Political Science Final Set 2

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1

Who actually elects the president of the United States?

The electoral college.

Electoral College: the meeting, in each state and the district of Columbia, of electors who cast votes to elect the president.

2

Necessary and expedient clause?

a clause in Article II, section 3, of the constitution that authorizes the president to recommend legislation to congress

3

What did George Washington establish early on?

He established the presidents key role as head of state- that is, the individual that represents the face of the federal gov't in diplomatic relations with other countries.

4

Executive privilege?

The idea that executive branch officials need to be able to advise the president in confidence, and that the president has a right to prevent that advice from becoming public.

5

Veto?

The presidents power to reject legislation passed by congress. Congress can over ride a veto with two thirds vote in both the house and senate.

6

Pocket veto?

the presidents veto of a bill without the opportunity for congress to over ride the veto. It occurs if the president does not act on a bill within 10 days after passage by Congress and Congress adjourns during that time.

7

Line Item Veto?

the authority of a chief executive to reject part of a bill passed by the legislature.

8

Who is Commander in Chief?

The president serves as Commander in Chief to all military services.

9

Executive agreement?

an international agreement in which the United States becomes a party once the president has signed it, without requiring approval from two thirds of the senate.

10

Executive order?

a presidential directive or proclamation that has the force of law.

Executive agreement involves foreign govt, Executive order does NOT involve a foreign gov't

11

Most important informal power?

The power to persuade.

12

Impeachment?

performed by the house of representatives, the act of charging gov't officials with "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors." The senate then decides whether to convict and remove the official from office.

13

Rally event?

short-term international event or military action that boosts presidential approval rating temporarily.

14

Unified Government?

a situation where the presidency and both houses of congress are controlled by the same party

15

Divided Government?

a situation where the presidency is held by one party and at least one house of Congress is controlled by a different party.

16

Cabinet mean?

a group of the top ranking officials of every major federal dept., plus other officials included by the president, who meet periodically with the president to discuss major administration priorities and policies.

Consist of: outer ring of institutional resources,(furthest away from the president). includes departments that implement nearly all gov't programs and provide the vast majority of gov't services.

17

Executive office of the President?

a group of agencies in the executive branch that primarily generate policy alternatives for the presidents consideration.

Consist of: middle closest to the president. consists of a number of policy related groups that aid the president.

18

White house staff?

a group of offices in the executive branch that provides the president with political advice, promotes the president's program with legislator and interest groups, and handles the president's public relations.

Consist of: institutional circle closest to president. Provides the president with political advice, promotes the presidents program with legislators and interest groups and handles the presidents public relations.