Flexibility Training Concepts

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1

Flexibility

The normal extensibility of all soft tissues that allows the full range of motion of a joint

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Extensibility

Capability to be elongated or stretched

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Dynamic range of motion

The combination of flexibility and the nervous system's ability to control this range of motion efficiently

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Neuromuscular efficiency

The ability of the neuromuscular system to allow agonists (prime movers), atagonists (Muscle that in direct opposition to agonists) and stabilizers to work synergistically to produce, reduce, and dynamically stabilize the entire kinetic chain in all three planes of motion

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Postural distortion patterns

Predictable patterns of muscle imbalances

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Relative flexibility

The tendency of the body to seek the path of least resistance during functional movement patterns

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Muscle imbalance

Alteration of muscle length surrounding a joint

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Reciprocal inhibition

The simultaneous contraction of one muscle and the relaxation of its anatagonist to allow movement to take place

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Altered reciprocal inhibition

The concept of muscle inhibition, caused by a tight agonist, which inhibits its functional antagonist

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Synergistic dominance

The neuromuscular phenomenon that occurs when inappropriate muscles take over the function of a weak or inhibited prime mover

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Arthrokinemtics

Joint movement
*the motions of joints in the body :-)

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Arthrokinetic dysfunction

Altered forces at the joint that result in abnormal muscular activity and impaired neuromuscular communication at the joint

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Autogenic inhibition

The process by which neural impulses that sense tension are greater than the impulses that cause muscles to contract, providing an inhibitory effect to the muscle spindles

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Pattern overload

Consistently repeating the same pattern of motion, which may place abnormal stresses on the body

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Davis's law

States that soft tissue models along the lines of stress

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Static stretching

The process of passively taking a muscle to the point of tension and holding the strech for a minimum of 30 seconds

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Active-isolated stretch

The process of using agonists and synergists to dynamically move the joint into a range of motion

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Dynamic stretch

The active extension of a muscle, using force production and momentum, to move the joint through the full available range of motion