Pathology terms Chapter 5

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1

Alzheimer disease

Form of chronic, progressive dementia caused by the atrophy of brain tissue

2

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Chronic, progressive, degenerative neurmosclar disorder that destroys motor neurons of the body; also called Lou Gehrig disease

3

Ball palsy

Form of facial paralysis, usually unilateral and temporary

4

Brain abscess

Collection of pus anywhere within the brain

5

Brain attack

Damage or death of brain tissue cause by interruption of blood supply due to a clot or vessel rupture; also known as stroke or cerebral vascular accident

6

Brain tumor

Any type of abnormal mass growing within the cranium

7

Cerebral concussion

A vague term referring to a brief loss of consciousness or brief episode of disorientation or confusion following a head injury

8

Cerebral contusion

Bruising of the brain tissue

9

Cerebral palsy (CP)

Caused by lesions or abnormalities of the brain arising in early stages of development

10

Delirium

acute reversible state of agitated confusion marks by disorientation hallucinations or delusions

11

Depression

The mood disorder mark by loss of interest or pleasure in living

12

Encephalitis

Inflammation of the brain often combined with meningitis and then called encephalomyelitis

13

Epidural hematoma

Collection of blood between the dura matic and the skull

14

Epilepsy

Chronic disorder of the brain mark be a reoccurring seizures which are repetitive abnormal electrical dicharges within the brain

15

Guillain - Barre syndrome (GBS)

Acute inflammatory disorder that causes rapidly progressing well at paralysis which is usually temporary and sometimes also sensory symptoms; also known as acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

16

Huntington disease

Hereditary progressive degenerative nervous disorder that leads to bizarre involuntary movement and dementia

17

Meningitis

Information and inflation of the meninges the spinal cord and CSF usually caused by an infectious illness often combined with encephalitis and then called encephalomyelitis

18

Migraine headache

Familial disorder mark by episodes of severe throbbing headache this is a commonly unilateral and sometimes disabiling

19

Multiple sclerosis (MS)

Disease involving progressive myelin degeneration which results in loss of muscle strength and coordination

20

Neural tube defect

Incomplete closure of the spinal cord which may allowed protraction of the spinal cord and meninges at birth, leading to paralysis also known as spinal bifida

21

Parkinson's disease

Progressive degenerative disorder that results in tremor gait changes and occasionally dementia

22

Peripheral neuropathy

This function of nerves that transmit information to and from the brain and spinal cord characterized by pain altered sunsation and muscle weakness

23

Poliomyelitis

Inflammation of the spinal cord caused by a virus which may result in spinal and muscle deformity and paralysis

24

Reye syndrome

Serious disease associated with aspirin use by children with viral illness which may result in permanent brain damage or even death

25

Sciatica

Pain numbness weakness or tingling felt in the lower back along the pathway of the sciatic nerve into the leg

26

Shingles

Painful vesicles occurring on the upper body caused by herpes Zoster virus

27

Spinal cord injury (SCI)

Traumatic bruising crossing or tearing of the spinal cord

28

Spinal stenosis

Narrowing of an area of the spine to put pressure on the spinal cord and spinal nerve root

29

Subdural hematoma

Collection of red blood between the Dura and the arachnoid layer (middle or second layer of the meninges)

30

Tension headache

Non migraine headache and which pain is felt in all parts of the head

31

Tetanus

Non contagious illness marked by severe prolong spasms of skeletal muscle fibers also known as lockjaw

32

Translate global amnesia ( TGA)

Rare disorder not caused by neurological event or injury that causes sudden temporary loss or recent memory

33

Transit ischemic attack (TIA)

Temporary stroke like symptoms caused by a brief interruption of blood supply to part of the brain

34

Trigeminal neuralgia (TN)

Neurological disorder that causes severe, epsidodic facial pain along the pathway of the fifth cranial nerve also called tic douloureux