NASM Essentials of Personal Fitness Training: Practice quizz Flashcards


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1

Which of the following assessments BEST measures cardiovascular efficiency

YMCA step test

Reason: The other tests measure agility or body fat

2

What is the proper formula to calculate a client's body mass index (BMI)

Weight (kg) / Height (m2)

Reason: The correct formula for BMI is kg/m2

3

If a client demonstrates knees that cave in during the overhead squat assessment what muscle(s) are MOST likely tight (overactive)?

Adductor complex

Reason: The adductor complex is responsible for drawing the knees inward

4

What muscle(s) are MOST likely tight (overactive) if a client demonstrates an arching low back during the overhead squat assessment?

Hip Flexors

Reason: The hip flexors pull the pelvis anteriorly causing arching of the back

5

What muscle(s) are MOST likely weak (underactive) if a client demonstrates knees move inward during the overhead squat assessment?

Gluteus medius

Reason: A weak gluteus medius allows for excessive internal rotation of the femur

6

If a client demonstrates arms that fall forward during the overhead squat, which muscle(s) are MOST likely weak (underactive)?

Lower trapezius

Reason: The trapezius is responsible for retraction of the scapula

7

What muscle(s) are MOST likely weak (underactive) if a client’s head protrudes forward during the pulling assessment?

Deep cervical flexors

Reason: The deep cervical flexors facilitate stabilization of the head

8

Which of the following muscles would be the MOST appropriate to strengthen if your client demonstrates feet turning out during the overhead squat assessment?

Medial gastrocnemius

Reason: The medial gastrocnemius prevent excessive lateral rotation of the tibia and fibula

9

Which of the following muscles would be the MOST appropriate to strengthen if your client demonstrates an arched lower back during the overhead squat assessment?

Gluteus maximus

Reason: The gluteus maximus helps draw the pelvis posteriorly and prevent low back arch

10

What is the normal systolic reading when measuring blood pressure

<120 mm Hg

Reason: This blood pressure range has been shown to decrease risk of stroke

11

Which of the following assessments BEST measures lower extremity agility and neuromuscular control?

Shark skill test

Reason: The rest of the assessments measure upper body performance

12

Wearing shoes with a high heel can lead to tightness in which muscles?

Gastrocnemius, soleus

Reason: Excessive plantar flexion from heels can shorten these muscles

13

Which of the following assessments BEST measures muscular endurance of the upper body, primarily the pushing muscles?

Push-up test

Reason: The push up test is the best assessment for measuring upper body pushing endurance

14

Which of the following assessments BEST measures upper extremity agility and stabilization?

Davies test

Reason: The other examples measure upper body endurance or lower body agility

15

What muscle(s) is/are most likely overactive if a client’s knee moves inward during the single-leg squat test?

Adductor complex

Reason: The adductor complex is responsible for internal rotation of the femur