Digestion Flashcards


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created 11 years ago by rizq96
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Digestion
Subjects:
biology, digestion
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1

Ingestion

It is the process of taking the food into the body through the mouth as like eating.

2

Digestion

The process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed and take in by the body

3

Egestion

The process of discharging the waste matter (feces) from the body.

4

Salivary gland

Three pairs of glands in the mouth and digestive system that secreted the saliva for digestion.

5

Saliva

Water liquid that secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands

6

Oesphagus

The part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to the stomach and the gullet

7

Stomach

It is the internal organ where the first part of digestion happened.

8

Small intestine

It is where most food is absorbed in an organism, where digestive enzymes are secreted into it to further break down

9

BIle

It is secreted by the liver and contains cholesterol, bile salts and waste products

10

Large intestine

The large intestine acts mainly to absorb water from digested materials and solidify feces.

11

Rectum

The final section of the large intestine, terminating at the anus.

12

Anus

The opening at the end of the alimentary canal through which solid waste matter leaves the body.

13

Gall bladder

A muscular sack attached to the liver that stores bile (secreted by the liver) until it is needed for digestion

14

Pancreas

A long, irregularly shaped gland in vertebrate animals that is located behind the stomach and is part of the digestive system

15

Absorption

The process of absorbing or the condition of being absorbed.

16

Emulsify

Make into or become an emulsion.

17

VIlli

A fingerlike projection of the lining of the small intestine.