A&P Lab Practial 2

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1

T/F - The axial skeleton is made up of the limbs, or appendages?

False

2

T/F - The fibula is part of the appendicular skeleton.

True

3

T/F - The articular cartilage cover the bones ends at movable joints

True

4

T/F - The coastal cartilage separate the cushion bones in the spine.

False

5

T/F the laryngeal cartilage construct the voice box.

True

6

T/F - Nasal cartilage support the external and internal...

False

7

This cartilage provide sturdy suppor with some "give"

  • Hyaline Cartilage
  • Elastic Cartilage
  • Fibro Cartilage
  • Hyaline Cartilage
8

This cartilage has great strength that can withstand heavy compression and has many rows of chondrocytes. .

  • Hyaline Cartilage
  • Elastic Cartilage
  • Fibro Cartilage
  • Fibro Cartilage
9

This cartilage is very flexible and can be bent repeatedly.

  • Hyaline Cartilage
  • Elastic Cartilage
  • Fibro Cartilage
  • Elastic Cartilage
10

This type of bone is thin with two thin layer of compact bone sandwiching a layer of spongy bone between them.

A) Compact Bone D) Flat Bone

B) Spongy Bone E) Irregular Bone

C) Long Bone AB) Sesamoid Bone

D) Flat Bone

11

The patella is this type of bone.

A) Compact Bone D) Flat Bone

B) Spongy Bone E) Irregular Bone

C) Long Bone AB) Sesamoid Bone

AB) Sesamoid Bone

12

Vertebrae fall into this bone category.

A) Compact Bone D) Flat Bone

B) Spongy Bone E) Irregular Bone

C) Long Bone AB) Sesamoid Bone

E) Irregular Bone

13

The bones of the finger are classified as this.

A) Compact Bone D) Flat Bone

B) Spongy Bone E) Irregular Bone

C) Long Bone AB) Sesamoid Bone

C) Long Bone

14

This is usually on the external surface and is usually smooth.

A) Compact Bone D) Flat Bone

B) Spongy Bone E) Irregular Bone

C) Long Bone AB) Sesamoid Bone

A) Compact Bone

15

This is also know as the cancellous bone and has trabecula.

A) Compact Bone D) Flat Bone

B) Spongy Bone E) Irregular Bone

C) Long Bone AB) Sesamoid Bone

B) Spongy Bone

16

Which is NOT a function of bones?

A) Support

B) Nutrition

C) Protection

D) Movement

B) Nutrition

17
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Name marking #1 of the long bone.

Proximal epiphysis

18
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Name marking #2 of the long bone.

Diaphysis

19
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Name marking #3 of the long bone.

Distal epiphysis

20
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Name marking #4 of the long bone.

Articular cartilage

21
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Name marking #5 of the long bone.

Spongy bone

22
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Name marking #6 of the long bone.

Epiphyseal line

23
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Name marking #7 of the long bone.

Periosteum

24
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Name marking #8 of the long bone.

Compact bone

25
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Name marking #9 of the long bone.

Medullary cavity

26
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Name marking #10 of the long bone.

Articular cartilage

27
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Name marking #11 of the long bone.

spongy bone

28
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Name marking #12 of the long bone.

compact bone

29
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Name marking #13 of the long bone.

endosteum

30
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Name marking #14 of the long bone.

yellow bone marrow

31
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Name marking #15 of the long bone.

compact bone

32
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Name marking #16 of the long bone.

periosteum

33
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Name marking #17 of the long bone.

perforating (sharpey's) fibers

34
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Name marking #18 of the long bone.

nutrient arteries

35
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Choose the correct term for #23 on the bone model

A) Lacunae AB) spongy bone

B) Lamellae AC) Artery

C) Central canal AD) collagen fibers

D) Osteocyte AE) Circumferential lamellae

E) Sharpey's fibers

AC) Artery

36
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Choose the correct term for #24 on the bone model

A) Lacunae AB) spongy bone

B) Lamellae AC) Artery

C) Central canal AD) collagen fibers

D) Osteocyte AE) Circumferential lamellae

E) Sharpey's fibers

D) Osteocyte

37
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Choose the correct term for #25 on the bone model

A) Lacunae AB) spongy bone

B) Lamellae AC) Artery

C) Central canal AD) collagen fibers

D) Osteocyte AE) Circumferential lamellae

E) Sharpey's fibers

A) Lacunae

38
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Choose the correct term for #26 on the bone model

A) Lacunae AB) spongy bone

B) Lamellae AC) Artery

C) Central canal AD) collagen fibers

D) Osteocyte AE) Circumferential lamellae

E) Sharpey's fibers

AB) spongy bone

39
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Choose the correct term for #27 on the bone model

A) Lacunae AB) spongy bone

B) Lamellae AC) Artery

C) Central canal AD) collagen fibers

D) Osteocyte AE) Circumferential lamellae

E) Sharpey's fibers

C) Central canal

40
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Choose the correct term for #28 on the bone model

A) Lacunae AB) spongy bone

B) Lamellae AC) Artery

C) Central canal AD) collagen fibers

D) Osteocyte AE) Circumferential lamellae

E) Sharpey's fibers

E) Sharpey's fibers

41
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Choose the correct term for #29 on the bone model

A) Lacunae AB) spongy bone

B) Lamellae AC) Artery

C) Central canal AD) collagen fibers

D) Osteocyte AE) Circumferential lamellae

E) Sharpey's fibers

AE) Circumferential lamellae

42
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Choose the correct term for #30 on the bone model

A) Lacunae AB) spongy bone

B) Lamellae AC) Artery

C) Central canal AD) collagen fibers

D) Osteocyte AE) Circumferential lamellae

E) Sharpey's fibers

AD) collagen fibers

43

Raised areas on or above a site of muscle and ligament attachment.

A) Crest AB) Line

B) Fossa AC) Groove

C) Ramus AD) Process

D) Tuberosity AE) Meatus

E) Fissure BC) Epicondyle

BC) Epicondyle

44

Shallow depression.

A) Crest AB) Line

B) Fossa AC) Groove

C) Ramus AD) Process

D) Tuberosity AE) Meatus

E) Fissure BC) Epicondyle

B) Fossa

45

Large rounded projection.

A) Crest AB) Line

B) Fossa AC) Groove

C) Ramus AD) Process

D) Tuberosity AE) Meatus

E) Fissure BC) Epicondyle

D) Tuberosity

46

Narrow ridge of bone.

A) Crest AB) Line

B) Fossa AC) Groove

C) Ramus AD) Process

D) Tuberosity AE) Meatus

E) Fissure BC) Epicondyle

A) Crest

47

Thin upward bulge of bone that you can feel with your fingertip.

A) Crest AB) Line

B) Fossa AC) Groove

C) Ramus AD) Process

D) Tuberosity AE) Meatus

E) Fissure BC) Epicondyle

AB) Line

48

Projection OR prominence.

A) Crest AB) Line

B) Fossa AC) Groove

C) Ramus AD) Process

D) Tuberosity AE) Meatus

E) Fissure BC) Epicondyle

AD) Process

49

Arm-like, take part in joint formation.

A) Crest AB) Line

B) Fossa AC) Groove

C) Ramus AD) Process

D) Tuberosity AE) Meatus

E) Fissure BC) Epicondyle

C) Ramus

50

Narrow opening.

A) Crest AB) Line

B) Fossa AC) Groove

C) Ramus AD) Process

D) Tuberosity AE) Meatus

E) Fissure BC) Epicondyle

E) Fissure

51
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Name the suture of the skull.

Sagittal Suture

52
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Name the suture of the skull.

Coronal Suture

53
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Name the suture of the skull.

Lambdoid Suture

54
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Name skull marking or bone.

Frontal Bone

55
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Name skull marking or bone.

Parietal Bone

56
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Name skull marking or bone.

Sphenoid Bone

57
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Name skull marking or bone.

Ethmoid

58
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Name skull marking or bone.

Inferior Nasal Conchae

59
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Name skull marking or bone.

Palatine Bone

60
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Name skull marking or bone.

Vomer

61
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Name skull marking or bone.

Cribriform Plate

62
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Name skull marking or bone.

Vomer

63
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Name skull marking or bone.

Lacrimal bone

64
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Name skull marking or bone.

Sphenoid Bone

65
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Name skull marking or bone.

Ethmoid Bone

66
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Name skull marking or bone. - #23

Glabella

67
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Name skull marking or bone. - #22

Frontal suture

68
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Name skull marking or bone. - #21

Supraorbial foramen (notch)

69
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Name skull marking or bone. - #20

Supracibital margin

70
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Name skull marking or bone. - #19

Superior orbital fissure

71
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Name skull marking or bone. - #18

Optic canal

72
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Name skull marking or bone. - #17

Inferior orbital fissure

73
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Name skull marking or bone. - #13

Mandibular symphysis

74
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Name skull marking or bone. - #9

Infraobital foramen

75
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Name skull marking or bone. - #2

Squamous part of the frontal bone

76
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Name skull marking or bone. - #11

Mandible

77
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Name skull marking or bone. - #3

Nasal bone

78
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Name skull marking or bone. - #7

Lacrimal Bone

79
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Name skull marking or bone. - #8

Zygomatic bone

80
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Name skull marking or bone. - #10

Maxilla

81
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Name the bone of the skull.

Temporal Bone

82
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Name marking #43 of Mandible

A) Mental foramen D) Mandibular condyle

B) Mandibular angle E) Mandibular foramen

C) Mandibular notch AB) Coronoid Process

E) Mandibular foramen

83
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Name marking #44 of Mandible

A) Mental foramen D) Mandibular condyle

B) Mandibular angle E) Mandibular foramen

C) Mandibular notch AB) Coronoid Process

A) Mental foramen

84
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Name marking #45 of Mandible

A) Mental foramen D) Mandibular condyle

B) Mandibular angle E) Mandibular foramen

C) Mandibular notch AB) Coronoid Process

D) Mandibular condyle

85
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Name marking #46 of Mandible

A) Mental foramen D) Mandibular condyle

B) Mandibular angle E) Mandibular foramen

C) Mandibular notch AB) Coronoid Process

AB) Coronoid Process

86
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Name marking #47 of Mandible

A) Mental foramen D) Mandibular condyle

B) Mandibular angle E) Mandibular foramen

C) Mandibular notch AB) Coronoid Process

C) Mandibular notch

87

These C-Shaped semilunar cartilages help prevent side-to-side rocking of the femur on the tibia and help to absorb shock. What type of cartilage are the articular discs comprised of?

lateral and medial menisci, fibrocartilage

88

This attaches to the anterior intercondylar area of the the tibia. It prevents forward sliding of the tibia on the femur and help to prevent hypertension of the knee.

Anterior cruciate ligament (AC)

89

The condyle of the femur and the tibia are covered by this type of cartilage?

a) elastic cartilage

b) hyaline cartilage

c) fibrocartilage

b) hyaline cartilage

  • provide sturdy support with some flexibility. Most skeletal cartilage are composed of hyaline cartilage
90

Is the knee joint fibrous, cartiginous, or synovial? Synarthorotic, amphiarthrotic, or diathrotic? What type of joint may be more than one (plane, hinge, pivot, condyloid, saddle, or ball-and-socket)?

a) cartilaginous, amphiarhrotic, symphysis

b) synovial, diathrotic, hinge, uniaxial

c) synovial, diarhrotic, plane, modified hinge

d) fibrous, synarthrotic, syndesmosis

c) synovial, diarhrotic, plane, modified hinge

  • cartilaginous, amphiarhrotic, symphysis - pubic symphysis
  • synovial, diathrotic, hinge, uniaxial - ankle
  • ibrous, synarthrotic, syndesmosis - inferiro fibiofibular
91

The hip joint is formed by the articulation of this spherical portion of the femur with this deeply cupped area of the hip bone.

The head of the femur and the acetabulum of the hip bone

92

The articular surface of the pubis (where the pubic symphysis is formed) is covered in this type of cartilage? The actual pubic symphysis is comprised of this type of carilage that can withstand heavey pressure and stretch.

a) Elastic cartilage; Hyaline cartilage

b) Hyaline cartilage; Hyaline cartilage

c) Fibrocartilage; Elastic

d) Hyaline cartilage; fibrocartilage

d) Hyaline cartilage; fibrocartilage

93

Where does the main stability of a Hip/Coxal joint come from?

The deep socket that securely encloses the femoral head and the strong capsular ligaments.

94

What shallow cavity of the scapula does the head of the humerous fit into?

a) Coracoid process

b) Acromion

c) Glenoid cavity

d) Infraspinous fossa

c) Glenoid cavity

  • Coracoid process - projects above the glenoid cavity as a hooklike process; attaches biceps brachii muscle
  • Acromion - the lateral end of the spine of the scapula that articulate with the clavicle to form the AC joint
  • Infraspinous fossa - a broad depression located inferior to the spine of the scapula
95

The shoulder joint structural and functional types are:

a) synovial, diarthrotic, ball-and-socket

b) cartilaginous, synarthrotic, ball-and-socket

c) synovial, amphiarthrotic, ball-and-socket

d) synovial, diathrotic, pivot

a) synovial, diarthrotic, ball-and-socket

96

In what joint do the friction decreasing Subacromial bursa and Subscapular bursa sacs that are lined with a synovial membrane and synovial fluid reside?

a) hip

b) knee

c) shoulder

d) Temporomandibular

c) shoulder/ glenohumoral

97

What types of movement does the elbow joint allow?

a) flexion and hyperentension

b) flexion and extension

c) rotation and extension

d) abduction and circumduction

b) flexion and extension

98

Name the 3 ligaments involved with the elbow joint.

Anular, Ulnar collateral, and Radial collater ligaments

99

What type of structure/joint is the elbow?

a) Cartilaginous

b) Synovial

c) Fibrous

b) Synovial

100
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Name the type/name of vertebrae.

a) atlas (C1)

b) axis (C2)

a) atlas (C1)

101
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Name the type/name of vertebrae.

a) atlas (C1)

b) axis (C2)

b) axis (C2)

102
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Name the type/name of vertebrae.

a) cervical (C1-C7)

b) thoracic (T1-T12)

c) lumar (L1-L5)

d) sacrum

a) cervical (C1-C7)

103
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Name the type/name of vertebrae.

a) cervical (C1-C7)

b) thoracic (T1-T12)

c) lumar (L1-L5)

d) sacrum

Name the type/name of vertebrae.

a) cervical (C1-C7)

b) thoracic (T1-T12)

104
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Name the type/name of vertebrae.

a) cervical (C1-C7)

b) thoracic (T1-T12)

c) lumar (L1-L5)

d) sacrum

c) lumar (L1-L5)

105
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Name the type/name of vertebrae.

a) cervical (C1-C7)

b) thoracic (T1-T12)

c) lumar (L1-L5)

d) sacrum

d) sacrum

106
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Name the colored area of the vertebra.

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Vertebral foramen

107
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Name the colored area of the vertebra.

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Transverse process

108
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Name the colored area of the vertebra.

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Body

109
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Name the colored area of the vertebra.

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Spinous process

110
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Name the colored area of the vertebra.

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Transverse process

111
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Name the structure - #1

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process
  • Lamina
112
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Name the structure - #2

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Transverse process

113
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Name the structure - #3

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Superior articular process

114
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Name the structure - #4

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Superior articular facet

115
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Name the structure - #5

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Pedicle

116
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Name the structure - #6

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Body

117
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Name the structure - #7

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Vertebral foramen

118
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Name the structure - #8

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Vertebral arch

119
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Name the structure - #9

  • Lamina
  • Transverse process
  • Superior articular process
  • Superior articular facet
  • Pedicle
  • Body
  • Vertebral foramen
  • Vertebral arch
  • Spinous process

Spinous process

120

Which vertebra contains the following:

  • Body - small, wide side to side
  • Spinous process - short;bifid; project directly posteriorly
  • Vertebral foramen - triangular
  • Transverse processes - contain foramina
  • Superior/Inferior articulating processes - facets directed superior/inferoanteriorly
  • Movements allowed - flexion and extension; rotation; greatest range of movement

Cervical (C3-C7)

121

Which vertebra contains the following:

  • Body - heart shaped; bears costal facets
  • Spinous process - long; sharp; projects inferiorly
  • Vertebral foramen - circular
  • Transverse processes - bear facets for ribs (except T11-T12)
  • Superior/Inferior articulating processes - Superior facets > posteriorly; Inferior facets > anteriorly
  • Movements allowed - Rotation; lateral flexion (limited); NO flexion and extesion

Thoracic

122

Which vertebra contains the following:

  • Body - Massive; kidney shaped
  • Spinous process - short; blunt; projects directly posteriorly
  • Vertebral foramen - Triangular
  • Transverse processes - thin and tapered
  • Superior/Inferior articulating processes - Superior facets > posteriorly; Inferior facets > anteriorly
  • Movements allowed - flexion and extension; some lateral; NO rotation

Lumbar

123
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Name the Paranasal sinus. - #1

  • Frontal sinus
  • Ethmoidal air cells
  • Sphenoidal sinus
  • Maxillary sinus

Frontal sinus

124
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Name the Paranasal sinus. - #2

  • Frontal sinus
  • Ethmoidal air cells
  • Sphenoidal sinus
  • Maxillary sinus

Ethmoidal air cells

125
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Name the Paranasal sinus. - #3

  • Frontal sinus
  • Ethmoidal air cells
  • Sphenoidal sinus
  • Maxillary sinus

Sphenoidal sinus

126
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Name the Paranasal sinus. - #4

  • Frontal sinus
  • Ethmoidal air cells
  • Sphenoidal sinus
  • Maxillary sinus

Maxillary sinus

127

This bone is located in the throat above the larynx. It serves as a point of attachment for many tonhue and neck nuscles. It does not articulate with any other bone and is thus unique.

Hyoid bone

128
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Name the specific feature of the sacrum/coccyx - #1

  • Sacral promontory
  • Ala
  • Sacral foramina
  • Anterior sacral foramina
  • Coccyx
  • Sacral hiatus
  • Posterior sacral foramina
  • Median sacral crest
  • Sacral canal

Sacral promontory

129
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Name the specific feature of the sacrum/coccyx - #2

  • Sacral promontory
  • Ala
  • Sacral foramina
  • Anterior sacral foramina
  • Coccyx
  • Sacral hiatus
  • Posterior sacral foramina
  • Median sacral crest
  • Sacral canal

Ala

130
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Name the specific feature of the sacrum/coccyx - #3

  • Sacral promontory
  • Ala
  • Sacral foramina
  • Anterior sacral foramina
  • Coccyx
  • Sacral hiatus
  • Posterior sacral foramina
  • Median sacral crest
  • Sacral canal

Sacral foramina

131
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Name the specific feature of the sacrum/coccyx - #4

  • Sacral promontory
  • Ala
  • Sacral foramina
  • Anterior sacral foramina
  • Coccyx
  • Sacral hiatus
  • Posterior sacral foramina
  • Median sacral crest
  • Sacral canal

Anterior sacral foramina

132
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Name the specific feature of the sacrum/coccyx - #5

  • Sacral promontory
  • Ala
  • Sacral foramina
  • Anterior sacral foramina
  • Coccyx
  • Sacral hiatus
  • Posterior sacral foramina
  • Median sacral crest
  • Sacral canal

Coccyx

133
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Name the specific feature of the sacrum/coccyx - #6

  • Sacral promontory
  • Ala
  • Sacral foramina
  • Anterior sacral foramina
  • Coccyx
  • Sacral hiatus
  • Posterior sacral foramina
  • Median sacral crest
  • Sacral canal

Sacral hiatus

134
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Name the specific feature of the sacrum/coccyx - #7

  • Sacral promontory
  • Ala
  • Sacral foramina
  • Anterior sacral foramina
  • Coccyx
  • Sacral hiatus
  • Posterior sacral foramina
  • Median sacral crest
  • Sacral canal

Posterior sacral foramina

135
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Name the specific feature of the sacrum/coccyx - #8

  • Sacral promontory
  • Ala
  • Sacral foramina
  • Anterior sacral foramina
  • Coccyx
  • Sacral hiatus
  • Posterior sacral foramina
  • Median sacral crest
  • Sacral canal

Median sacral crest

136
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Name the specific feature of the sacrum/coccyx - #8

  • Sacral promontory
  • Ala
  • Sacral foramina
  • Anterior sacral foramina
  • Coccyx
  • Sacral hiatus
  • Posterior sacral foramina
  • Median sacral crest
  • Sacral canal

Sacral canal