Juvenile Justice - CRJ 155 Chapter 14

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Drugs & Youthful Offending
updated 9 years ago by Msaavedra
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College: First year
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1

What are the main types of drugs?

The main drugs that are used by adolescents are:

1)Alcohol
2)Tobacco
3)Marijuana
4)Cocaine
5)Methamphethamine
6)Inhalants
7)Sedatives
8)Stimulants (Amphetamines & Hallucinogens)
9)Heroin

2

Alcohol

Effects:

It relaxes inhibitions and make adolescents participate in risky behavior.

3

Tobacco

- Tobacco is not considered a mind altering drug.

- Tobacco contributes to 435,000 deaths annually, whereas alcohol contributed to 85,000,and all illcit drugs combined contributed to 20,000 deaths.

4

Marijuana

Produced from the leaves of Cannabis Sativa

- In the short run, smoking small amounts produces an early excitment ("high") that can lead to drowsiness

- The main active ingredient is : Tetrahydrocannabinol

5

Cocaine

Powder derivative of the "Coca Plant"

Effects:

- Cocaine produces a powerful high generally within 15 to 20 seconds

- Snorting

- Crack is another form of cocaine. Is processed street cocaine.

6

"Crack"

-Processed street cocaine

-Smoked in special glass pipe

- Can be smoke with marijuana in a cigarette

7

Metamphetamine

-Synthetic drug

- Can be snorted,smoked, or injected

-Effects last for up to 8 hrs.

-This drug makes an individual feel awake,aware, and happy,but also agitated and paranoid.

8

Amphetamines

- 1st used in Germany in the 1880

-Until World War II that it was used in the U.S.

-Benzedrine & Dexedrine

- Relieves fatigue & anxiety

9

Ecstacy - club drug

-Another name for MDMA

-Usually ingested orally in a tablet or capsule form

-Sometimes snorted or smoked

Effects:

-Produces profound pleasure
-Acute Euphoria
-Positive changes in self-confidence & attitude

10

Heroin - Opium made from "Poppy Seeds"

-Refined form of morphine
-Paregoric
-Codeine

11

Steroids

- Anabolic Steroids are highly dangerous
* Used to gain muscle bulk & strength

- Health problems associated with the use of steroids is :

*Liver Aliments
*Tumors
*Kidney Problems
*Sexual Dysfunction
*Hypertension

12

What are the different types of drug & alcohol users?

- Social or Recreational Users- Take drug to socialize with friends.

- Addicts-Those whose lives are dominated by drugs

- Experimental Users- Youths that are curious about drugs & ocasionally use drugs to test the effects.

13

What are the factors that make a youth high risk for later substance abuse?

1)Early initiation
2)School problems
3)Family problems
4)Peer influences
5)Personality