Study Questions About the Human Body

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updated 4 years ago by chaneasegarvey
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1

What is the easiest way to see dots of color called phosphenes?

  1. squint carefully
  2. shut your eyes
  3. cry copiously
  4. look into the sun

b. shut your eyes

2

What bodily function is also called "micturition"?

  1. digestion
  2. orgasm
  3. burping
  4. urination

d. urination

3

Nucleases

  • any of a group of enzymes that split nucleic acids into nucleotides and other products
4

Lipases

  • fat-splitting enzyme
  • any enzyme that catalyzes the splitting of fats into glycerol and fatty acids.
5

Proteases/Pertidases

  • an enzyme that is a catalyst in the breakdown of peptide bonds that join the amino acids in a protein
6

Amylases

  • an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of starch into simpler compounds
7

What type of human digestive enzymes split proteins into small peptides and amino acids?

  1. nucleases
  2. lipases
  3. proteases/pertidases
  4. amylases

proteases/pertidases

8

How many fused vertebrae are there in the sacrum?

  1. 7
  2. 6
  3. 5
  4. 4
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5

9
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Dextrocardia

  • A heart misplaced in the right chest, with the apex of the heart pointing right
10
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Situs Inversus

  • a condition in which the organs of the chest and abdomen are arranged in a perfect mirror image reversal of the normal positioning
11

Dextrocardia usually occurs as a part of situs inversus. What is situs inversus?

  1. right-handedness
  2. reversal of thoracic and abdominal organs
  3. paralysis
  4. high blood pressure

reversal of thoracic and abdominal organs

12

I am a diabetic. I can't produce insulin. Which diabetes type do I have?

  1. type IV
  2. type I
  3. type II
  4. type III

type I

13
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Type I Diabetes

  • Also called juvenile diabetes
  • typically begins early in life
  • Affected individuals have a primary insulin deficiency
  • must take insulin injections.
14

Type II Diabetes

  • Type II diabetes is the most common form of diabetes
  • usually appears in middle aged adults
  • is due to improper use of insulin or insulin resistance
  • It is often associated with obesity
  • may be delayed or controlled with diet and exercise.
15

Which nerve does NOT help coordinate eye movement?

  1. oclomotor
  2. abducens
  3. trochlear
  4. trigeminal

trigeminal

16
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Oculomotor Nerve

  • the third cranial nerve
  • contains both sensory and motor fibers
  • provide for muscle sense and movement in most of the muscles of the eye, for constriction of the pupil,and for accommodation of the eye
17
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Abducens Nerve

  • the sixth cranial nerve
  • it arises from the pons
  • supplies the lateral rectus muscle of the eyeball, allowing for motion
18
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Trochlear Nerve

  • the fourth cranial nerve
  • it supplies muscle sense and the impulse for movement to the superior oblique muscle of the eyeball
19

Trigeminal Nerve

  • the fifth cranial nerve
  • it arises in the pons
  • is composed of sensory and motor fibers
  • has three divisions: ophthalmic, maxillary, and mandibular