin cancers develop from keratinocytes?

  1. malignant melanoma
  2. squamous cell carcinoma
  3. basal cell carcinoma
  4. glioma

B

24

It is very common for a person's hair to get oily in puberty as sebum is produced; this is stimulated by...

  1. caffeinated beverages
  2. chocolates
  3. androgens and other sex hormones
  4. ingestion of greasy food

C

25

Which of the following are sweat glands?

  1. eccrine
  2. sebacesous
  3. apocrine
  4. A and C only
  5. A,B, and C

D

26

The fingerprints result from lines in which layer...

  1. reticular layer
  2. subcutaneous layer
  3. hypodermal layer
  4. papillary layer

D

27

Melanocytes...

  1. produce a fibrous protein that give the skin its protective properties
  2. are the stem cells that produce all the other cells of the skin
  3. primarily produce melanin
  4. maintain the proper temperature so that melanin will not deteriorate

C

28

Spidery cell in contact with the stratum basale with a role in melanin production are called:

  1. Langerhans cells
  2. Keratinocytes
  3. Melanocytes
  4. Kupffer cells

C

29

Which of the following is NOT a correct pairing:

  1. sebaceous gland - hair
  2. eccrine sweat glands - epidermis
  3. ceruminous gland - ear wax
  4. apocrine sweat glands - nostrils

D

30

Which of the following is NOT a function of skin...

  1. formation of vitamin D
  2. protection of underlying tissues from abrasion
  3. thermal regulation by pooling blood underneath the skin
  4. cutaneous sensory stimulation
  5. production of dust mites

E

31

An immovable joint only found between skull bones is a(n);

  1. suture
  2. synovial joint
  3. cartilaginous joint
  4. fibrous joint

A

32

Teeth are held in place by a peg-in-socket joint called a..

  1. syndesoisis
  2. suture
  3. synchondrosis
  4. gomphosis

D

33

_____________ are cartilaginous joints.

  1. syndesmoses
  2. sutures
  3. synchondroses
  4. gomphoses

C

34

Articulations permitting only no movement are...

  1. amphiarthroses
  2. synarthroses
  3. diarthroses
  4. synovial joints

B

35

The terms pronation and supination refer to...

  1. hands being moved from palms forward to palm backward
  2. feet pointed downward
  3. arms being moved in a circular manner like a butterfly stroke
  4. the head being nodding

A

36

The severe type of skin cancer with a tendency to metastasize is...

  1. melanoma
  2. basal cell carcinoma
  3. squaumous cell carcinoma
  4. lyphoma

A

37

The deepest layer of the dermis is the _________ layer.

  1. stratum corneum
  2. stratum lacdium
  3. papillary layer
  4. reticular layer

D

38

Which of the following is NOT a difference between the make and female pelvis?

  1. pubic arch is broader and has a less acute angle in women
  2. the acetabula are further apart in the female pelvis (which sometimes makes the skeleton slightly knock-kneed)
  3. The pelvic outlet is more circular in females
  4. Males lack a pubic symphyisis

D

39

Which is an example of a Wormian bone?

  1. sutures
  2. pubic symphysis
  3. the patella
  4. the fontanelles

A

40

Which is NOT a marking on the pelvis.

  1. sacral hiatus
  2. anterior superior iliac spine
  3. anterior inferior iliac spine
  4. inferior gluteal line
  5. pubic tubercle

...

41

Vertebrae exhibits a Heart-shaped vertebral body...

  1. cervical vertebrae
  2. thoracic vertebrae
  3. lumbar vertebrae
  4. both cervical and lumbar vertebrae
  5. both thoracic and lumbar vertebrae
  6. cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae

B

42

Vertebrae exhibits articular facets and demifacets for ribs...

  1. cervical vertebrae
  2. thoracic vertebrae
  3. lumbar vertebrae
  4. both cervical and lumbar vertebrae
  5. both thoracic and lumbar vertebrae
  6. cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae

...

43

Vertebrae exhibits massive kidney-shaped body...

  1. cervical vertebrae
  2. thoracic vertebrae
  3. lumbar vertebrae
  4. both cervical and lumbar vertebrae
  5. both thoracic and lumbar vertebrae
  6. cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae

C

44

Vertebrae exhibits tranverse foramina...

  1. cervical vertebrae
  2. thoracic vertebrae
  3. lumbar vertebrae
  4. both cervical and lumbar vertebrae
  5. both thoracic and lumbar vertebrae
  6. cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae

A