Lab Practical 2

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1

In uniaxial movements:

a) movement can occur in all 3 axes

b) movement can occur in only 2 axes

c) movement can occur only in one axes

C

2

The opposite movement of pronation is

a) supination

b) hyperextension

c) rotation

d) dorsiflexion

A

3

The ligament that provides support to the front of the knee joint is the__________ ligament.

a) anterior cruciate

b) posterior cruciate

c) patella

d) tibial collateral

C

4

A fibrous joint that is a peg in socket is a _____.

a) syndesmosis

b) suture

c) synchondrosis

d) gomphosis

D

5

The articular cartilage at the ends of long bones serves to

a) attach tendons

b) produce red blood cells

c) provide a smooth surface at the ends of the bones

d) form the synovial cavity

C

6

Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called_______.

a) menisci

b) bursae

c) ligaments

d) tendons

B

7

________ are cartilaginous joints.

a) syndesmoses

b) sutures

c) synchondroses

d) gomphoses

C

8

Sarah thinks she has torn her anterior cruciate ligament playing field hockey. This injury is confined to the

a) shoulder

b) knee

c) hip

d) ankle

B

9

_____________ are fibrous joints which do not permit movements.

a) syndemoses

b) synchonroses

c) sutures

d) gomphoses

C

10

The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to the

a) hands

b) feet

c) arms

d) head

B

11

The foramen magnum would be in the _____ bone.

a) frontal

b) occipital

c) parietal

d) sphenoid

B

12

The zygomatic arch is formed by processes of which bones

a) temporal and maxilla

b) frontal and temporal

c) temporal and zygomatic

d) zygomatic and maxilla

C

13

Spongy bone is made of a framework of

a) osteons

b) trabeculae

c) lamellar bone

d) specular matrix

B

14

The prominent buldge just posterior and inferior to the external auditory meatus is the

a) mastoid process

b) steroid process

c) occipital condyle

d) condyloid process

A

15

The paranasal sinuses are located in all of the following bones except

a) frontal

b) ethmoid

c) maxillae

d) zygomatic

D

16

The role of the fontanels is to

a) allow for compression of the skull during childbirth

b) serve as ossification centers for the facial bones

c) lighten the weight of skull bones

d) serve as final bony plates of the skull

A

17

The bone that articulates with the scapula at the glenoid fossa is the

a) radius

b) ulna

c) humerus

d) tibia

C

18

Which of the following is an unpaired facial bone

a) palatine

b) lacrimal

c) vomer

d) maxilla

C

19

The body of centrum of thoracic vertebrae is :

a) triangular

b) oval

c) heart shaped

d) kidney-bean shaped

C

20

The short carpal bone closest to the middle finger is the:

a) talus

b) hamate

c) capitate

d) triquetral

C

21

Stages in the repair of a simple fracture include the following

1. formation of a hematoma; clotted blood at the fracture site

2. remodeling and removal of excess bone outside the mend

3. bony callus formation by the fibroblasts and osteoblasts

4. fibrocartilage callus formation which results in soft granulation tissue

The correct order is:

a) 1,2,3,4

b) 1,4,3,2

c) 4,1,3,2

d) 2,4,1,3

B

22

The bottommost ribs 11 & 12 are

a) costal ribs

b) true ribs

c) false ribs

d) floating ribs

D

23

A needle would pierce the epidermal layers of the forearm in which order?

a) basale, spinosum, granulosum, corneum

b) basale, spinosum, granulosum, lucidum, corneum

c) granulosum, basale, spinosum, corneum

d) corneum, granulosum, spinosum, basale

D

24

Acne is a disorder associated with:

a) sweat glands

b) sebaceous glands

c) meibomian glands

d) ceruminous glands

B

25

The dermis ______.

a) is an avascular connective tissue layer

b) has two distinct layers, the papillary and the reticular layers

c) lacks any sensory structures and glands

d) is the area where melanocytes first arise

B

26

Which muscles are attached to hair follicles and cause goose bumps?

a) arrector integumenteni

b) arrector pilli

c) levator folliculli

d) arector folliculi

B

27

Melanocytes___________.

a) are spidery-shaped cells in contact with cells in the stratum basale

b) are involved in the immune system

c) are actually nervous system cells

d) work their way up to the surface like keratinocytes via amoeboid movement

A

28

Which statement is correct about the appearance of hair?

a) coarse or kinky hair has flat (almost ribbonlike) hair shafts

b) perfectly round hair shafts result in wavy hair

c) air bubbles in the shaft creates straight hair

d) gray hair results from hormones affecting the chemical composition of melanin

A

29

The ____ gland is a modified sudoriferous gland that secretes wax.

a) eccrine

b) apocrine

c) cerumous

d) mammary

C

30

Which of the following layers is responsible for cell division and replacement

a) stratum corneum

b) stratum granulosum

c) stratum basale

d) stratum lucidum

C

31

Keratinocytes are unique in that they:

a) produce a fibrous protein that gives the skins its protective properties

b) are able to transform from living cells to produce plasma membranes

c) are the only epidermal cells capable of replication

d) produce UV light to produce vitamin D

A

32

It is very common for a person's hair to get oily in puberty as sebum is produced; this is stimulated by:

a) sex, drugs, and rock and roll

b) chocolates

c) androgens and other sex hormones

d) ingestion of greasy food

C

33

Which of the following are sweat glands?

a) eccrine

b) sebaceous

c) apocrine

d) a and c

e) a, b, and c

D

34

What sort of tissue comprises the embryonic skeleton?

a) elastic connective tissue

b) dense fibrous connective tissue

c) fibrocartilage

d) hyaline cartilage

D

35

The embryonic cell responsible for secreting the matrix of bone is

a) osteocyte

b) osteoblast

c) osteoclast

d) chondrocyte

B

36

A fracture in the shaft of a bone would break the ________.

a) epiphysis

b) metaphysis

c) diaphysis

d) articular cartilage

C

37

To prevent or delay osteoporosis, one might:

a) drink fluoridated water

b) avoid strenuous exercise

c) avoid ingesting calcium

d) decrease exposure to the sun

A

38

The term diploe refers to ____________..

a) the double layered nature of the periosteum

b) the fact that most bones have areas of spongy and compact bones

c) the arrangement of the internal layer of spongy bone in most flat bones

d) the two types of marrow, red and yellow, in most bones

C

39

The unit of structure and function in compact bone is ___________.

a) osseus matrix

b) spongy bone

c) lamellar bone

d) the osteon

D

40

What runs through the center of each osteon ( Harversian Canal)?

a) cartilage and interstitial lamella

b) osteoclasts and osteoblasts

c) yellow marrow and spicules

d) arteries, veins, and nerve cells

D

41

Osteocytes reside in small spaces called:

a) lacunae

b) Volkman's canals

c) Haversian canals

d) trabeculae

A

42

Cranial bones develop:

a) from cartilage models

b) within fibrous membranes

c) from a tendon

d) with muscular membranes

B

43

Normal bone growth requires adequate intake of

a) calcium, phosphate, and vitamin D

b) potassium, phosphate,and vitamin C

c) sodium, calcium, and vitamin E

d) vitamin E, vitamin D, and sodium chloride

A

44

The mental foramen is associated with the:

a) mandible

b) frontal bone

c) parietal

d) occipital

A

45

Which of the following is not true concerning the thoracic vertebrae?

a) transverse foramen associated with transverse process

b) demifacets and articulations for ribs

c) heart shaped vertebral body

d) prominent spinous processes

A