Chapter 5 Study Guide: ECE 309 (Terms) Flashcards


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1

Socratic Method

is the process of gaining knowledge by carefully questioning and then criticizing answers

2

Realism

is the notion that the world exists in terms of matter separate from the world of ideas and independent of it

3

Realism

the modern role of a teacher- organizer, systematizer, promoter, of critical thinking- is largely founded on the principle

4

A Pragmatist teacher would most likely believe that...

they should select ideas, actions, and consequences with the most desirable outcome, learning from previous experience

5

Postmodernism

the school of thought that describes the cultural changes to philosophy that are caused by present-day information such as from contemporary literature, feminist, and art

6

Essentialism

teacher centered philosophy

7

Student-centered Philosophy

educational philosophies that focus on training individual students, empahsizing the individuality of students and helping them realize their potential

8

Essentialist

is a teacher who believes in teaching basic skills and "training the mind"

9

Free- writing in a journal

a re-constructionist lesson might include what?

10

Existentialism

the process that promote worldwide participation and relationships between people of different countries, cultures, and languages

11

Learning by transmission

learning that occurs from an external source, such as lecture and note-taking

12

Construction

a math teacher sets up centers throughout the room, providing role-play materials and games for students to learn fractions. This teacher believes students learn by this

13

Philosophy of Education

a written description of what you interpret the best approach to education to be

14

Metaphysics

is the branch of philosophy that considers the physical universe and the nature of ultimate reality

15

Epistemology

is the branch of philosophy that considers how people come to learn what they know

16

Axiology

is the branch of philosophy that considers the study of principles and values

17

Logic

is the branch of philosophy that seeks to organize reasoning

18

Teacher- centered

job of the teacher is to impact a respect for authority, determination, a strong work ethic, compassion for those around us, and sensibility

19

Student-centered

this is philosophy is focused more on educating students individually. They place more emphasis on the individuality of the students and helping them to realize their potential

20

Society- centered

go beyond focusing on strictly the teacher or the students and focus on a group or a people instead. Society-centered philosophies focus on educating a group of people- whether a minority group or the world as a whole- rather than a curriculum or a student

21

One major philosophy of education: Nationalsim

is a national spirit, the love of country, and emotional ties to the interests of a nation and the symbols