Juvenile Justice - CRJ 155 Chapter 14
What are the main types of drugs?
The main drugs that are used by adolescents are:
8)Stimulants (Amphetamines & Hallucinogens)
It relaxes inhibitions and make adolescents participate in risky behavior.
- Tobacco is not considered a mind altering drug.
- Tobacco contributes to 435,000 deaths annually, whereas alcohol contributed to 85,000,and all illcit drugs combined contributed to 20,000 deaths.
Produced from the leaves of Cannabis Sativa
- In the short run, smoking small amounts produces an early excitment ("high") that can lead to drowsiness
- The main active ingredient is : Tetrahydrocannabinol
Powder derivative of the "Coca Plant"
- Cocaine produces a powerful high generally within 15 to 20 seconds
- Crack is another form of cocaine. Is processed street cocaine.
-Processed street cocaine
-Smoked in special glass pipe
- Can be smoke with marijuana in a cigarette
- Can be snorted,smoked, or injected
-Effects last for up to 8 hrs.
-This drug makes an individual feel awake,aware, and happy,but also agitated and paranoid.
- 1st used in Germany in the 1880
-Until World War II that it was used in the U.S.
-Benzedrine & Dexedrine
- Relieves fatigue & anxiety
Ecstacy - club drug
-Another name for MDMA
-Usually ingested orally in a tablet or capsule form
-Sometimes snorted or smoked
-Produces profound pleasure
-Positive changes in self-confidence & attitude
Heroin - Opium made from "Poppy Seeds"
-Refined form of morphine
- Anabolic Steroids are highly dangerous
* Used to gain muscle bulk & strength
- Health problems associated with the use of steroids is :
What are the different types of drug & alcohol users?
- Social or Recreational Users- Take drug to socialize with friends.
- Addicts-Those whose lives are dominated by drugs
- Experimental Users- Youths that are curious about drugs & ocasionally use drugs to test the effects.
What are the factors that make a youth high risk for later substance abuse?